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PubMed | Dr. B. C. Roy Engineering College, NRS Medical College & Hospital and Medinipur Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PLoS neglected tropical diseases | Year: 2015

Post Kala-azar Dermal Leishmaniasis (PKDL) is a chronic but not life-threatening disease; patients generally do not demand treatment, deserve much more attention because PKDL is highly relevant in the context of Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) elimination. There is no standard guideline for diagnosis and treatment for PKDL. A species-specific PCR on slit skin smear demonstrated a sensitivity of 93.8%, but it has not been applied for routine diagnostic purpose. The study was conducted to determine the actual disease burden in an endemic area of Malda district, West Bengal, comparison of the three diagnostic tools for PKDL case detection and pattern of lesion regression after treatment. The prevalence of PKDL was determined by active surveillance and confirmed by PCR based diagnosis. Patients were treated with either sodium stibogluconate (SSG) or oral miltefosine and followed up for two years to observe lesion regression period. Twenty six PKDL cases were detected with a prevalence rate of 27.5% among the antileishmanial antibody positive cases. Among three diagnostic methods used, PCR is highly sensitive (88.46%) for case confirmation. In majority of the cases skin lesions persisted after treatment completion which gradually disappeared during 6-12 months post treatment period. Reappearance of lesions noted in two cases after 1.5 years of miltefosine treatment. A significant number of PKDL patients would remain undiagnosed without active mass surveys. Such surveys are required in other endemic areas to attain the ultimate goal of eliminating Kala-azar. PCR-based method is helpful in confirming diagnosis of PKDL, referral laboratory at district or state level can achieve it. So a well-designed study with higher number of samples is essential to establish when/whether PKDL patients are free from parasite after treatment and to determine which PKDL patients need treatment for longer period.


PubMed | Calcutta National Medical College, Calcutta Medical College and Hospital, NRS Medical College & Hospital and North Bengal Medical College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Asian journal of psychiatry | Year: 2014

Persons suffering from diabetes mellitus (DM) are at higher risk of developing erectile dysfunction (ED). Several factors contribute to ED in patients of DM. Only few studies have attempted to explore physical, psychological and social factors in a single study. The aim of the index study was to measure the prevalence of ED in patients of DM and to determine the contributory role of various socio-demographic, physical, and psychological variables.One hundred and thirteen (N = 113) consenting consecutive male married diabetic patients were assessed on International Index of Erectile Function Questionnaire (IIEFQ-5), Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) and Becks Depression Inventory (BDI) to measure erectile performance, quality of marriage and depressive symptoms respectively. Pretested Bengali versions of these scales were used in the index study.Prevalence of ED was 38.94%. ED group significantly differed from non-ED group in current age, family type, type of treatment for diabetes, presence of micro/macrovascular complications, history of current tobacco use, quality of marriage, and presence of depressive symptoms. In logistic regression analysis current age, body mass index (BMI) and presence of depressive symptoms had significant predictive role on occurrence of erectile dysfunction.Prevalence of ED among diabetic patients is high compared to general population. Both physical and psychosocial factors predict the occurrence of ED in this group. So, both physicians and psychiatrists should remain aware about the multi-faceted causative role of ED in DM.


Basu B.,NRS Medical College & Hospital | Mahapatra T.K.S.,NRS Medical College & Hospital | Roy B.,NRS Medical College & Hospital | Schaefer F.,University of Heidelberg
Pediatric Nephrology | Year: 2016

Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) is associated with high patient morbidity and mortality. There is no consensus on the best RRT modality for pediatric AKI. Methods: The efficacy and safety of continuous peritoneal dialysis (cPD) and daily intermittent hemodialysis (dHD) were compared in 136 children aged 1 month to 16 years requiring RRT for AKI. Mortality, risk factors and causes of death, 1-month and 3-month renal recovery rates, and technique-related complications were assessed. Results: Uremia control and the rate of catheter-related complications were comparable in the groups. Thirty-day survival was 60.7 % (51 out of 84) with cPD and 36.5 % (19 out of 52) with dHD (p = 0.019). Although age <1 year, extended time lag from disease onset to RRT initiation, mechanical ventilation, and extended vasopressor dependence independently predicted death, adjusted mortality was higher with dHD relative to cPD (hazard ratio [HR] 1.75, 95%CI 1.18–2.84, p = 0.022). Almost all fatalities in the dHD group (94 %) occurred during or within an hour of a HD session. Renal function normalized in 27 % of survivors after 4 weeks and in 51 % after 3 months. The risk of permanent end-stage renal disease was increased in patients with an intrinsic renal cause of AKI (HR 2.72; 95 % CI 1.37–3.83; p = 0.029) and in those with delayed RRT initiation (HR 2.17; 95 % CI 123–2.93; p = 0.015), but did not differ between patients treated with dHD and cPD. Conclusions: Favorable patient survival with cPD compared with dHD in children treated for AKI was evident in this study. © 2016 IPNA


PubMed | NRS Medical College & Hospital and University of Heidelberg
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany) | Year: 2016

Acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) is associated with high patient morbidity and mortality. There is no consensus on the best RRT modality for pediatric AKI.The efficacy and safety of continuous peritoneal dialysis (cPD) and daily intermittent hemodialysis (dHD) were compared in 136 children aged 1month to 16years requiring RRT for AKI. Mortality, risk factors and causes of death, 1-month and 3-month renal recovery rates, and technique-related complications were assessed.Uremia control and the rate of catheter-related complications were comparable in the groups. Thirty-day survival was 60.7% (51 out of 84) with cPD and 36.5% (19 out of 52) with dHD (p=0.019). Although age <1year, extended time lag from disease onset to RRT initiation, mechanical ventilation, and extended vasopressor dependence independently predicted death, adjusted mortality was higher with dHD relative to cPD (hazard ratio [HR] 1.75, 95%CI 1.18-2.84, p=0.022). Almost all fatalities in the dHD group (94%) occurred during or within an hour of a HD session. Renal function normalized in 27% of survivors after 4weeks and in 51% after 3months. The risk of permanent end-stage renal disease was increased in patients with an intrinsic renal cause of AKI (HR 2.72; 95% CI 1.37-3.83; p=0.029) and in those with delayed RRT initiation (HR 2.17; 95% CI 123-2.93; p=0.015), but did not differ between patients treated with dHD and cPD.Favorable patient survival with cPD compared with dHD in children treated for AKI was evident in this study.


PubMed | NRS Medical College & Hospital, University of Heidelberg and Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Type: | Journal: American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation | Year: 2015

This article has been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy.


PubMed | Burdwan Medical College & Hospital Burdwan, NRS Medical College & Hospital and Burdwan Medical College & Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2016

Causes of urinary retention in old men include benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostatitis, prostate cancer, Scarring of the urethra or bladder neck as a result of injury or surgery, use of certain medicines particularly NSAIDs and opioid analgesics, constipation and neurogenic bladder. When the above common causes are not quite obvious by clinical examination and relevant investigations, then it is necessary to think of other rare diseases. It is with the above in our mind that a case of bladder outflow obstruction due to a large primary retrovesical hydatid cyst is herein reported in a 58-year-old man. Ultrasonography (USG) and Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography (CECT) scan of the abdomen and pelvis of the patient revealed a large, multilocular, nonenhancing, cystic lesion in the rectovesical pouch having typical cartwheel appearance without any other intraabdominal organ involvement. These typical radiological characteristics led us to suspect the presence of a hydatid cyst. He underwent exploratory laparotomy where cystopericycstectomy was done. Pre-operative and post-operative albendazole prophylaxis was also given. In conclusion, hydatid cyst should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of pelvic cystic masses, specially in endemic regions.


Talukdar P.,NRS Medical College Hospital
BMJ case reports | Year: 2013

Although neurological manifestations of typhoid fever was thought to be obsolete from modern world, emergence of multidrug resistant typhoid bacilli and reporting of outbreak of typhoid fever with a range of early neuropsychiatric manifestations from various parts of world has led clinicians and investigators to re-evaluate the clinical spectrum of this endemic sinister disease. An 18-year-old male student was admitted in psychiatry ward with mutism, staring look, posturing and rigidity. There was history of typhoid fever 1 week before for which he was prescribed cefuroxime. Although investigations fail to provide any clue, his catatonic symptoms disappeared 2 weeks later giving way to resting tremor, bradykinesia, cog-wheel rigidity but without gait abnormality. He was successfully treated with lorazepam, amantidine, olanzapine and pramiprexole. The patient was asymptomatic within a month. He had no recurrence of symptoms till last follow-up, 6 months from the illness.


A community-based, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in Purushottampur village of the Singur block, Hooghly, using a pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaire, to find out the prevalence of RTI / STI symptomatics among the general population aged 15 to 49 years, and to assess their profiles and health-seeking behaviors. Prevalence of (Reproductive tract infection) RTI / STI (Sexually transmitted infections) symptoms in the last 12 months was found to be 13.9 and 13.6% among males and females, respectively. The most common symptom was dysuria and vaginal discharge among males and females, respectively. Almost half of the STI symptomatics (52% male, 50% female) did nothing for their symptoms. Better health-seeking behavior was observed among females. About 9.4% of the males and 47% of the females sought advice from the clinic / hospital / health workers. Strengthening of activities of the existing national program among the general population is needed to build a positive health-seeking behavior that will ensure success of the syndromic management of RTI / STI.


PubMed | NRS Medical College & Hospital
Type: | Journal: Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association | Year: 2015

Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) is one of the most common forms of antineutrophil cytoplasm autoantibodies (ANCA)-associated vasculitis in children. Cyclophospamide and glucocorticoid-based treatment protocols are still considered gold standard in managing this multi-system disorder. But treatment-related toxicity is a major cause of chronic morbidity and early mortality in MPA. Hence, the search for an effective and safe alternative immunosuppressant is essential.A retrospective analysis of baseline clinico-pathological presentation and treatment-outcome was performed among 11 paediatric MPA patients. All of whom were treated with a pre-specified cyclophosphamide free, rituximab- and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)-based management protocol as per centre practice.We describe the clinical course of 11 children with MPA over a median follow-up period of 20.9 months. Both patient survival and renal survival at 1 year follow-up were 100%. In spite of the varying degree of renal involvement at presentation, kidney function was recovered in all patients with a median estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 79.5 mL/min/1.73 m(2). At last follow-up, 91% (10/11) of patients were in complete remission and one (9%) child continued partial remission state. There was no treatment failure. In total, 73% (8/11) of patients were off steroids at last follow-up and 82% (9/11) of patients never relapsed during follow-up period.Efficacy and medium-term safety of rituximab- and MMF-based protocol in managing children with MPA was evident in this study.


PubMed | NRS Medical College & Hospital
Type: | Journal: Reumatologia clinica | Year: 2016

Hypertriglyceridemia is common in children with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A retrospective analysis of the baseline clinical-pathological presentation and treatment outcome (status of lipid profiles) was performed in two children with SLE, who presented with extreme hypertriglyceridemia over a follow-up period of four weeks. The children were treated with prednisolone, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), hydroxychloroquine and hypolipidemic agents, depending on their disease status. On serial follow-up, the first child showed a significantly raised serum triglyceride level after receiving one week of oral prednisolone therapy. Anti-lipoprotein-lipase (LPL) autoantibody was absent. Lipid profile levels of this child gradually improved after replacing oral prednisolone with another immunosuppressant, namely MMF. The second child presented with extreme hypertriglyceridemia with positive anti-LPL autoantibody. She responded to plasmapheresis followed by increasing the dose of immunosuppressant. So, extreme hypertriglyceridemia in children with SLE may be steroid induced or due to presence of anti-LPL auto antibody. Management should be individualized depending on the etiology.

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