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Loffler J.,University of Hamburg | Krasemann S.,University of Hamburg | Zerr I.,Medical Center Georg August University | Matschke J.,University of Hamburg | Glatzel M.,University of Hamburg
American Journal of Neurodegenerative Diseases | Year: 2014

Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is characterized by great phenotypic variability regarding clinical course and neuropathology. The most prominent disease modifiers are a polymorphism in Codon 129 of the prion protein gene and conformational variations of the misfolded prion protein. The cellular form of the prion protein restricts replication of viruses and may be involved in viral host defense, and viral infections influence the presentation and neuropathology in prion diseased mice. We investigated the occurrence of reactivated persistent viral infections of the brain in brain tissue samples of 25 sCJD patients. No evidence of reactivated JCV and CMV infections could be detected. This suggests that JCV and CMV infections are not reactivated as consequence of prion disease and do not act as disease modifiers in sCJD. © 2014, E-Century Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved.


Gawinecka J.,Medical Center Georg August University | Cardone F.,Instituto Superiore Of Sanita | Asif A.R.,Medical Center Georg August University | De Pascalis A.,Instituto Superiore Of Sanita | And 4 more authors.
Proteomics | Year: 2012

Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is characterized by wide clinical and pathological variability, which is mainly influenced by the conformation of the misfolded prion protein, and by the methionine and valine polymorphism at codon 129 of the prion protein gene. This heterogeneity likely implies differences in the molecular cascade that leads to the development of certain disease phenotypes. In this study, we investigated the proteome of the frontal cortex of patients with the two most common sCJD subtypes (MM1 and VV2) using 2D-DIGE and MS. Analysis of 2D maps revealed that 46 proteins are differentially expressed in the sCJD. Common differential expression was detected for seven proteins, four showed opposite direction of differential expression, and the remaining ones displayed subtype-specific alteration. The highest number of differentially expressed proteins was associated with signal transduction and neuronal activity. Moreover, functional groups of proteins involved in cell cycle and death, as well as in structure and motility included subtype-specific expressed proteins exclusively. The expression of Rab GDP dissociation inhibitor alpha, which regulates Rab3a-mediated neurotransmitter release, was affected in both sCJD subtypes that were analyzed. Therefore, we also investigated as to whether Rab3a recycling is altered. Indeed, we found an accumulation of the membrane-associated form, thus the active one, which suggests that dysfunction of the Rab3a-mediated exocytosis might be implicated in sCJD pathology. © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Gawinecka J.,Medical Center Georg August University | Nowak M.,Medical Center Georg August University | Carimalo J.,Medical Center Georg August University | Cardone F.,Instituto Superiore Of Sanita | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease | Year: 2013

Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is characterized by wide clinical and pathological variability, which is mainly influenced by the conformation of the misfolded prion protein (PrPSc) and by methionine and valine polymorphism at codon 129 of the gene encoding PrP. This heterogeneity likely implies differences in the molecular cascades that lead to the development of certain disease phenotypes. Here, we investigated synaptic proteome patterns in two most common sCJD subtypes (MM1 and VV2) using 2D DIGE and mass spectrometry. We found that 23 distinct proteins were differentially expressed in at least one sCJD subtype when compared to age-matched controls. The majority of these proteins displayed significant subtype-specific alterations, with only up-regulated glial fibrillary acidic protein and down-regulated spectrin alpha chain in both sCJD subtypes. Differentially expressed proteins found in this study are mainly involved in synaptic structure and activity, mitochondrial function, or calcium metabolism. Moreover, several of them have been already linked to the pathophysiological processes occurring in Alzheimer's disease. © 2013-IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Medical Center Georg August University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of proteome research | Year: 2010

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) contains a dynamic and complex mixture of proteins, which can reflect a physiological and pathological state of the central nervous system. In our present study, we show CSF protein patterns from patients with the two most frequent subtypes of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) defined by the codon 129 genotype (MM, MV, and VV) and the protease-resistant form of prion protein (type 1 and type 2). The densitometric analysis of 2D gels showed up-regulation of 27 and down-regulation of 3 proteins in the MM-sCJD as well as the up-regulation of 24 proteins in the VV-sCJD as compared to nondemented control. Almost 40% of sCJD specific regulated proteins in CSF are involved in glucose metabolism, regardless of the codon 129 polymorphism. The increase in CSF levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (G6PI), and fructose-bisphosphate aldolase A (ALDOA) were validated on a larger group of sCJD patients including three possible codon 129 polymorphism carriers and three control groups consisting of nondemented, neurological cases as well as patients suffering from Alzheimers disease or vascular dementia. Subsequently, the abundance of these glycolytic enzymes in the brain as well as their cellular localization were determined. This study demonstrates for the first time the implication of G6PI in prion-induced pathology as well as its cellular translocalization in sCJD. The identification of sCJD-regulated proteins in CSF of living symptomatic patients in our study can broaden our knowledge about pathological processes occurring in sCJD, as they are still not fully understood.


PubMed | Medical Center Georg August University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Proteomics | Year: 2012

Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is characterized by wide clinical and pathological variability, which is mainly influenced by the conformation of the misfolded prion protein, and by the methionine and valine polymorphism at codon 129 of the prion protein gene. This heterogeneity likely implies differences in the molecular cascade that leads to the development of certain disease phenotypes. In this study, we investigated the proteome of the frontal cortex of patients with the two most common sCJD subtypes (MM1 and VV2) using 2D-DIGE and MS. Analysis of 2D maps revealed that 46 proteins are differentially expressed in the sCJD. Common differential expression was detected for seven proteins, four showed opposite direction of differential expression, and the remaining ones displayed subtype-specific alteration. The highest number of differentially expressed proteins was associated with signal transduction and neuronal activity. Moreover, functional groups of proteins involved in cell cycle and death, as well as in structure and motility included subtype-specific expressed proteins exclusively. The expression of Rab GDP dissociation inhibitor alpha, which regulates Rab3a-mediated neurotransmitter release, was affected in both sCJD subtypes that were analyzed. Therefore, we also investigated as to whether Rab3a recycling is altered. Indeed, we found an accumulation of the membrane-associated form, thus the active one, which suggests that dysfunction of the Rab3a-mediated exocytosis might be implicated in sCJD pathology.


PubMed | Medical Center Georg August University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD | Year: 2013

Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is characterized by wide clinical and pathological variability, which is mainly influenced by the conformation of the misfolded prion protein (PrPSc) and by methionine and valine polymorphism at codon 129 of the gene encoding PrP. This heterogeneity likely implies differences in the molecular cascades that lead to the development of certain disease phenotypes. Here, we investigated synaptic proteome patterns in two most common sCJD subtypes (MM1 and VV2) using 2D DIGE and mass spectrometry. We found that 23 distinct proteins were differentially expressed in at least one sCJD subtype when compared to age-matched controls. The majority of these proteins displayed significant subtype-specific alterations, with only up-regulated glial fibrillary acidic protein and down-regulated spectrin alpha chain in both sCJD subtypes. Differentially expressed proteins found in this study are mainly involved in synaptic structure and activity, mitochondrial function, or calcium metabolism. Moreover, several of them have been already linked to the pathophysiological processes occurring in Alzheimers disease.

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