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Gawinecka J.,Medical Center Georg August University | Nowak M.,Medical Center Georg August University | Carimalo J.,Medical Center Georg August University | Cardone F.,Istituto Superiore di Sanita | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease | Year: 2013

Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is characterized by wide clinical and pathological variability, which is mainly influenced by the conformation of the misfolded prion protein (PrPSc) and by methionine and valine polymorphism at codon 129 of the gene encoding PrP. This heterogeneity likely implies differences in the molecular cascades that lead to the development of certain disease phenotypes. Here, we investigated synaptic proteome patterns in two most common sCJD subtypes (MM1 and VV2) using 2D DIGE and mass spectrometry. We found that 23 distinct proteins were differentially expressed in at least one sCJD subtype when compared to age-matched controls. The majority of these proteins displayed significant subtype-specific alterations, with only up-regulated glial fibrillary acidic protein and down-regulated spectrin alpha chain in both sCJD subtypes. Differentially expressed proteins found in this study are mainly involved in synaptic structure and activity, mitochondrial function, or calcium metabolism. Moreover, several of them have been already linked to the pathophysiological processes occurring in Alzheimer's disease. © 2013-IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved. Source


Gawinecka J.,Medical Center Georg August University | Cardone F.,Istituto Superiore di Sanita | Asif A.R.,Medical Center Georg August University | De Pascalis A.,Istituto Superiore di Sanita | And 4 more authors.
Proteomics | Year: 2012

Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is characterized by wide clinical and pathological variability, which is mainly influenced by the conformation of the misfolded prion protein, and by the methionine and valine polymorphism at codon 129 of the prion protein gene. This heterogeneity likely implies differences in the molecular cascade that leads to the development of certain disease phenotypes. In this study, we investigated the proteome of the frontal cortex of patients with the two most common sCJD subtypes (MM1 and VV2) using 2D-DIGE and MS. Analysis of 2D maps revealed that 46 proteins are differentially expressed in the sCJD. Common differential expression was detected for seven proteins, four showed opposite direction of differential expression, and the remaining ones displayed subtype-specific alteration. The highest number of differentially expressed proteins was associated with signal transduction and neuronal activity. Moreover, functional groups of proteins involved in cell cycle and death, as well as in structure and motility included subtype-specific expressed proteins exclusively. The expression of Rab GDP dissociation inhibitor alpha, which regulates Rab3a-mediated neurotransmitter release, was affected in both sCJD subtypes that were analyzed. Therefore, we also investigated as to whether Rab3a recycling is altered. Indeed, we found an accumulation of the membrane-associated form, thus the active one, which suggests that dysfunction of the Rab3a-mediated exocytosis might be implicated in sCJD pathology. © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source

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