Kermānshāh, Iran
Kermānshāh, Iran

Time filter

Source Type

Yari K.,University of Tehran | Yari K.,Medical Biology Research Center | Fatemi S.S.-A.,Iran National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology | Tavallaei M.,Baqiyatallah Medical Sciences University
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry | Year: 2010

The use of the recombinant BoNT/A-Hc (carboxylic domain of the Clostridium botulinum neurotoxin heavy chain) has been proposed as a vaccine candidate for botulism. This fragment contains the principle protective antigenic determinant. In the present study, in order to maximize recombinant protein expression, after verification of recombinant BoNT/AHc by Western blotting, modified M9 medium was selected as a simple medium, and the operational andmedium- composition variables together with their interactions were optimized by using the Taguchi statistical method. ANOVA for the obtained data indicated that 3.5 g, 15 g, 30 g, 15 g, 4 g, 0.7 mM, 1.5 ml per litre of medium, 30°C and 15 h represented optimum values of (NH4)2SO4, glucose, K2HPO4, KH2PO4, MgSO 4 · 7H2O, isopropyl β-D-thiogalactoside concentration, trace-elements solution, temperature and post-induction time respectively. Consequently, under these optimum conditions, 52.1 mg/l of soluble BoNT/A-Hc was obtained in shake flask culture. © 2010 Portland Press Limited.


Khademi F.,Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences | Khademi F.,Medical Biology Research Center | Mostafaie A.,Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences
Journal of Biochemistry | Year: 2010

Ion-exchange chromatography (IEC) is the most frequently used chromatographic technique for the separation of proteins and peptides. In this article, the effects of urea on IEC separation of kiwifruit actinidin, egg white and urinary proteins were examined. The purity and relative amount of each protein in different conditions (in the presence or absence of urea) were compared with each other. The three parameters, including resolution, selectivity and efficiency of column in the presence of urea, were calculated and compared with the absence of urea. The results revealed that urea improved the purity of proteins and the resolution, selectivity and efficiency of IEC in separation of studied proteins. © The Authors 2009. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Japanese Biochemical Society. All rights reserved.


Rahimi Z.,Medical Biology Research Center
The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians | Year: 2013

To determine the butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) activity and phenotypes in preeclampsia and its possible association with lipid and lipoprotein metabolism and oxidative stress in preeclamptic women. In a case-control study, 101 pregnant women with normal pregnancy and 198 women with preeclampsia from Western Iran were studied. The serum BChE activity and phenotypes were measured using spectrophotometric method. The apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotypes were identified using PCR-RFLP. The serum malondialdehyde (MDA) level and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were determined by HPLC and commercial kits, respectively. The BChE activity and the frequency of non-usual BChE phenotype in preeclamptic women were significantly lower and higher, respectively compared to controls. There was a higher BChE activity in the presence of APOE ε3ε4 compared to ε3ε3 genotype in preeclamptic women. In addition, there were significant positive correlations between BChE activity and the levels of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, total cholesterol (TC) and TAC. However, there was a negative but significant correlation between BChE activity and MDA level. Our study for the first time indicated that BChE activity might be involved in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia through influence on lipid and lipoprotein metabolism and oxidative stress.


Shackebaei D.,Medical Biology Research Center | Godini A.,Medical Biology Research Center | Abolghazi M.,Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences | Majnouni M.,Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences | Hesari M.,Medical Biology Research Center
Iranian Cardiovascular Research Journal | Year: 2010

Background: Urtica dioica (U.D) has widely been used in traditional medicine for its hypotensive and vasodilatory effects. The objective of this study was to clarify the effects of aqueous extract of Urtica dioica on isolated ischemia- reperfused heart. Methods: The heart of male wistar rats were isolated and perfused according to langendorff method. In the control group (n = 13) the hearts were subjected to three steps of stabilization (30 min), normothermic global ischemia (40 min) and reperfusion (45 min). In addition, before and after ischemia, the aqueous extract of U.D (200 mg/ml) was added to perfusion solution in the test group (n=14). Different cardiac variables including left ventricular pressure, heart rate and coronary flow were measured and rate pressure product was calculated. Results: Results showed that left ventricular pressure (59.11±4.7) and rate pressure product (13680±1136) in 45th minute of reperfusion in the test group were significantly (P=0.0187 and 0.0321 respectively) greater than the control group (39.1±6.0, 9480±1480) respectively. These findings indicated decreased cardiac damage following ischemia in the test group, compared with that of control group. Conclusion: Results of the present study showed that the aqueous extract of U.D, increased the tolerance of isolated rat hearts against ischemic damage. This effect can be explained by potent antioxidant activity of the U.D extract, suggesting its clinical use in ischemic heart disease.


Rahimi Z.,Medical Biology Research Center | Mozafari H.,Medical Biology Research Center | Shahriari-Ahmadi A.,Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences | Alimogaddam K.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | And 5 more authors.
Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis | Year: 2010

The aim of present study was to investigate the prevalence of factor V Leiden (FVL) c.1691G>A, prothrombin g.20210G>A and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) c.677C>T in deep vein thrombosis (DVT) patients and their possible association with DVT in western Iran. Eighty DVT patients with the mean age of 42.07 ± 13.0 years including 44 women and 36 men and 100 sex-matched healthy individuals with the mean age of 37.63 ± 13.3 years from Kermanshah Province of Iran with ethnic background of Kurd were studied for FVL c.1691G>A, prothrombin g.20210G>A and MTHFR c.677C>T by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method using MnlI, HindIII and HinfI restriction enzymes, respectively. Prevalence of FVL was 11.4% in patients and 2% in control group. A significant association was found between FVL mutation and DVT with odds ratio (OR) of 6.3 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.32-30.05; P = 0.012]. The prevalence of prothrombin g.20210G>A variant in patients (3.8%) was nonsignificantly higher than control individuals (1.0%; OR 3.8; 95% CI = 0.39-37.81; P = 0.32). The prevalence of MTHFR c.677C>T in patients was 38.7% that was not statistically different from control group (44% P = 0.12). Venous thrombosis in legs was the most frequent clinical manifestation (n = 75), corresponding to 93.8% of the thromboembolism, followed by pulmonary thromboembolism (6.2%). We have, for the first time, determined the prevalence of inherited thrombophilia in a homogenous ethnic group of DVT patients and shown that FVL may be a risk factor for DVT in western Iran. © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Rahimi Z.,Medical Biology Research Center | Rahimi Z.,Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences | Vaisi-Raygani A.,Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences | Parsian A.,U.S. National Institutes of Health
Nephrology | Year: 2012

Aim: The present study investigated the influence of insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphism of the angiotensin II-converting enzyme (ACE) gene in combination with endothelial nitric oxide (eNOS) G894T polymorphism on the predisposition to diabetic nephropathy (DN). Methods: Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method, the ACE and eNOS polymorphisms were genotyped in 72 microalbuminuric, 68 macroalbuminuric and 72 normoalbuinuric type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients from Western Iran. Results: The presence of eNOS T or ACE D allele was not associated with increased risk of macroalbuminuria (odds ratio (OR) = 1.36, P = 0.27 and OR = 1.6, P = 0.062, respectively). However, in the presence of both alleles there was a trend towards increased risk of macroalbuminuria (fivefold, P = 0.05). Conclusion: Our study indicates that the concomitant presence of both ACE D and eNOS T alleles tends to be associated with an elevation risk of macroalbuminuria compared with the presence of each polymorphism alone. This risk could be attributed to the increasing activity of ACE and angiotensin II level in the presence of D allele and decreasing NO production in the presence of T allele accelerating diabetic nephropathy. The identification of genetic markers predicting progression in chronic kidney disease would help tailor treatment and predict renal prognosis. In this issue, a study from Western Iran demonstrates that eNOS T combined with an ACE D allele is associated with an increased risk of macroalbuminuria in type 2 diabetes. © 2011 Asian Pacific Society of Nephrology.


Rahimi Z.,Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences | Rahimi Z.,Medical Biology Research Center | Ahmadian Z.,Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences | Akramipour R.,Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2012

In order to determine the influence of polymorphism in thymidylate synthase (TS 28-bp repeat) and methionine synthase (MS A2756G) genes on the susceptibility to acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), 73 children with ALL and 128 age and sex matched unrelated healthy individuals from the Kermanshah Province of Iran were screened. The genotyping of TS 28-bp repeat and MS A2756G polymorphisms were performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and PCR-RFLP, respectively. The frequency of TS 2R allele in patients and controls were 41.5 and 38%, respectively (Odds ratios (OR) = 1.13, 95%CI 0.73-1.74, P = 0.56). The allelic frequency of G allele of MS was higher (25%) in patients compared with healthy subjects (23%) (OR = 1.09, 95%CI 0.67-1.75, P = 0.71). Considering MS AA and TS 3R3R genotypes as reference indicated that individuals with MS GG ? TS 2R2R genotypes have 1.3-fold increase in the risk of ALL (OR = 1.3, 95%CI 0.6-2.7, P = 0.5). Our results showed that neither TS 28-bp repeat nor MS A2756G polymorphisms are risk factors for susceptibility to ALL in Western Iran. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011.


The present study investigated the influence of insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphism of the angiotensin II-converting enzyme (ACE) gene in combination with endothelial nitric oxide (eNOS) G894T polymorphism on the predisposition to diabetic nephropathy (DN).Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method, the ACE and eNOS polymorphisms were genotyped in 72 microalbuminuric, 68 macroalbuminuric and 72 normoalbuinuric type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients from Western Iran.The presence of eNOS T or ACE D allele was not associated with increased risk of macroalbuminuria (odds ratio (OR) = 1.36, P = 0.27 and OR = 1.6, P = 0.062, respectively). However, in the presence of both alleles there was a trend towards increased risk of macroalbuminuria (fivefold, P = 0.05).Our study indicates that the concomitant presence of both ACE D and eNOS T alleles tends to be associated with an elevation risk of macroalbuminuria compared with the presence of each polymorphism alone. This risk could be attributed to the increasing activity of ACE and angiotensin II level in the presence of D allele and decreasing NO production in the presence of T allele accelerating diabetic nephropathy.

Loading Medical Biology Research Center collaborators
Loading Medical Biology Research Center collaborators