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Ripoll E.,Idibellhospital Universitari Of Bellvitge | Merino A.,Idibellhospital Universitari Of Bellvitge | Goma M.,Hospital Universitari Of Bellvitge | Aran J.M.,Medical and Molecular Genetics Center | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Lupus nephritis (LN) is an autoimmune disorder in which co-stimulatory signals have been involved. Here we tested a cholesterol-conjugated-anti-CD40-siRNA in dendritic cells (DC) in vitro and in a model of LPS to check its potency and tissue distribution. Then, we report the effects of Chol-siRNA in an experimental model of mice with established lupus nephritis. Our in vitro studies in DC show a 100%intracellular delivery of Chol-siRNA, with a significant reduction in CD40 after LPS stimuli. In vivo in ICR mice, the CD40-mRNA suppressive effects of our Chol-siRNA on renal tissue were remarkably sustained over a 5 days after a single preliminary dose of Chol-siRNA. The intra-peritoneal administration of Chol-siRNA to NZB/WF1 mice resulted in a reduction of anti-DNA antibody titers, and histopathological renal scores as compared to untreated animals. The higher dose of Chol-siRNA prevented the progression of proteinuria as effectively as cyclophosphamide, whereas the lower dose was as effective as CTLA4. Chol-siRNA markedly reduced insterstitialCD3+ and plasma cell infiltrates as well as glomerular deposits of IgG and C3. Circulating soluble CD40 and activated splenic lymphocyte subsets were also strikingly reduced by Chol-siRNA. Our data show the potency of our compound for the therapeutic use of anti-CD40-siRNA in human LN and other autoimmune disorders. © 2013 Ripoll et al. Source

Terribas E.,Medical and Molecular Genetics Center | Terribas E.,Institute Of Medicina Predictiva I Personalitzada Del Cancer Imppc | Bonache S.,Medical and Molecular Genetics Center | Garcia-Arevalo M.,Medical and Molecular Genetics Center | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Andrology | Year: 2010

DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes have been described to participate in crossover events during meiotic recombination, which is, in turn, a key step of spermatogenesis. This evidence suggests that MMR family gene expression may be altered in infertile men with defective sperm production. In order to determine the expression profile of MMR genes in impaired human spermatogenesis, we performed transcript levels analysis of MMR genes (MLH1, MLH3, PMS2, MSH4, and MSH5), and other meiosis-involved genes (ATR, HSPA2, and SYCP3) as controls, by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in testis from 13 patients with spermatogenic failure, 5 patients with primary germ cell tumors, and 10 controls with conserved spermatogenesis. Correlation of the expression values with the histological findings was also performed. The MMR gene expression values, with the exception of PMS2, are significantly decreased in men with spermatogenic failure. The pattern of MMR reduction correlates with the severity of damage, being maximum in maturation arrest. Specifically, expression of the testicular MSH4 gene could be useful as a surrogate marker for the presence of intratesticular elongated spermatid in patients with nonobstructive azoospermia, contributing to predict the viability of assisted reproduction. Interestingly, a reduction in the MSH4 and MSH5 transcript concentration per spermatocyte was also observed. The decreased expression level of other meiosis-specific genes, such as HSPA2 and SYCP3, suggests that the spermatocyte capacity to express meiosis-related genes is markedly reduced in spermatogenic failure, contributing to meiosis impairment and spermatogenic blockade. Copyright © American Society of Andrology. Source

Quemener S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Quemener S.,University of Western Brittany | Quemener S.,Brest University Hospital Center | Chen J.-M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 20 more authors.
Human Mutation | Year: 2010

Over the last 20 years since the discovery of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, more than 1,600 different putatively pathological CFTR mutations have been identified. Until now, however, copy number mutations (CNMs) involving the CFTR gene have not been methodically analyzed, resulting almost certainly in the underascertainment of CFTR gene duplications compared with deletions. Here, high-resolution array comparative genomic hybridization (averaging one interrogating probe every 95 bp) was used to analyze the entire length of the CFTR gene (189 kb) in 233 cystic fibrosis chromosomes lacking conventional mutations. We succeeded in identifying five duplication CNMs that would otherwise have been refractory to analysis. Based upon findings from this and other studies, we propose that deletion and duplication CNMs in the human autosomal genome are likely to be generated in the proportion of approximately 2-3:1. We further postulate that intragenic gene duplication CNMs in other disease loci may have been routinely underascertained. Finally, our analysis of ±20 bp flanking each of the 40 CFTR breakpoints characterized at the DNA sequence level provide support for the emerging concept that non-B DNA conformations in combination with specific sequence motifs predispose to both recurring and nonrecurring genomic rearrangements. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Source

Steiner B.,University of Zurich | Rosendahl J.,University of Leipzig | Witt H.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | Teich N.,Internistische Gemeinschaftspraxis fur Verdauungs und Stoffwechselerkrankungen | And 21 more authors.
Human Mutation | Year: 2011

CFTR mutations enhance susceptibility for idiopathic chronic pancreatitis (ICP) and congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD); however, it is unknown why CFTR heterozygotes are at increased disease risk. We recently showed that common CFTR variants are associated with aberrantly spliced transcripts. Here, we genotyped for common CFTR variants and tested for associations in two ICP (ICP-A: 126 patients, 319 controls; ICP-B: 666 patients, 1,181 controls) and a CBAVD population (305 patients, 319 controls). Haplotype H10 (TG11-T7-470V) conferred protection (ICP-A: OR 0.19, P<0.0001; ICP-B: OR 0.78, P = 0.06; CBAVD OR 0.08, P<0.001), whereas haplotype H3 (TG10-T7-470M) increased disease risk (ICP-A: OR 8.34, P = 0.003; ICP-B: OR 1.88, P = 0.007; CBAVD: OR 5.67, P = 0.01). The risk of heterozygous CFTR mutations carriers for ICP (OR 2.44, P<0.001) and CBAVD (OR 14.73, P<0.001) was fully abrogated by the H10/H10 genotype. Similarly, ICP risk of heterozygous p.Asn34Ser SPINK1 mutation carriers (OR 10.34, P<0.001) was compensated by H10/H10. Thus, common CFTR haplotypes modulate ICP and CBAVD susceptibility alone and in heterozygous CFTR and p.Asn34Ser mutation carriers. Determination of these haplotypes helps to stratify carriers into high- and low-risk subjects, providing helpful information for genetic counseling. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Source

Ramos M.D.,Molecular Diagnosis Center | Masvidal L.,Medical and Molecular Genetics Center | Gimenez J.,Molecular Diagnosis Center | Bieth E.,Service de genetique medicale | And 5 more authors.
Annals of Human Genetics | Year: 2010

Developments in quantitative PCR technologies have greatly improved our ability to detect large genome rearrangements. In particular oligonucleotide-based array comparative genomic hybridisation has become a useful tool for appropriate and rapid detection of breakpoints. In this work, we have analysed 80 samples (42 unknown CF alleles) applying three quantitative technologies (MLPA, qPCR and array-CGH) to detect recurrent as well as novel large rearrangements in the Spanish CF population. Three deletions and one duplication have been identified in five alleles (12%). Interestingly, we provide the comprehensive characterisation of the first duplication in our CF cohort. The new CFTRdupProm-3 mutation spans 35.7 kb involving the 5′-end of the CFTR gene. Additionally, the RNA analysis has revealed a cryptic sequence with a premature termination codon leading to a disrupted protein. This duplication has been identified in five unrelated families from Spain, France and Italy with all patients showing the same associated haplotype, which is further evidence for its likely common Mediterranean origin. Overall, considering this and other previous studies, CFTR rearrangements account for 1.3% of the Spanish CF alleles. © 2010 The Authors Annals of Human Genetics © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd/University College London. Source

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