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Steiner B.,University of Zürich | Rosendahl J.,University of Leipzig | Witt H.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | Teich N.,Internistische Gemeinschaftspraxis fur Verdauungs und Stoffwechselerkrankungen | And 21 more authors.
Human Mutation | Year: 2011

CFTR mutations enhance susceptibility for idiopathic chronic pancreatitis (ICP) and congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD); however, it is unknown why CFTR heterozygotes are at increased disease risk. We recently showed that common CFTR variants are associated with aberrantly spliced transcripts. Here, we genotyped for common CFTR variants and tested for associations in two ICP (ICP-A: 126 patients, 319 controls; ICP-B: 666 patients, 1,181 controls) and a CBAVD population (305 patients, 319 controls). Haplotype H10 (TG11-T7-470V) conferred protection (ICP-A: OR 0.19, P<0.0001; ICP-B: OR 0.78, P = 0.06; CBAVD OR 0.08, P<0.001), whereas haplotype H3 (TG10-T7-470M) increased disease risk (ICP-A: OR 8.34, P = 0.003; ICP-B: OR 1.88, P = 0.007; CBAVD: OR 5.67, P = 0.01). The risk of heterozygous CFTR mutations carriers for ICP (OR 2.44, P<0.001) and CBAVD (OR 14.73, P<0.001) was fully abrogated by the H10/H10 genotype. Similarly, ICP risk of heterozygous p.Asn34Ser SPINK1 mutation carriers (OR 10.34, P<0.001) was compensated by H10/H10. Thus, common CFTR haplotypes modulate ICP and CBAVD susceptibility alone and in heterozygous CFTR and p.Asn34Ser mutation carriers. Determination of these haplotypes helps to stratify carriers into high- and low-risk subjects, providing helpful information for genetic counseling. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Ramos M.D.,Molecular Diagnosis Center | Masvidal L.,Medical and Molecular Genetics Center | Gimenez J.,Molecular Diagnosis Center | Bieth E.,Service de Genetique Medicale | And 5 more authors.
Annals of Human Genetics | Year: 2010

Developments in quantitative PCR technologies have greatly improved our ability to detect large genome rearrangements. In particular oligonucleotide-based array comparative genomic hybridisation has become a useful tool for appropriate and rapid detection of breakpoints. In this work, we have analysed 80 samples (42 unknown CF alleles) applying three quantitative technologies (MLPA, qPCR and array-CGH) to detect recurrent as well as novel large rearrangements in the Spanish CF population. Three deletions and one duplication have been identified in five alleles (12%). Interestingly, we provide the comprehensive characterisation of the first duplication in our CF cohort. The new CFTRdupProm-3 mutation spans 35.7 kb involving the 5′-end of the CFTR gene. Additionally, the RNA analysis has revealed a cryptic sequence with a premature termination codon leading to a disrupted protein. This duplication has been identified in five unrelated families from Spain, France and Italy with all patients showing the same associated haplotype, which is further evidence for its likely common Mediterranean origin. Overall, considering this and other previous studies, CFTR rearrangements account for 1.3% of the Spanish CF alleles. © 2010 The Authors Annals of Human Genetics © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd/University College London.

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