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Curitiba, Brazil

The method of quantitation of polychromatophilic cell is routinely used in veterinary clinical laboratories to identify the bone marrow response. However, there is no standardization of this approach over the absolute reticulocyte count. The present study evaluated blood samples from 135 anemic dogs and 21 healthy dogs. CBC and quantification of reticulocytes and polychromatophilic cell were performed. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and Kappa of the polychromatophilic cell count were, respectively, 86.11%, 87.5%, 87.12% and 71%. The Pearson correlation coefficient (r) was 0.8125 and the coefficient of determination equation (R2) was 0.6603, between the number of polychromatophilic cell and reticulocytes. The identification of two polychromatophilic cells per field could allow a differentiation between regenerative and nonregenerative anemia, but it was not possible to associate it to the absolute reticulocyte count and classify the intensity of regeneration of anemia. Source

Fonseca J.B.,State University of Norte Fluminense | Takata F.N.,Medica Veterinaria Autonoma | Rabello C.B.V.,University of Pernambuco | Lombardi C.T.,State University of Norte Fluminense
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia | Year: 2010

The values of the apparent metabolizable energy (AME), the apparent metabolizable energy corrected for nitrogen retention (AME n), and the apparent metabolization coefficient of crude energy (AMCCE) were determined in corn, sorghum, soybean meal, corn gluten meal, and refined soybean oil. Two-hundred and forty six-day-old female Japanese quails (Coturnix japonica) were used in a completely randomized design, with five replicates and eight quails per experimental unit. The treatments consisted of six experimental diets and one reference diet. Each experimental diet was constituted, as fed basis, for 70% of the reference ration and 30% of food that would be tested, except the ration that contained refined soybean oil that was tested, as fed basis, with 10% of addition and 90% of the reference ration. The biological assay was carried out in wired floor cages distributed in iron batteries. The respective values of AME, AMEn (kcal/kg of natural matter basis), and AMCCE (%) of ground corn, sorghum, soybean meal, corn gluten meal, and refined soybean oil were respectively: 3,572, 3,612kcal/kg, and 92.6%; 3,108, 3,149kcal/kg, and 80.9%; 2,633, 2,676kcal/kg, and 65.3%; 4,043, 4,096kcal/kg, and 75.0%; and 9,335, 9,379kcal/kg, and 98.8%. The values of AME described for other birds species were different from those obtained in this study and are not recommended to be used in ration composition for Japanese quails. Source

Minas frescal cheese was produced in three different procedures: traditional manufacturing; with the addition of lactic acid; and with Lactobacillus acidophilus. Cheeses samples were analyzed for composition, and during the stock period of 30 days for acidity and L. acidophilus count. The sensory analysis was carried out through sensory affective methods. The composition of cheeses in different treatments presented results in accordance to the standards expected for the product, except for fat content, which was higher in cheese with the addition of lactic acid. During the stock period, an increase of titulable acidity in all treatments was observed. The L. acidophilus count was above 10 8UFC/g, characterizing sufficient population to classify the cheese as a probiotic food. At the sensory analysis, it was attested that the cheese which had the addition of probiotic was preferred among the tasters. The Minas Frescal cheese was appropriate for incorporation of probiotic and the use of L. acidophilus in cheese improved the sensory quality and did not alter the physicochemical parameters. Source

In order to increase accuracy and reduce the subjectivity in the evaluation of radiographies, several methods have emerged. The most accepted of these methods is the Vertebral Heart Size method (VHS), or the heart's size versus the thoracic vertebra's unit. The intention of this research was to apply the VHS measurement method in clinically healthy American pit bull terrier, with the purpose of establishing the average VHS for this breed. Chest x-rays in lateral projection were taken, and these were empirically evaluated and measured so that a VHS value was obtained, as well as the thoracic depth/ width (D/W) relation for each animal. None of the animals had abnormal results when evaluated via empiric analysis. VHS values had a normal distribution, as did D/W relations, with an average of 10.9±0,4 vertebrae for VHS and 0.80±0,07 for D/ W relations. VHS values showed a significant difference (P>0.05) when compared to the results obtained by BUCHANAN & BÜCHELER (1995). However, VHS values in this study are similar to those described by several other authors, confirming the need to establish values of VHS for each breed. Source

Mello G.W.S.,Federal University of Piaui | Oliveira D.M.,Federal University of Campina Grande | Carvalho C.J.S.,Federal University of Piaui | Cavalcante M.V.F.L.,Medica Veterinaria Autonoma | And 3 more authors.
Toxicon | Year: 2010

Farmers report that the pods of Luetzelburgia auriculata cause digestive signs and death when ingested by goats. To demonstrate the toxicity of the pods of this plant 12 goats were divided into 4 groups of 3 goats each. Groups 1, 2, 3 and 4 were administered 2.5, 1, 0.5 and nil g of pods per kg body weight, respectively. Goats in Groups 1 and 2 developed decreased ruminal movements followed by anorexia, depression and soft feces or diarrhea. Goats in Group 1 died 59-106 h after first showing clinical signs. Goats in Group 2 also regurgitated rumen content, but all recovered 65-90 h after first showing clinical signs. The only clinical sign shown by goats in Group 3 was regurgitation of rumen content, and all goats recovered 5.5-24 h after first regurgitating. All goats in Group 4 remained normal. The goats that died were necropsied and found to have a reddish mucosa of the forestomachs that detached easily from the underlying tissues. Other lesions included diffuse reddening of the mucosa of the abomasum and intestine. Histological examination of the mucosa of the forestomachs showed diffuse ballooning degeneration of keratinocytes, with necrosis and vesicle and pustule formation in the epithelium. In some areas there was sloughing of the ruminal epithelium. These results demonstrate that the pods of L. auriculata are toxic and responsible for field outbreaks of poisoning in goats in the state of Piaui. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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