Experimental lamellar keratoplasty in rabbits using microfibrilar cellulose membrane. Clinical, morphological and immunohistochemical findings [Ceratoplastia lamelar experimental em coelhos usando membrana microfibrilar de celulose. Achados clínicos, morfológicos e imunoistoquímicos]
Macedo L.R.,Medica veterinaria autonoma. Petoftalmovet |
Ribeiro A.P.,São Paulo State University |
da Conceicao L.F.,São Paulo State University |
Galera P.D.,University of Brasilia |
Laus J.L.,São Paulo State University
Ciencia Rural | Year: 2010
The clinical, histopathological and immunohistochemical features of the cornea were investigated in adult male New Zealand rabbits submitted to lamellar keratoplasty with microfibrillar cellulose membrane. Thirty animals were divided into five groups (n=6) and evaluated up to 60 days after surgery. Clinical examination revealed moderate manifestations of edema, blepharospasm and photophobia on the second day, which became mild or disappeared after the seventh day. This period was characterized clinically by repair of the corneal defect. Histopathological analysis showed the presence of a thin layer of squamous cells covering the damaged area as early as 7th day, accompanied by a mild infiltrate of polymorphonuclear cells. Blood vessels were observed in the epithelium after the 15th day, which had regressed by day 48. Ki67 antibody labeling showed an increase of proliferating cells in the epithelium by the 15th day and in the stroma by day 30. Remodeling and epithelial adhesion were observed during this period. Microfibrillar cellulose membrane (Bionext®) used for lamellar keratoplasty was found to yield good results considering the good integration of the implant.