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Wassertheurer S.,AIT Austrian Institute of Technology | Kropf J.,AIT Austrian Institute of Technology | Weber T.,Klinikum Wels Grieskirchen | Weber T.,Paracelsus Medical University | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Human Hypertension | Year: 2010

In the European Society of Cardiology-European Society of Hypertension guidelines of the year 2007, the consequences of arterial stiffness and wave reflection on cardiovascular mortality have a major role. But the investigators claimed the poor availability of devices/methods providing easy and widely suitable measuring of arterial wall stiffness or their surrogates like augmentation index (AIx) or aortic systolic blood pressure (aSBP). The aim of this study was the validation of a novel method determining AIx and aSBP based on an oscillometric method using a common cuff (ARCSolver) against a validated tonometric system (SphygmoCor). aSBP and AIx measured with the SphygmoCor and ARCSolver method were compared for 302 subjects. The mean age was 56 years with an s.d. of 20 years. At least two iterations were performed in each session. This resulted in 749 measurements. For aSBP the mean difference was 0.1 mm Hg with an s.d. of 3.1 mm Hg. The mean difference for AIx was 1.2% with an s.d. of 7.9%. There was no significant difference in reproducibility of AIx for both methods. The variation estimate of inter- and intraobserver measurements was 6.3% for ARCSolver and 7.5% for SphygmoCor. The ARCSolver method is a novel method determining AIx and aSBP based on an oscillometric system with a cuff. The results agree with common accepted tonometric measurements. Its application is easy and for widespread use. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Source


Tolle M.,Med. Klinik Mit SP Nephrologie | Huang T.,Med. Klinik Mit SP Nephrologie | Schuchardt M.,Med. Klinik Mit SP Nephrologie | Jankowski V.,Med. Klinik Mit SP Nephrologie | And 5 more authors.
Cardiovascular Research | Year: 2012

Aims: High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is known to have potent anti-inflammatory properties. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 is an important pro-inflammatory cytokine in early atherogenesis. There is evidence that HDL can lose its protective function during inflammatory disease. In patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), epidemiological studies have documented that the inverse correlation between HDL-cholesterol and cardiovascular risk is lost. Many structural modifications leading to reduced HDL function have been characterized, but the functional consequences are not fully understood. Methods and results: We showed that HDL from patients with ESRD has a lower anti-inflammatory potential by reduced inhibition of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 formation in vascular smooth muscle cells. Via a proteomic approach, we identified proteins in HDL from ESRD patients exerting pro-inflammatory actions. By chromatographic separation of proteins and mass-spectrometric analysis, we found serum amyloid A (SAA) to be one molecule acting as a potent pro-inflammatory protein. SAA is enriched in HDL from ESRD patients, correlating with reduced anti-inflammatory capacity. In SAA signal transduction, activation of formyl-peptide receptor 2 is involved. SAA enrichment in HDL of healthy subjects reduced the anti-inflammatory capacity of HDL and correlated with its decreased function. Conclusion: These results suggest that SAA enrichment of HDL during disease conditions contributes to the decreased protective function. It is a novel finding that SAA acts as a pro-inflammatory molecule to reduce the anti-inflammatory properties of HDL. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2012. Source

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