England J.T.,MDS Research Program |
Zhang L.,MDS Research Program |
Buckstein R.,MDS Research Program |
Lenis M.,MDS Research Program |
And 3 more authors.
Leukemia Research | Year: 2013
We examined the prognostic impact of SES, estimated by census median household income, in 312 adult MDS patients. Age, progression to AML, use of recombinant erythropoietin, WHO diagnosis and IPSS risk category were independent predictors of survival but there was no association between SES and survival. Unexpectedly, progression to AML was more prevalent in the highest income quartile (HR 3.96 for highest vs. lowest; p= 0.0032). The previously demonstrated association of low SES with poor outcome MDS in the United States may have been driven primarily by reduced access to care rather than other SES-linked factors such as co-morbidity. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.