Knutsen A.R.,Md Orthopaedic Research Center At Orthopaedic Institute For Children |
Knutsen A.R.,University of California at Los Angeles |
Borkowski S.L.,Md Orthopaedic Research Center At Orthopaedic Institute For Children |
Borkowski S.L.,University of California at Los Angeles |
And 6 more authors.
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials | Year: 2015
Recently, as an alternative to metal spinal fusion cages, 3D printed bioresorbable materials have been explored; however, the static and fatigue properties of these novel cages are not well known. Unfortunately, current ASTM testing standards used to determine these properties were designed prior to the advent of bioresorbable materials for cages. Therefore, the applicability of these standards for bioresorbable materials is unknown. In this study, an image-based topology and a conventional 3D printed bioresorbable poly(ε)-caprolactone (PCL) cervical cage design were tested in compression, compression-shear, and torsion, to establish their static and fatigue properties. Difficulties were in fact identified in establishing failure criteria and in particular determining compressive failure load. Given these limitations, under static loads, both designs withstood loads of over 650. N in compression, 395. N in compression-shear, and 0.25. Nm in torsion, prior to yielding. Under dynamic testing, both designs withstood 5 million (5. M) cycles of compression at 125% of their respective yield forces. Geometry significantly affected both the static and fatigue properties of the cages. The measured compressive yield loads fall within the reported physiological ranges; consequently, these PCL bioresorbable cages would likely require supplemental fixation. Most importantly, supplemental testing methods may be necessary beyond the current ASTM standards, to provide more accurate and reliable results, ultimately improving preclinical evaluation of these devices. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.