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The Hague, Netherlands

Hartman J.E.,University of Groningen | Boezen H.M.,University of Groningen | Zuidema M.J.,McRoberts | De Greef M.H.G.,University of Groningen | Ten Hacken N.H.T.,University of Groningen
Respiration | Year: 2014

Background: Physical activity recommendations are hardly studied in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and specifically recommendations that are individualized to a patient's aerobic fitness level are not studied. Objectives: To compare individualized (relative) and nonindividualized (absolute) physical activity recommendations in patients with COPD and to assess whether there are differences between patients with mild to moderate and (very) severe COPD. Methods: We compared 7 different physical activity recommendations that were described in the literature. Four recommendations were individualized based on the patient's aerobic fitness level measured by a maximal cycle ergometer test. Three recommendations were nonindividualized. The recommendations were measured with an accelerometer, pedometer or questionnaire in 115 patients with mild to very severe COPD (68% male, mean age 65 years, mean FEV1 58% predicted). Results: The percentage of patients that met the different recommendations ranged from 22 to 86% and only 8 patients met all 7 recommendations. The agreement between the different recommendations was poor (intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.28). Individualizing the recommendations resulted in a higher number of patients with severe or very severe COPD meeting the individualized recommendations compared to the nonindividualized recommendations. In contrast, patients with mild to moderate COPD less frequently met the individualized recommendations. Conclusions: Our study showed that applying various physical activity recommendations with small differences in frequency, intensity or time led to large differences in the classification of patients with COPD into being sufficiently physically active or not. Consequently, the used recommendation will highly affect the proposed physical activity advice to the patient. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source


Trademark
Mcroberts | Date: 2015-04-20

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Maetzler W.,University of Tubingen | Maetzler W.,German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases | Maetzler W.,Robert Bosch GmbH | Mancini M.,University of Bologna | And 13 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Background: The search for disease-modifying treatments for Parkinson's disease advances, however necessary markers for early detection of the disease are still lacking. There is compelling evidence that changes of postural stability occur at very early clinical stages of Parkinson's disease, making it tempting to speculate that changes in sway performance may even occur at a prodromal stage, and may have the potential to serve as a prodromal marker for the disease. Methodology/Principal Findings: Balance performance was tested in 20 individuals with an increased risk of Parkinson's disease, 12 Parkinson's disease patients and 14 controls using a cross-sectional approach. All individuals were 50 years or older. Investigated groups were similar with respect to age, gender, and height. An accelerometer at the centre of mass at the lower spine quantified sway during quiet semitandem stance with eyes open and closed, as well as with and without foam. With increasing task difficulty, individuals with an increased risk of Parkinson's disease showed an increased variability of trunk acceleration and a decrease of smoothness of sway, compared to both other groups. These differences reached significance in the most challenging condition, i.e. the eyes closed with foam condition. Conclusions/Significance: Individuals with an increased risk of Parkinson's disease have subtle signs of a balance deficit under most challenging conditions. This preliminary finding should motivate further studies on sway performance in individuals with an increased risk of Parkinson's disease, to evaluate the potential of this symptom to serve as a biological marker for prodromal Parkinson's disease. © 2012 Maetzler et al. Source


Louter M.,Donders Institute for Brain | Louter M.,Sleep Medicine Center Kempenhaeghe | Maetzler W.,University of Tubingen | Prinzen J.,McRoberts | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry | Year: 2015

A9 Introduction There is a need for prodromal markers to diagnose Parkinson's disease (PD) as early as possible. Knowing that most patients with overt PD have abnormal nocturnal movement patterns, we hypothesised that such changes might occur already in non-PD individuals with a potentially high risk for future development of the disease. Methods Eleven patients with early PD (Hoehn & Yahr stage ≤2.5), 13 healthy controls and 33 subjects with a high risk of developing PD (HR-PD) were investigated. HR-PD was defined by the occurrence of hyperechogenicity of the substantia nigra in combination with prodromal markers (eg, slight motor signs, olfactory dysfunction). A triaxial accelerometer was used to quantify nocturnal movements during two nights per study participant. Outcome measurements included mean acceleration, and qualitative axial movement parameters, such as duration and speed. Results Mean acceleration of nocturnal movements was lower in patients with PD compared to controls. Frequency and speed of axial movements did not differ between patients with PD and controls, but mean size and duration were lower in PD. The HR-PD group did not significantly differ from the control group in any of the parameters analysed. Conclusions Compared with controls, patients with PD had an overall decreased mean acceleration, as well as smaller and shorter nocturnal axial movements. These changes did not occur in our potential HR-PD individuals, suggesting that relevant axial movement alterations during sleep have either not developed or cannot be detected by the means applied in this at-risk cohort. Source


Van Lummel R.C.,McRoberts | Ainsworth E.,McRoberts | Lindemann U.,Robert Bosch GmbH | Zijlstra W.,University of Groningen | And 3 more authors.
Gait and Posture | Year: 2013

Much is known about the sit-to-stand (STS) and its biomechanics. Currently, however, there is little opportunity for instrumented quantification of the STS as part of screening or diagnosis in clinical practice. The objectives of the present study were to describe the feasibility of using an automated approach for quantifying the STS using one sensor location and to start testing the discriminative validity of this approach by comparing older and younger adults. 15 older subjects recruited from a residential care home and 16 young adults performed 5 repeated sit-to-stand and stand-to-sit movements. They were instrumented with a small and lightweight measurement system (DynaPort®) containing 1 triaxial seismic accelerometer and 3 uniaxial gyroscopes fixed in a belt around the waist. Durations of the (sub-)phases of the STS were analyzed and maximum angular velocities were determined. All successful STS cycles were automatically detected without any errors. The STS duration in the older adults was significantly longer and more variable in all phases (i.e., sit-to-stand, standing, stand-to-sit and sitting) compared to the young adults. Older adults also exhibited lower trunk flexion angular velocity. The results of this first fully automated analysis of instrumented repeated STS movements demonstrate that several STS parameters can be identified that provide a basis for a more precise, quantitative study of STS performance in clinical practice. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

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