Innsbruck, Austria
Innsbruck, Austria

MCI Management Center Innsbruck is an educational institution in Austria offering study programs leading to Bachelor and Master degrees as well as Executive Master programs , Executive Certificate programs, Management seminars, Customized programs and research. Wikipedia.

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Moeltner L.,MCI Management Center Innsbruck | Hohensinner M.,MSConsulting | Schallhart V.,MCI Management Center Innsbruck
SAE Technical Papers | Year: 2016

The selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of nitrogen oxides (NOx) is the most promising technique to meet prospective emission regulations of diesel-driven commercial vehicles. Due to the installation of SCR- systems downstream of both the oxidation catalyst and the particulate filter, the relatively long light-off phase after engine startup limits the overall efficiency of reducing emissions. Another challenge is the fact that, once the light-off temperature is achieved it must be maintained. In particular, the operation of urban busses with highly transient load profiles involves many phases of idling with low exhaust gas temperatures (e.g., during bus stops and/or at traffic lights). In contrast to previous studies, these investigations combine properties of catalysts determined in the course of experiments with the simulation of real operational profiles. The thermal characteristics and NOx- conversion of SCR- catalysts for three different driving cycles of urban busses - which cover typical load spectra of stop-and-go traffic, regular city traffic, and bus routes with extra-urban segments - are investigated. A comparative screening of catalysts on an engine test bench identified input parameters regarding NOx- conversion and properties of the exhaust gas. These data were then used in a validated numerical model capable of describing the progress of temperature for each component in the exhaust gas system and the NOx- conversion in the catalyst for several types of catalytic converters applied in various driving cycles or bus routes. The influence of start-stop operations was analyzed precisely. Furthermore, the results demonstrate significant differences of NOx-emissions for the observed driving cycles and catalysts. Copyright © 2016 SAE International.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: COH-2007-2.2-01-OMC-NET | Award Amount: 1.02M | Year: 2010

EuKTS addresses directly the 1st and 2nd CREST recommendations (Rec) in particular regarding: Need for providing adequate professional Knowledge Transfer (KT)/Technology Transfer (TT) training/education Rec 15, 17 and 18 from 1st Cycle and Rec 4 and 6 from 2nd Cycle from OMC CREST Expert Group on IPR and Research Need for providing quality KT/TT data through common survey and data collection Rec 13, 14 and 15 from OMC-Crest Expert Group Encourage the reform of public research centres and universities, 2nd cycle Need for organisation with KT/TT training and metrics functionality Rec 6 from OMC-Crest the Expert Group on IPR and Research, 1st Cycle EuKTS also directly follow up KT/TT recommendations made by the European Commission and accepted by the Member States at Council meeting Competitiveness on May 29th 2008 (Rec 3 and 14) EuKTS is a bottom-up initiative by the participating countries and stakeholders, which aims to complement OMC-CREST process by: Designing of European Knowledge Transfer Society (EuKTS) model with the aim to support the European R&D policy by the co-ordination of the major existing professional associations/networks and the enhancement of efficiency in providing KT metrics /focused on training & Porfession) and training standards in technology transfer field. Creating support through a bottom-up approach for EuKTS model by the involvement of policy makers in consultation procedures at European level Creating broad European support for enhancement of a common KT/TT metrics system focused on training & profession as mean to strengthen the R&D policy in Europe Creating support through a bottom-up approach to support the EuKTS model by the involvement of training providers specialised in KT/TT education Creating broad European support from training providers for the development of common training standards and competence framework for European KT/TT practitioners. To achieve objectives it is vital to involve the relevant policymakers and KT/TT stakeholders.

Hallmann K.,German Sport University Cologne | Zehrer A.,MCI Management Center Innsbruck
Voluntas | Year: 2016

The impact of volunteer tourism on participants has gained interest in tourism research with popular topics of study such as motivation, expectations, and values. However, only a few studies have examined outcomes of the experience such as satisfaction and most works were purely descriptive. The purpose of this research is to find out more about the drivers of satisfaction focusing on experienced benefits and costs with the volunteer experience. The paper reports a quantitative online survey distributed to volunteers (n = 290) via volunteer organizations operating on all continents. Regression analyses show that experienced benefits relating to the self and the career are positively and costs are negatively correlated with satisfaction. © 2015, International Society for Third-Sector Research and The Johns Hopkins University.

Richter A.P.,MCI Management Center Innsbruck | Lombardi J.R.,City College of New York | Zhao B.,Jilin University
Journal of Physical Chemistry C | Year: 2010

By use of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, we observe the degree of charge-transfer for Ag/PATP/ ZnO sandwich compounds as a function of both ZnO nanoparticle size and as a function of excitation wavelength. We show that there are several likely charge-transfer resonances. The most obvious is the resonance at particle diameter of 27.7 nm for all wavelengths. In a theoretical study it has been suggested that when there is an electron acceptor on the nanoparticle surface it may form a complex with the semiconductor exciton and that this is most likely the origin of the size-dependent resonance. At the smallest size (18.2 nm) studied here, there is an increase in degree of charge-transfer (relative to adjacent sizes), indicating the possibility of another, lower-lying charge-transfer state, which also could be caused by the acceptor-exciton complex. The other resonance suggested by our data is to higher excitation energy for all particle sizes. It can be seen that the degree of charge-transfer is rising as the excitation wavelength is shortened, indicating an additional charge-transfer resonance in the ultraviolet. Copyright © 2010 American Chemical Society.

Herstad S.J.,Innovation Norway | Aslesen H.W.,Norwegian School of Management | Ebersberger B.,MCI Management Center Innsbruck | Ebersberger B.,University of Management and Economics
Research Policy | Year: 2014

It is commonly argued that we are witnessing a shift from global production networks, driven by the search for markets and lower cost production sites, to global innovation networks (GINs), driven by the search for knowledge. This paper explores how sources of behavioural differentiation derived from the literature on industrial knowledge bases and technological regimes condition the degree of involvement in international innovation collaboration. We find this to be significantly influenced by the nature of knowledge and the cumulativeness of knowledge development, the active use of measures to protect intellectual property, the inherent need to innovate and the opportunity to generate sales from this activity. The likelihood that the firm establishes and maintains a truly global network configuration is influenced accordingly. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Frischhut M.,MCI Management Center Innsbruck | Fahy N.,University of Oxford
European Journal of Health Law | Year: 2016

The case-law of the Court of Justice (ECJ) on patient mobility was recently challenged by a ruling that a patient could go to Germany for treatment when facilities in Romanian hospitals were inadequate. Given the reported impact of austerity measures in the field of health care this raises the question; what is the impact of the ECJ's ruling on how Member States can manage expenditure and limit outflows of patients and how should such measures be legally evaluated? The objective of this article is to analyse potential impact on health systems in the context of increasing pressure on public financing for health. While the ECJ mainly referred to the requirement of treatment in due time, we also analyse possible austerity reductions of the basket of care against the background of EU law (i.e., ECJ case-law, patient mobility directive, Charter of Fundamental rights and social security regulation). © koninklijke brill nv, leiden, 2015.

Frischhut M.,MCI Management Center Innsbruck | Levaggi R.,University of Brescia
Health Policy | Year: 2015

Since 1998, the European Court of Justice (EUCJ) has established a set of principles concerning patient mobility across Member States. At present, these principles are challenged against a new background, i.e., an enlarged EU and austerity-driven measures in the field of healthcare. This is even more relevant in view of the significant differences between countries and between services on healthcare access. In the Petru case, a Romanian woman sought healthcare in Germany due to an alleged lack of basic infrastructure in her local Romanian hospital. A crucial question arises in this context of whether the patient's interests (i.e., right to cross-border healthcare) or the Member State's interests (i.e., financial stability of the healthcare system) prevail. We analyse this case and its implications for future patient mobility. From the point of view of patients, the EUCJ's decision implies that also a lack of medication and basic medical supplies can be claimed as "undue delay", however for Member States it is sufficient to provide quality treatments in at least one hospital. Although the Court has provided a solution for the Petru case, we argue that major challenges remain, such as the definition of the international state-of-the-art or other limitations to reductions of the health basket. © 2015 The Authors.

Heikkinen P.,MCI Management Center Innsbruck | Hilgarth B.,Ostbayerische Technische Hochschule Amberg Weiden
Proceedings of the 9th IADIS International Conference Information Systems 2016, IS 2016 | Year: 2016

Many so called disruptive trends like the Five SMART Technologies (Gartner, 2014) affect more and more existing business models with high dynamics and complexities. At the same time the affected organizations do show more or less settled business models with partly long traditions of process improvement work. During researching the Business Process Management (BPM) last-mile phenomenon in the past five years (Kurz et al, 2012), some general reasons arise for failures of process improvements and implementations in highly standardized organizations. At the same time for the authors of this paper it became clear that this research might be expanded to aspects coming from other disciplines like project management, strategy management, quality management or change management are nearby the BPM approaches. In the era of the widely discussed trend of digitalization, the number and intensity of process improvements an organization has to react on with the adaptation of their business processes and organizational structures increases from the authors experience and point of view in an enormous way. Mature organization show often that the problem to react on necessary changes are initiated by the use of new technologies. This article serves as (1) a first summary of the observations were made during the past three years in context of adaptations of disruptive technologies and business models like 3D printing in standardized process organizations and (2) it will draft from the authors point of view the need and way for researching on this complex. © 2016.

Hundt M.,TU Brandenburg | Schnitzlein K.,TU Brandenburg | Schnitzlein M.G.,MCI Management Center Innsbruck
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2013

The saccharification of softwood using alkaline polyol pulping (AlkaPolP) and enzymatic hydrolysis was investigated. It will be demonstrated that the AlkaPolP process yields high quality pulps which can easily be hydrolyzed by cellulases. Temperature (180-230°C) and duration (15-60min) of the alkaline glycerol pulping, expressed as pulping severity R0, were varied to find optimum reaction conditions. The obtained pulps were characterized regarding their residual lignin content, kappa number and crystallinity index. Thus, the dependencies of the conversion during enzymatic hydrolysis on severity, pulp composition and pulp characteristics could be observed. In further experiments it was investigated how the enzymatic hydrolysis is affected by pulp drying or by a reduction of enzyme loading. Up to 83% of the initial cellulose in wood and almost 97% of the cellulose in pulp were converted into glucose using cellulases from Trichoderma reesei and β-glucosidase from Aspergillus niger. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Hundt M.,TU Brandenburg | Schnitzlein K.,TU Brandenburg | Schnitzlein M.G.,MCI Management Center Innsbruck
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2013

The saccharification of beech wood using alkaline polyol pulping (AlkaPolP) and enzymatic hydrolysis was investigated. It will be demonstrated that the AlkaPolP process yields high quality pulps which can easily be hydrolyzed by cellulases. In order to find optimum reaction conditions chips of Fagus sylvatica were pretreated by alkaline glycerol at temperatures between 190 and 230°C for 15, 20, and 25min. The impacts of temperature and time were expressed using a severity factor R0. The dependencies of the conversion during enzymatic hydrolysis on severity, pulp yield, delignification and pulp composition are shown. In further experiments it was investigated if the sugar yields can be increased by the application of ultrasound or surfactants before enzyme addition. Up to 95% of the initial cellulose in wood were converted into glucose using cellulases from Trichoderma reesei and β-glucosidase from Aspergillus niger. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

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