Mazda Hospital

Hiroshima-shi, Japan

Mazda Hospital

Hiroshima-shi, Japan
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PubMed | Red Cross, Fukuoka University, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone, Tohoku University and 23 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of dermatology | Year: 2016

The Wound/Burn Guidelines Committee consists of members commissioned by the Board of Directors of the Japanese Dermatological Association (JDA). It held several meetings and evaluations in writing since October 2008, and drafted five guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment including commentaries on wounds in general and the Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment for Pressure Ulcers by taking opinions of the Scientific Committee and Board of Directors of JDA into consideration.


PubMed | Red Cross, Fukuoka University, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone, Tohoku University and 23 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of dermatology | Year: 2016

Burns are a common type of skin injury encountered at all levels of medical facilities from private clinics to core hospitals. Minor burns heal by topical treatment alone, but moderate to severe burns require systemic management, and skin grafting is often necessary also for topical treatment. Inappropriate initial treatment or delay of initial treatment may exert adverse effects on the subsequent treatment and course. Therefore, accurate evaluation of the severity and initiation of appropriate treatment are necessary. The Guidelines for the Management of Burn Injuries were issued in March 2009 from the Japanese Society for Burn Injuries as guidelines concerning burns, but they were focused on the treatment for extensive and severe burns in the acute period. Therefore, we prepared guidelines intended to support the appropriate diagnosis and initial treatment for patients with burns that are commonly encountered including minor as well as moderate and severe cases. Because of this intention of the present guidelines, there is no recommendation of individual surgical procedures.


PubMed | Fukuoka University, Red Cross, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone, Tohoku University and 23 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of dermatology | Year: 2016

The Japanese Dermatological Association prepared guidelines focused on the treatment of skin ulcers associated with connective tissue disease/vasculitis practical in clinical settings of dermatological care. Skin ulcers associated with connective tissue diseases or vasculitis occur on the background of a wide variety of diseases including, typically, systemic sclerosis but also systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), dermatomyositis, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), various vasculitides and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS). Therefore, in preparing the present guidelines, we considered diagnostic/therapeutic approaches appropriate for each of these disorders to be necessary and developed algorithms and clinical questions for systemic sclerosis, SLE, dermatomyositis, RA, vasculitis and APS.


PubMed | Fukuoka University, Red Cross, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone, Tohoku University and 23 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of dermatology | Year: 2016

We aimed to prepare guidelines for the management of diabetic ulcer/gangrene with emphasis on the diagnosis and treatment of skin symptoms. They serve as a tool to improve the quality of the diagnosis and treatment in each patient and, further, to improve the level of the care for diabetic ulcer in Japan by systematically presenting evidence-based recommendations for clinical judgments by incorporating various viewpoints.


PubMed | Fukuoka University, Red Cross, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone, Tohoku University and 23 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of dermatology | Year: 2016

Varicose veins are treated at multiple clinical departments, but as patients often visit the dermatology clinic first due to leg ulcers, the present Guidelines for the Management of Lower Leg Ulcers/Varicose Veins were prepared in consideration of the importance of the dermatologists role. Also, the disease concept of chronic venous insufficiency or chronic venous disorders and the CEAP classification of these disorders are presented. The objective of the present guidelines is to properly guide the diagnosis and treatment of lower leg ulcers/varicose veins by systematically presenting evidence-based recommendations that support clinical decisions.


PubMed | Red Cross, Hiroshima City Asa Hospital, Saiseikai Kure Hospital, Nakamura Clinic and 6 more.
Type: | Journal: Journal of gastroenterology | Year: 2016

Polymorphisms in the inosine triphosphatase (ITPA) gene is associated with anemia induced by peg-interferon (PEG-IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV) treatment for patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However, the effect of ITPA polymorphism on sofosbuvir plus RBV treatment is unknown.Two hundred and forty-four patients with chronic HCV genotype 2 infection without decompensated liver cirrhosis were treated with sofosbuvir plus RBV for 12weeks. The effects of ITPA polymorphism on hemoglobin levels and RBV dose reduction and treatment response were analyzed. ITPA (rs1127354) was genotyped using the Invader assay. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with sustained virological response (SVR).Overall, SVR12 was achieved in 231 (94.7%) patients, based on intention to treat analysis. During the therapy, reduction of hemoglobin levels was significantly greater in ITPA genotype CC patients than CA/AA patients. Therefore, the cumulative proportion of patients with RBV dose reduction was significantly higher and total dose of RBV was significantly lower in patients with CC genotype compared to CA/AA genotypes. SVR12 rates were similar between ITPA genotypes CC and CA/AA (94.7 and 94.4%, respectively, P=0.933). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified FIB4 index <3.25 (odds ratio [OR], 9.388 for 3.25; P=0.005) and low body weight (OR, 1.059, for high body weight; P=0.017) as independent predictors for SVR12.ITPA polymorphism influences hemoglobin levels and incidence of RBV dose reduction during sofosbuvir plus RBV therapy. However, ITPA genotype CC patients can expect a curative effect equivalent to CA/AA patients for chronic HCV genotype 2 infection.


Ogami R.,Mazda Hospital | Nakahara T.,Mazda Hospital | Hamasaki O.,Shimane Prefectural Central Hospital | Araki H.,Mazda Hospital | Kurisu K.,Hiroshima University
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology | Year: 2011

Purpose A rare complication of carotid artery stenting (CAS), prolonged reversible neurological symptoms with delayed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) space enhancement on fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images, is associated with blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption. We prospectively identified patients who showed CSF space enhancement on FLAIR images. Methods Nineteen patients\-5 acute-phase and 14 scheduled\-underwent 21 CAS procedures. Balloon catheters were navigated across stenoses, angioplasty was performed using a neuroprotective balloon, and stents were placed with after dilation under distal balloon protection. CSF space hyperintensity or obscuration on FLAIR after versus before CAS indicated CSF space enhancement. Correlations with clinical factors were examined. Results CSF space was enhanced on FLAIR in 12 (57.1%) cases. Postprocedural CSF space enhancement was significantly related to age, stenosis rate, acute-stage procedure, and total occlusion time. All acute-stage CAS patients showed delayed enhancement. Only age was associated with delayed CSF space enhancement in scheduled CAS patients. Conclusions Ischemic intolerance for severe carotid artery stenosis and temporary neuroprotective balloon occlusion, causing reperfusion injury, seem to be the main factors that underlie BBB disruption with delayed CSF space enhancement shortly after CAS, rather than sudden poststenting hemodynamic change. Our results suggest that factors related to hemodynamic instability or ischemic intolerance seem to be associated with post-CAS BBB vulnerability. Patients at risk for hemodynamic instability or with ischemic intolerance, which decrease BBB integrity, require careful management to prevent intracranial hemorrhagic and other post-CAS complications. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.


Nakamura Y.,Hiroshima University | Yokoya S.,Hiroshima University | Mochizuki Y.,Hiroshima Prefectural Hospital | Harada Y.,Hiroshima University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Orthopaedic Science | Year: 2015

Background: Nonsurgically treated rotator cuff tears sometimes become irreparable in the lead up to surgical repair. The purposes of our study were to identify predictive factors in the progression of tear size, and determine the changes in tear location. Methods: Eighty shoulders from 71 patients (mean age 69.4 years) diagnosed with rotator cuff tears by MRI were treated nonsurgically. MRI was repeated after more than 1 year of initial diagnosis. Tear size was measured from the edge of the tear to the lateral aspect of the greater tuberosity. Tears were classified into 5 groups based on tear size and 4 groups based on tear location. Changes in tear size and location were examined. Results: The mean follow-up period was 22.3 months. The average progression of tear size was 5 mm during follow-up, averaging 3 mm per year. Tears that were initially <1 or ≥4 cm were unlikely to progress in tear size. On the other hand, 1- to 2-cm tears on the initial MRI exhibited the greatest progression in tear size, followed by 2- to 3-cm tears. Furthermore, 62.5 % of localized tears in the posterior of the superior facet spread anteriorly, whereas 88.9 % of localized tears in the anterior of the superior facet did not change. Conclusions: Medium-sized tears are at high risk of tear progression. In contrast, there is little risk of early development of irreparable damage in partial tear or small full-thickness tears. In addition, typical tears may start in the posterior of the superior facet, and subsequently spread anteriorly. Our present findings may serve as a useful reference in determining the treatment course for rotator cuff tears. Level of evidence: Level IV, Case Series, Prognosis Study. © 2014, The Japanese Orthopaedic Association.


PubMed | Hiroshima University, Tadanoumi Branch Hospital and Mazda Hospital
Type: | Journal: Occupational and environmental medicine | Year: 2016

Mustard gas (MG) has been the most widely used chemical warfare agent in the past century. However, few but conflicting data exist on the effects of MG exposure on long-term mortality. We investigated MG-related mortality in retired workers at a poisonous gas factory.We assessed mortality rates among 2392 male and 1226 female workers, whose vital status could be determined through 31 December 2009, at a poisonous gas factory operating from 1929 to 1945 in Okuno-jima, Japan. The analysis employed standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) calculated using national and prefectural references and a Cox proportional hazard regression model. Applying the Kaplan-Meier method, we compared cumulative death rates in the study cohort stratified by an Okuno-jima MG Index which represented the product of HRs derived for job category and length of service.Among male workers, we found significant excesses in mortality from upper respiratory tract cancer (SMR 3.06), liver cancer (1.67), lung cancer (2.01) and chronic bronchitis/emphysema (4.84) compared with the national population, as well as stomach cancer (1.20) versus the Hiroshima Prefecture population. When stratified into 3 subgroups by the Okuno-jima MG Index, those with a higher Okuno-jima MG Index had significantly higher cumulative rates of death from respiratory cancer and chronic bronchitis/emphysema.MG exposure significantly increases the long-term risk of death from respiratory cancer and chronic bronchitis/emphysema. The Okuno-jima MG Index may be a useful indicator for estimating cumulative MG exposure.


Kurata M.,Ehime University | Okura T.,Ehime University | Kumon Y.,Ehime University | Tagawa M.,Ehime University | And 5 more authors.
Hypertension Research | Year: 2012

Atherothrombosis is the primary pathophysiology that underlies ischemic cerebral infarction. Osteopontin (OPN) is produced in atherosclerotic lesions and is cleaved by activated thrombin. We hypothesized that the rupture or damage of an unstable atherosclerotic plaque increases plasma levels of thrombin-cleaved OPN (trOPN). This study included 90 patients who received carotid angioplasty with stenting (CAS), 23 patients with essential hypertension (EHT) and 10 patients who were treated with carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The CAS patient group included 36 patients that had pre-and post-operative blood tests, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) using cerebral MRIs and estimated thrombus debris within the protection device. Immunohistochemistry of CEA specimens revealed that trOPN was detected around intra-plaque vessels. The highest tertile of plasma trOPN levels in CAS patients was higher than trOPN levels in EHT patients. Post-operative trOPN levels were significantly higher in symptomatic compared with asymptomatic patients (P=0.003). New ipsilateral DWI-positive patients revealed higher post-operative trOPN levels (P=0.003) and a higher grade of thrombi (P<0.001) than DWI-negative patients. TrOPN may be a novel biomarker that reflects the atherothrombotic status in ischemic stroke. © 2012 The Japanese Society of Hypertension All rights reserved.

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