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Mazandaran, Iran

Mazandaran University of Medical science is a medical university in Sari, Mazandaran province, Iran. This university is one of the top medical universities in Iran.This university includes 9 faculties and some research centers.Sari School of MedicineStudents Researches Center of MazUMSBioinformatics and Biomathematics Unit in MazUMSMazandaranSary or Sari, IranCaspian SeaSari Academic HospitalAvicenna HospitalMazandaran Cardiovascular Diseases CenterPsychiatric Hospital of Sari Wikipedia.

Enayati A.,Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
Annual Review of Entomology | Year: 2010

The prospect of malaria eradication has been raised recently by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation with support from the international community. There are significant lessons to be learned from the major successes and failures of the eradication campaign of the 1960s, but cessation of transmission in the malaria heartlands of Africa will depend on a vaccine and better drugs and insecticides. Insect control is an essential part of reducing transmission. To date, two operational scale interventions, indoor residual spraying and deployment of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs), are effective at reducing transmission. Our ability to monitor and evaluate these interventions needs to be improved so that scarce resources can be sensibly deployed, and new interventions that reduce transmission in a cost-effective and efficient manner need to be developed. New interventions could include using transgenic mosquitoes, larviciding in urban areas, or utilizing cost-effective consumer products. Alongside this innovative development agenda, the potential negative impact of insecticide resistance, particularly on LLINs, for which only pyrethroids are available, needs to be monitored. © 2010 by Annual Reviews All rights reserved.

Gharaei-Fathabad E.,Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
American Journal of Drug Discovery and Development | Year: 2011

Biosurfactants can be served as green alternatives in a variety of applications including bioremediation, pharmaceuticals, agricultural disease control and cosmetics. Biosurfactant mixtures produced by microbes and they are genus- and sometimes species-specific. Because of their short fatty acid tails and polar head groups, biosurfactants are highly sticky and both hydrophilic and hydrophobic. In pharmaceutics, biosurfactants can be used for gene delivery and recovery of intracellular products as well as they can be served as antimicrobial substances and emulsifying agents. © 2011 Academic Journals Inc.

Ahmadi A.,Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine | Year: 2012

In recent years, more head and neck cancer patients have been treated with radiotherapy. Radiation-induced mucositis is a common and dose limiting toxicity of radiotherapy among patients with head and neck cancers. Patients undergoing radiation therapy for head and neck cancer are also at increased risk of developing oral candidiasis. A number of new agents applied locally or systemically to prevent or treat radiationinduced mucositis have been investigated, but there is no widely accepted prophylactic or effective treatment for mucositis. Topical Aloe vera is widely used for mild sunburn, frostbites, and scalding burns. Studies have reported the beneficial effects of Aloe gel for wound healing, mucous membrane protection, and treatment of oral ulcers, in addition to antiinflammatory, immunomudulation, antifungal, scavenging free radicals, increasing collagen formation and inhibiting collagenase. Herein the author postulates that oral Aloe vera mouthwash may not only prevent radiation-induced mucositis by its wound healing and antiinflammatory mechanism, but also may reduce oral candidiasis of patients undergoing head and neck radiotherapy due to its antifungal and immunomodulatory properties. Hence, Aloe vera mouthwash may provide an alternative agent for treating radiation-induced oral mucositis and candidiasis in patients with head and neck cancers. © 2012 The Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Ziabakhsh Tabary S.H.,Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
European review for medical and pharmacological sciences | Year: 2013

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a revascularization technique that has been reported as having satisfactory survival rates in Hemodialysis (HD) dependent patients. The aim of this study was to determine morbidity and mortality of isolated CABG in HD-dependent patients and compare with non- renal failure (RF) patients. We performed a retrospective analysis of data related to all patients who underwent first time, on-pump, isolated CABG surgery between May 23, 2004 to September 22, 2012, we selected 32 CRF patients with history of chronic hemodialysis (group HD) and 32 non renal failure patients (group non-HD). The preoperative data of two groups were matched completely. We collected all data of intraoperative and postoperative. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16. the mean age of HD group and non-HD group were 52.46±3.24 and 52.12±3.54 years (p = 0.68). Low cardiac output syndrome was occurred in 4 patients (12.5%) of HD group and one patient (3.12%) of non-HD group (p = 0.16). 96.87% of patients in HD group and 81.25% of patient in non-HD group (p = 0.045) needed infusion of packed cell. 31.25% in HD group and 6.25% in non-HD group needed platelets infusion (p = 0.010). Infection was observed in 9.37% of HD group and 3.12% of non-HD group patients (p = 0.30). The hospital stay in HD group was 15.21±2.63 days and in non-HD group was 5.93±0.94 days (p = 0.000). Finally, we have 2 death (6.25%) in HD-dependent patients. Isolated on-pump CABG in HD patients compared with non-HD patients was associated with high rate of morbidity and longer hospitalization.

Tilaki R.A.D.,Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2011

By adding a biomass carrier to an activated sludge system, the biomass concentration will increase, and subsequently the organic removal efficiency will be enhanced. In this study, the possibility of using excess sludge from ceramic and tile manufacturing plants as a biomass carrier was investigated. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of using fireclay as a biomass carrier on biomass concentration, organic removal and nitrification efficiency in an activated sludge system. Experiments were conducted by using a bench scale activated sludge system operating in batch and continuous modes. Artificial simulated wastewater was made by using recirculated water in a ceramic manufactutring plant. In the continuous mode, hydraulic detention time in the aeration reactor was 8 and 22 h. In the batch mode, aeration time was 8 and 16 h. Fireclay doses were 500, 1,400 and 2,250 mg l-1, and were added to the reactors in each experiment separately. The reactor with added fireclay was called a Hybrid Biological Reactor (HBR). A reactor without added fireclay was used as a control. Efficiency parameters such as COD, MLVSS and nitrate were measured in the control and HBR reactors according to standard methods. The average concentration of biomass in the HBR reactor was greater than in the control reactor. The total biomass concentration in the HBR reactor (2.25 g l-1 fireclay) in the continuous mode was 3,000 mg l-1 and in the batch mode was 2,400 mg l-1. The attached biomass concentration in the HBR reactor (2.25 g l-1 fireclay) in the continuous mode was 1,500 mg l-1 and in the batch mode was 980 mg l-1. Efficiency for COD removal in the HBR and control reactor was 95 and 55%, respectively. In the HBR reactor, nitrification was enhanced, and the concentration of nitrate was increased by 80%. By increasing the fireclay dose, total and attached biomass was increased. By adding fireclay as a biomass carrier, the efficiency of an activated sludge system to treat wastewater from ceramic manufacturing plants was increased. © 2010 Society for Industrial Microbiology.

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