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Harleysville, PA, United States

Methods and systems for power semiconductor devices integrating multiple quasi-vertical transistors on a single chip. Multiple power transistors (or active regions) are paralleled, but one transistor has a lower threshold voltage. This reduces the voltage drop when the transistor is forward-biased. In an alternative embodiment, the power device with lower threshold voltage is simply connected as a depletion diode, to thereby shunt the body diodes of the active transistors, without affecting turn-on and ON-state behavior.


A power MOSFET cell includes an N+ silicon substrate having a drain electrode. A low dopant concentration N-type drift layer is grown over the substrate. An N-type layer, having a higher dopant concentration than the drift region, is then formed and etched to have sidewalls. A P-well is formed in the N-type layer, and an N+ source region is formed in the P-well. A gate is formed over the P-wells lateral channel and has a vertical extension next to the top portion of the sidewalls. A positive gate voltage inverts the lateral channel and increases the conduction along the sidewalls to reduce on-resistance. A vertical shield field plate is also located next to the sidewalls and extends virtually the entire length of the sidewalls. The field plate laterally depletes the N-type layer when the device is off to increase the breakdown voltage.


N-channel power semiconductor devices in which an insulated field plate is coupled to the drift region, and immobile electrostatic charge is also present at the interface between the drift region and the insulation around the field plate. The electrostatic charge permits OFF-state voltage drop to occur near the source region, in addition to the voltage drop which occurs near the drain region (due to the presence of the field plate).


Patent
MaxPower, Inc. | Date: 2015-01-22

A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device includes providing a semiconductor layer of a first conductivity type and forming a semiconductor layer of a second conductivity type thereon. The method also includes forming an insulator layer on the semiconductor layer of the second conductivity type, etching a trench into at least the semiconductor layer of the second conductivity type, and forming a thermal oxide layer in the trench and on the semiconductor layer of the second conductivity type. The method further includes implanting ions into the thermal oxide layer, forming a second insulator layer, removing the second insulator layer from a portion of the trench, and forming an oxide layer in the trench and on the epitaxial layer. Moreover, the method includes forming a material in the trench, forming a second gate oxide layer over the material, and patterning the second gate oxide layer.


Patent
MaxPower, Inc. | Date: 2015-01-22

MOS-gated devices, related methods, and systems for vertical power and RF devices including an insulated trench and a gate electrode. A body region is positioned so that a voltage bias on the gate electrode will cause an inversion layer in the body region. Permanent electrostatic charges are included in said insulation material. A conductive shield layer is positioned above the insulated trench, to reduce parasitic capacitances.

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