Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel
Migdal HaEmeq, Israel

Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel is a college located in the Jezreel Valley of Israel, between the cities Afula and Nazareth, and next to Kfar Gid'on, Tel Adashim and Mizra.Founded in 1965 as Emek Yezreel College, Max Stern College later served as a regional branch of Hebrew University from 1973 to 1994. In 1994 the Israel Council for Higher Education gave accreditation to Max Stern College as an independent academic institution capable or granting bachelor's degrees. The college offers BA degrees to some 5,000 students in a diverse array of fields, including Economics, Behavioral science, Social science, Communication Studies, Human Services, Health Administration, Nursing Studies and General Studies.The college is named after Max Stern, whose son Leonard N. Stern gave a monetary gift in his name when he died. Wikipedia.

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Dan O.,Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel | Raz S.,Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel | Raz S.,Tel-Hai Academic College
Biological Psychology | Year: 2012

Attachment-related electrophysiological differences in emotional processing biases were examined using Event-Related Potentials (ERPs). We identified ERP correlates of emotional processing by comparing ERPs elicited in trials with angry and neutral faces. These emotional expression effects were then compared across groups with secure, anxious and avoidant attachment orientations. Results revealed significant interactions between attachment orientation and facial expression in mean amplitudes of the early C1 (50-80. ms post-stimulus) and P1 (80-120. ms post-stimulus) ERP components. Significant differences in C1 and P1 mean amplitudes were found at occipital and posterior-parietal channels in response to angry compared with neutral faces only within the avoidant attachment group. No such differences were found within the secure or anxious attachment groups. The present study underscores the usefulness of the ERP methodology, as a sensitive measure for the study of emotional processing biases in the research field of attachment. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Simonstein F.,Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel
Science and Engineering Ethics | Year: 2017

A recent article on the front page of The Independent (September 18, 2015) reported that the genetic ‘manipulation’ of IVF embryos is to start in Britain, using a new revolutionary gene-editing technique, called Crispr/Cas9. About three weeks later (Saturday 10, October 2015), on the front page of the same newspaper, it was reported that the National Health Service (NHS) faces a one billion pound deficit only 3 months into the new year. The hidden connection between these reports is that gene editing could be used to solve issues related to health care allocation. Improving the health of future generations might coincide with public health goals; it might improve the health of individuals and communities, and, if successful, might be seen as a public good. However, enhancing future generations will require In Vitro Fertilisation and Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis. Remarkably, the necessary involvement of women in an enhancing scenario has not been discussed by its proponents. The present discourse on moral obligations of future generations, although not referring to women, seems to imply that women might be required, morally, if not legally, to reproduce with IVF. Enhancing future generations will be gendered, unless the artificial womb is developed. These are challenging issues that require a wider perspective, of both women and men. Despite the lack of a unified feminist conclusion in the discussions about the merits and risks of human genome modification, there is an urgent need to clarify the role of women in this scenario. © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

Peleg-Raibstein D.,ETH Zurich | Feldon J.,Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel | Meyer U.,ETH Zurich
Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology | Year: 2012

Basic research in animals represents a fruitful approach to study the neurobiological basis of brain and behavioral disturbances relevant to neuropsychiatric disease and to establish and evaluate novel pharmacological therapies for their treatment. In the context of schizophrenia, there are models employing specific experimental manipulations developed according to specific pathophysiological or etiological hypotheses. The use of selective lesions in adult animals and the acute administration of psychotomimetic agents are indispensable tools in the elucidation of the contribution of specific brain regions or neurotransmitters to the genesis of a specific symptom or collection of symptoms and enjoy some degrees of predictive validity. However, they may be inaccurate, if not inadequate, in capturing the etiological mechanisms or ontology of the disease needed for a complete understanding of the disease and may be limited in the discovery of novel compounds for the treatment of negative and cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia. Under the prevailing consensus of schizophrenia as a disease of neurodevelopmental origin, we have seen the establishment of neurodevelopmental animal models which aim to identify the etiological processes whereby the brain, following specific triggering events, develops into a schizophrenia-like brain over time. Many neurodevelopmental models such as the neonatal ventral hippocampus (vHPC) lesion, methylazoxymethanol (MAM), and prenatal immune activation models can mimic a broad spectrum of behavioral, cognitive, and pharmacological abnormalities directly implicated in schizophrenic disease. These models allow pharmacological screens against multiple and coexisting schizophrenia-related dysfunctions while incorporating the disease-relevant concept of abnormal brain development. The multiplicity of existing models is testimonial to the multifactorial nature of schizophrenia, and there are ample opportunities for their integration. Indeed, one ultimate goal must be to incorporate the successes of distinct models into one unitary account of the complex disorder of schizophrenia and to use such unitary approaches in the further development and evaluation of novel antipsychotic treatment strategies. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Katz C.,Tel Aviv University | Barnetz Z.,Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel
Child Abuse and Neglect | Year: 2014

The aim of the current study is to identify how children describe their behavior during abuse and to explore their behavior further with respect to the type of the abuse (physical or sexual), frequency of abuse (single or multiple incidents), familiarity with the suspect, and children's age and gender, with the assumption that this information may have a significant effect on the children's recovery process. The study involved 224 transcripts of interviews with alleged victims aged 5-14 in Israel. The sample was randomly selected from all of the forensic investigations with children that were conducted in Israel in 2011. The results show that abuse type has a strong effect on children's behavior, with children in the sexual abuse group reporting more fight and flight behavior and children in the physical abuse group reporting more self-change behavior. This finding was interacted with the severity of abuse variable, with children in the sexual abuse group reporting less flight behavior and an increase in the self-change behavior with the highest level of severity of abuse (touch under the clothes and penetration). Investigative interviews with children can be a significant source of information for practitioners within the clinical context. The current study stresses the consequences that abuse can have on children's behavior during these incidents and the implications for the therapy process with the children. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Ritov G.,Haifa University | Barnetz Z.,Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel
Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease | Year: 2013

The present study examined the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and lateral preference, as reflected by handedness, in Israeli reserve combat troops. Data were gathered from 147 right-handed reserve combat personnel who filled out the Edinburgh Handedness Inventory, a questionnaire examining the severity of PTSD symptoms according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, criteria and a questionnaire on the details of military service and familial status. The participants without children exhibited significantly more PTSD symptoms compared with the participants with children but did not differ in lateral preference levels. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed an altered pattern in the relationship between PTSD symptoms severity and lateral preference between the two groups. This alternation could suggest that being a parent might compel a reservist to inhibit the use of avoidance mechanisms for coping with intrusive memories, resulting in reduction of visible symptoms of PTSD while respectively contributing to their synchronization to lateral preference. Copyright © 2013 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

Roe D.,Haifa University | Mashiach-Eizenberg M.,Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel | Corrigan P.,Illinois Institute of Technology
Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease | Year: 2012

The Recovery Assessment Scale (RAS) is a 41-item scale that assesses perceptions of recovery (article by Corrigan, Salzer, Ralph, Sangster, and Keck [Schizophr Bull 30:1035-1041, 2004]). This article presents a confirmatory factor structure of a brief 20-item version of the RAS and investigates its relation to measures of quality of life, symptoms severity, social support, loneliness, and functioning. The validation sample included 152 persons with serious mental illness living in the community. The results of the confirmatory factor analyses of the RAS yielded four factors: personal confidence and hope, willingness to ask for help, reliance on others, and no domination by symptoms. Subsequent regression analysis showed that these factors were related to some of the measures assessed in the study, providing support for the convergent and discriminate validity of the RAS. The study findings support the convergent and discriminate validity of the brief version of the scale. Copyright © 2001 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Cognitive training and aerobic training are known to improve cognitive functions. To examine the separate and combined effects of such training on cognitive performance, four groups of healthy older adults embarked on a 4 months cognitive and/or mild aerobic training. A first group [n = 33, mean age = 80 (66-90)] engaged in cognitive training, a second [n = 29, mean age = 81 (65-89)] in mild aerobic training, a third [n = 29, mean age = 79 (70-93)] in the combination of both, and a fourth [n = 31, mean age = 79 (71-92)] control group engaged in book-reading activity. The outcome was a well-validated multi-domain computerized cognitive evaluation for older adults. The results indicate that, when compared to older adults who did not engage in cognitive training (the mild aerobic and control groups) older adults who engaged in cognitive training (separate or combined training groups) showed significant improvement in cognitive performance on Hand-Eye Coordination, Global Visual Memory (GVM; working memory and long-term memory), Speed of Information Processing, Visual Scanning, and Naming. Indeed, individuals who did not engage in cognitive training showed no such improvements. Those results suggest that cognitive training is effective in improving cognitive performance and that it (and not mild aerobic training) is driving the improvement in the combined condition. Results are discussed in terms of the special circumstances of aerobic and cognitive training for older adults who are above 80 years of age. © 2013 Shatil.

Shahrabani S.,Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel | Benzion U.,Galilée College
Health Education and Behavior | Year: 2012

This study examines the impact of past experience with influenza and the influenza vaccine on four categories of the Health Belief Model: beliefs about susceptibility to contracting influenza, severity of illness, perceived benefits of the vaccine in preventing influenza, and perceived barriers to getting vaccinated. The study population comprised employees at different workplaces in Israel. The results indicate that individuals who took flu shots in the past perceived higher levels of benefits from the vaccine and lower barriers to getting the vaccine than those who had not been vaccinated. In addition, those who had influenza over the last 2 years exhibited higher levels of perceived susceptibility and lower levels of perceived benefits from the vaccine. These results imply that an individual's health beliefs regarding the flu vaccine can be changed as a result of accumulated experience with the illness and the vaccine. Therefore, recommendations for first-time vaccination may have implications on decisions to be vaccinated over the long run. © 2012 Society for Public Health Education.

Yadin A.,Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel
ACM Inroads | Year: 2011

This article describes an action research for reducing the high students' dropout rate after an introductory programming course. As part of the action research, that was performed during four semesters several course structures and learning tactics were examined. The success was attributed to three main factors. (1) using Python as the first introductory programming language, which freed the students from detailed language syntax and allowed them to concentrate on algorithms and problem solving; (2) using a visualization environment (Micro-world) for the whole duration of the course, which helped in understanding the more complex and abstract issues; and (3) using individual assignments that enforced better learning habits. The article describes the various attempts, as well as the final structure that reduced the failing students by over 77%. © 2011 ACM.

Rashkovits R.,Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel
2016 International Conference on High Performance Computing and Simulation, HPCS 2016 | Year: 2016

In this paper we suggest a novel approach for long-term prefetching in wide area content delivery applications. The users attach (explicitly or implicitly) preferences towards the desired latency versus obsolescence for each accessed object, and the suggested model considers these preferences when deciding upon the subset of objects selected for prefetching under a given bandwidth limit. Each accessed object is assigned with a score that counts the 'cost' saved during a given period of time if the object is selected for prefetching. Under a given bandwidth constraint available during a period of time, while considering the estimated frequency of objects' synchronization, their access patterns and their sizes, a dynamic programming algorithm is run to select the optimal subset of cached object selected for prefetching. Empirical analysis done using simulation with synthetic data, demonstrates that the suggested model using users' preferences outperforms popular prefetching strategies such as prefetching-by-lifetime and prefetching-by-popularity. © 2016 IEEE.

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