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Halle (Saale), Germany

The Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology is located in Halle , Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It was founded in 1999, and moved into new buildings 2001. It is one of 80 institutes in the Max Planck Society .Director of the Department of Integration and Conflict is Günther Schlee and of the Department of Socialist and Postsocialist Eurasiais Chris Hann. Wikipedia.

Beyer J.,Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology
Central Asian Survey

This article explores how the inhabitants of two villages in northern Kyrgyzstan relate to one another and to their environment in terms of both place and genealogy. By performing relatedness, people make claims upon a physical landscape, while their relationships are simultaneously shaped by perceptions of the particular place they live in. The term settling descent evokes this dialectic, in which people settle descent in a literal sense in rituals, statues, objects and the stories they tell about the past and the present. The often-repeated academic opposition of identity through kinship vs. identity through locality is resolved by showing how both are aspects of the same historical process. The paper draws on oral histories of key informants, ethnographic case studies and classical as well as recent literature on kinship, place, post-socialism and the anthropology of Central Asia. © 2011 Copyright Southseries Inc. Source

Bochow A.,Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology
Culture, Health and Sexuality

This paper recounts and reflects on conversations about love and sexuality conducted with young people in Kumasi and Endwa, Ghana. It examines the settings of these conversations - in a kinship-based household, secondary schools and Pentecostal churches - and explores young people's reticence to talk about such matters in the light of intergenerational respect. Analysing young people's strategies of silence and provocative speech, the paper shows that, paradoxically, schools and churches provide institutionalised spaces for young people's subversive outspokenness that contrasts with the ethical codex of decency as the expression of hierarchical relations. © 2012 Copyright Astrid Bochow. Source

Schwarcz G.,Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology
Journal of Rural Studies

Rural poverty has become an increasingly ethnicised category for the majority society in contemporary Hungary. The article aims to explore the process and practice of social exclusion and ethnicisation in relation to mutual effects of post-socialist welfare restructuring and changing discourse on poverty in the post-socialist rural reality. The empirical data were gathered during ethnographic fieldwork carried out in a village in 2009 and 2010. Employing a relational, processual concept of ethnicity, this paper focuses on the ways in which the Magyar majority applies the approach of 'groupism' to imagine and discuss Roma as an ethnically bounded, distinctive group with a considerable set of distinguishable ethnic traits and degree of homogeneity. To point out how the discursive context influences social care and in what way the local implementation of social provision is able to formulate this context the paper deconstructs the local notion of 'Roma ethnic group' along with understandings of deservingness and social entitlement. It goes on to show the dual role that local state actors play in this process. The article concludes that both ideologies and practices of social care legitimise the identification of Roma as an ethnic category negatively equating this group with notions of deservingness and thus institutionalising ethnicised poverty. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Roche S.,Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology
Central Asian Survey

'Youth' is an ambivalent concept that is situationally and emically specific. This article discusses socio-demographic approaches to youth and applies the 'youth bulge' argument - which claims that a society with a high percentage of youth has an increased risk for violent conflicts - to the Central Asian context, more precisely to the early Komsomol and the former combatants in civil war Tajikistan. Based on ethnographic material, I analyse vanguard groups and their strategies for manipulating, challenging and negotiating cultural concepts of youth to mobilize young people on a large scale. © 2010 Central Asian Survey. Source

Jacquesson S.,Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology
Central Asian Survey

The question of pastoral land use in colonial Central Asia is set against the goals and assumptions of present-day laws and regulations in Kyrgyzstan. In order to highlight the main choices of the colonial administration and their consequences on the local level the analysis is focused on three dyads: territorial divisions versus clan divisions, ownership versus administration and administration versus self-government. By pointing out that the colonial reforms on nomads were mainly driven by the phantoms of 'clans' and 'custom', this article argues that certain misconceptions of nomadism are characteristic of any modernization programmes, be they those of colonial Russia or those that are currently being implemented. In Kyrgyzstan the recently introduced 'grazing committees' as the main actors in the management and control of pastures perpetuate the myths of self-government and tradition among nomads. In conclusion the article advances the thesis that the reliance on 'custom' and 'tradition' and the dismissal of real social relations of pastoral land use are among the most important reasons for the failure of pastoral land reforms in the past and in the present. © 2010 Central Asian Survey. Source

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