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Baier G.,Max Planck Institute for Polymer ResearchAckermannweg 10Mainz55128Germany | Winzen S.,Max Planck Institute for Polymer ResearchAckermannweg 10Mainz55128Germany | Messerschmidt C.,Max Planck Institute for Polymer ResearchAckermannweg 10Mainz55128Germany | Frank D.,Max Planck Institute for Polymer ResearchAckermannweg 10Mainz55128Germany | And 4 more authors.
Macromolecular Bioscience | Year: 2015

Herein, the synthesis and characterization of heparin-based nanocapsules (NCs) as potential drug delivery systems is described. For the synthesis of the heparin-based NCs, the versatile method of miniemulsion polymerization at the droplets interface was achieved resulting in narrowly distributed NCs with 180nm in diameter. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy images showed clearly NC morphology. A highly negative charge density for the heparin-based NCs was determined by measuring the electro-kinetic potential. Measuring the activated clotting time demonstrated the biological intactness of the polymeric shell. The ability of heparin-based NCs to bind to antithrombin (AT III) was investigated using isothermal titration calorimetry and dynamic light scattering experiments. The chemical stability of the NCs was studied in physiological protein-containing solutions and also in medically interesting fluids such as sodium chloride 0.9%, Ringer's solution, and phosphate buffer saline using dynamic light scattering and measuring the fluorescence intensity. The impressive uptake of NCs in different cells was confirmed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting, confocal laser scanning microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The low toxicity of all types of NCs was demonstrated. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source

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