Entity

Time filter

Source Type

Changsha, China

Liu M.-H.,University of South China | Shan J.,Zhongshan Torch Development Zone Hospital | Li J.,Boai Hospital of Zhongshan | Zhang Y.,Mawangdui Hospital | Lin X.-L.,Huizhou University
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine | Year: 2016

Doxorubicin (DOX) is an efficient drug used in cancer therapy; however, it can induce severe cytotoxicity, which limits its clinical application. In the present study, the effects of resveratrol (RES) on sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) activation in mediating DOX-induced cytotoxicity in H9c2 cardiac cells was investigated. H9c2 cells were exposed to 5 μM DOX for 24 h to establish a model of DOX cardiotoxicity. Apoptosis of H9c2 cardiomyocytes was assessed using the MTT assay and Hoechst nuclear staining. The results demonstrated that pretreating H9c2 cells with RES prior to the exposure of DOX resulted in increased cell viability and a decreased quantity of apoptotic cells. Western blot analysis demonstrated that DOX decreased the expression level of SIRT1. These effects were significantly alleviated by co-treatment with RES. In addition, the results demonstrated that DOX administration amplified forkhead box O1 (FoxO1) and P53 expression levels in H9c2 cells. RES was also found to protect against DOX-induced increases of FoxO1 and P53 expression levels in H9c2 cells. Furthermore, the protective effects of RES were arrested by the SIRT1 inhibitor nicotinamide. In conclusion, the results demonstrated that RES protected H9c2 cells against DOX-induced injuries via SIRT1 activation. © 2016, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved. Source


Liu M.-H.,University of South China | Yuan C.,The First Hospital of Changsha | He J.,University of South China | Tan T.-P.,University of South China | And 10 more authors.
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology | Year: 2015

Diabetes is known to be associated with neurodegenerative diseases. Resveratrol, a plant-derived polyphenolic compound found in red wine, possesses antioxidant properties. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of resveratrol on the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt)/FoxO3a pathway in mediating high glucose (HG)-induced injuries in neuronal PC12 cells. PC12 cells were exposed to HG to establish a model of HG neurotoxicity. Results showed that pre-treating PC12 cells with resveratrol before exposure to HG led to increased cell viability, decreased apoptotic cells, and reactive oxygen species generation. Western blot analysis showed that HG decreased the phosphorylation of Akt and FoxO3a and led to the nuclear localization of FoxO3a. These effects were significantly alleviated by resveratrol co-treatment. Furthermore, the protective effects of resveratrol were abolished by PI3K/Akt inhibitor LY294002. All these results demonstrate that resveratrol protected the PC12 cells from HG-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis via the activation of PI3K/Akt/FoxO3a signaling pathway. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source


Liu M.-H.,University of South China | Zhang Y.,Mawangdui Hospital | He J.,University of South China | Tan T.-P.,University of South China | And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Medicine | Year: 2016

Doxorubicin (DOX) is an efficient drug used in cancer therapy that also produces reactive oxygen species (ROS) that induces severe cytotoxicity, which limits its clinical application. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a novel gasotransmitter, has been shown to exert cardioprotective effects. The present study aimed to determine whether exogenous H2S protects H9c2 cardiac cells against DOX-induced cytotoxicity and whether these protective effects are mediated through the PI3K/Akt/FoxO3a pathway. The H9c2 cardiac cells were exposed to 5 M DOX for 24 h to establish a model of DOX-induced cardiotoxicity. The results showed that the treatment of H9c2 cardiac cells with sodium hydrosulfi de (NaHS) for 30 min prior to DOX exposure markedly attenuated the phosphorylation of Akt and FoxO3a. Notably, pre-treatment of the H9c2 cells with NaHS significantly attenuated the nuclear localization of FoxO3a as well as the apoptosis of H9c2 cells induced by DOX. The treatment of H9c2 cells with N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), a scavenger of ROS, prior to DOX exposure, also markedly increased the phosphorylation of Akt and FoxO3a which was inhibited by DOX alone. Furthermore, pre-treatment with LY294002, a selective inhibitor of PI3K/Akt, reversed the protective effect of H2S against DOX-induced injury of cardiomyocytes, as demonstrated by an increased number of apoptotic cells, a decrease in cell viability and the reduced phosphorylation of Akt and FoxO3a. These fi ndings suggested that exogenous H2S attenuates DOX-induced cytotoxic effects in H9c2 cardiac cells through the PI3K/Akt/FoxO3a pathway. Source


Liu M.-H.,University of South China | Lin X.-L.,Huizhou University | Guo D.-M.,University of South China | Zhang Y.,Mawangdui Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2016

Doxorubicin (DOX) is an efficient drug used in cancer therapy; however, it has severe cardiotoxic side effects. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of resveratrol on the adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/P53 pathway in mediating DOX-induced cytotoxicity. H9c2 cells were exposed to 5 μM DOX for 24 h to establish a model of DOX-induced cardiotoxicity. DOX administration amplified P53 and B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2)-associated X protein (Bax) expression and decreased Bcl-2 expression in H9c2 cells. Resveratrol increased the cell viability and decreased the apoptotic rate. In addition, resveratrol markedly increased the phosphorylation of AMPK. Of note, resveratrol protected against DOX-induced increases of P53 and Bax and also prevented the downregulation of Bcl-2 in H9c2 cells. Furthermore, AMPK inhibitor Compound C abolished the protective effects of resveratrol. The results of the present study therefore indicated that resveratrol protected H9c2 cells from DOX-induced apoptosis via the AMPK/P53 pathway. Source


Liu M.-H.,University of South China | Lin X.-L.,Huizhou University | Li J.,Boai Hospital of Zhongshan | He J.,University of South China | And 10 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2016

Resveratrol is a polyphenolic compound found in wine, which is mainly produced by the grapevine and exerts chemopreventive effects against hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms have remained to be fully elucidated. The present study assessed whether resveratrol-induced apoptosis was mediated via the activation of the forkhead box O3a (FoxO3a) transcription factor. It was demonstrated that resveratrol treatment induced apoptosis in HepG2 cells, and that this pro-apoptotic effect was accompanied with increases in the expression of apoptotic protein Bim. Following resveratrol treatment, Akt-mediated phosphorylation of FoxO3a was observed to be diminished in HepG2 cells. Furthermore, resveratrol enhanced the nuclear levels of FoxO3a and mediated neuronal death via Bim. The present study demonstrated that resveratrol induced apoptosis in HepG2 cells through activation of the transcription factor FoxO3a and increasing the expression of Bim protein. Source

Discover hidden collaborations