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Gifu-shi, Japan

Yamauchi K.-E.,Kagawa University | Incharoen T.,Kagawa University | Yamauchi K.,Matsunami General Hospital
Anatomical Record | Year: 2010

To demonstrate the relationship between intestinal histology and function, we investigated the possibility that compensatory enlargement of villi in the chickens' remnant intestine can be induced after 50% or 80% jejunal resection as well as after 50% jejunal plus 70% ileal resection. Compared with intact control chickens, operated chickens showed an almost similar body weight, nitrogen retention, and ether extract digestibility, an improved dry matter digestibility, and a much greater absorption of protein and ether extract by the remnant jejunum and ileum. This suggests an enhanced absorptive function of the remnant intestine. In these chickens, increased value of most light microscopic parameters, increased frequency of anastomosing of each villus, and increased number of protuberated epithelial cells appeared with an increase in the intestinal resection area. This suggests that intestinal villi and epithelial cells are hypertrophied in the remnant jejunum and ileum, and that intestinal villi adapt to activated intestinal absorptive function not by increasing their numbers, but by fusing together into larger villi. These findings demonstrate that intestinal histology is intimately related to intestinal function. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Source

Matsumoto K.,Gifu University | Mori N.,Matsunami General Hospital | Ogawa H.,Gifu University | Akiyama H.,Gifu University
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery | Year: 2015

Introduction: We aimed to assess the accuracy of a new extramedullary guide system for achieving appropriate femoral component alignment in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and to determine whether it differed between patients operated on by different surgeons. Materials and methods: We performed 100 consecutive primary TKAs in 100 patients using a newly developed extramedullary guide, the “S guide”; 50 were performed by author KM at A Hospital, and 50 by author NM at B Hospital. All patients received the Vanguard RP mobile-bearing prosthesis (Biomet Japan, Tokyo, Japan). We assessed the coronal and sagittal alignment of the femoral component with the mechanical axis using plane radiographs. Data were analyzed statistically using Prism 5.0 software, and a p value of <0.05 was regarded as indicating significance. Results: The mean postoperative coronal alignment angle of the femoral component (α) was 0.1° ± 1.4°, with no significant differences between A Hospital and B Hospital (p = 0.67), and 98 % of patients had an α deviating by less than 3° from the mechanical axis. The mean postoperative sagittal alignment angle of the femoral component (γ) was 1.7° ± 1.7°, with no significant differences between the groups (p = 0.61), and 86 % of patients had a γ deviating by less than 3° from the mechanical axis. Conclusions: This study shows that the S-guide is reliable for use in TKA. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Kumada Y.,Matsunami General Hospital | Kumada Y.,Cardiovascular Center | Ishii H.,Nagoya University | Aoyama T.,Cardiovascular Center | And 6 more authors.
Circulation Journal | Year: 2014

Although revascularization via coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been widely performed, there are limited data on which procedure is best in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods and Results: This 10-year follow-up study consisted of 997 HD patients electively undergoing coronary revascularization (CABG, n=210; PCI, n=787). With an adjustment for propensity scores with all baseline covariates, the incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) was evaluated as a composite endpoint including all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) and any revascularization. During the follow-up period, 465 MACE (death, n=325; non-fatal MI, n=45; revascularization, n=274) occurred. The 10-year freedom from MACE was higher in the CABG group compared to the PCI group (51.0% vs. 34.8%, adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.64; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.49-0.82, P=0.0003). On landmark analysis, adjusted HR of death was higher during the first 6 months after CABG compared to PCI (1.72; 95% CI: 1.04-2.79, P=0.036), but lower from 6 months onward (0.69; 95% CI: 0.48- 0.97, P=0.033). When compared to patients treated with drug-eluting stent alone (n=345) in the PCI group, the CABG group still had an advantage for any revascularization (adjusted HR, 0.38; 95% CI: 0.22-0.62, P<0.0001), but not for MACE (adjusted HR, 0.86; 95% CI: 0.64-1.15, P=0.33). Conclusions: CABG was totally clinically advantageous compared to PCI in HD patients. Source

Nagata C.,Gifu University | Wada K.,Gifu University | Nakamura K.,Gifu University | Hayashi M.,Matsunami General Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Cancer Causes and Control | Year: 2011

Objective Body size and reproductive factors are important risk factors of breast cancer. The aim of the present study was to examine the associations of these factors with blood concentrations of sex hormones and prolactin in premenopausal Japanese women. Methods We measured the plasma concentrations of estradiol, estrone, testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), follicle- stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and prolactin among 436 women who had regular menstrual cycles less than 40 days long. Information on menstrual and reproductive factors including history of breastfeeding was obtained using a self-administered questionnaire. Height and weight were measured. Results After controlling for age and the phase of the menstrual cycle, the body mass index (BMI) was significantly inversely associated with total estradiol, estrone and SHBG and significantly positively associated with total and free testosterone and DHEAS. Nulliparous women had significantly higher levels of total and free testosterone, DHEAS, and prolactin than parous women. Duration of breastfeeding for the first child was significantly inversely associated with free testosterone and prolactin levels. Conclusions The data suggest that an increased risk of premenopausal breast cancer associated with low BMI is partially mediated by an increased total estradiol. Androgens and prolactin may explain the breast cancer protection provided by giving birth and breastfeeding. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011. Source

Nagata C.,Gifu University | Konishi K.,Gifu University | Tamura T.,Gifu University | Wada K.,Gifu University | And 5 more authors.
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention | Year: 2015

Background: It has been hypothesized that alteration of hormone systems is involved in the carcinogenesis of acrylamide. The aim of the present study was to examine the cross-sectional associations between dietary acrylamide intake and sex hormone levels in premenopausal Japanese women. Methods: Study subjects were 393 women who had regular menstrual cycles less than 40 days long. Acrylamide intake was assessed with a food-frequency questionnaire and was based on acrylamide concentration reported from analyses of Japanese foods. We measured the plasma concentrations of estradiol, testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, sex hormone-binding globulin, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and prolactin. Results: After controlling for age, the phase of the menstrual cycle, and other covariates, acrylamide intake was statistically significantly inversely associated with total and free estradiol levels and statistically significantly positively associated with follicle-stimulating hormone level. Total and free estradiol levels were 18.2% and 19.3% lower, respectively, in women in the highest quartile of acrylamide intake than in those in the lowest quartile of intake. Follicle-stimulating hormone levels were 23.5% higher in women in the highest quartile of acrylamide intake than in those in the lowest quartile of intake. Conclusion: The data suggest that acrylamide intake may alter estradiol and follicle-stimulating hormone levels. Impact: High estradiol levels have been associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. Although the results need confirmation, they highlight the need to investigate the relationships among dietary acrylamide, sex hormones, and breast cancer risk. © 2014 American Association for Cancer Research. Source

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