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Cao W.,Maternity and Child Health Hospital of Zhenjiang | Wang X.,China Pharmaceutical University | Chen T.,Maternity and Child Health Hospital of Zhenjiang | Zhu H.,Maternity and Child Health Hospital of Zhenjiang | And 4 more authors.
Disease Markers | Year: 2015

The aim of this study was to examine the interaction of Notch/Notch ligand with Th17/Treg, cytokines IL-35 and IL-17 in cases of preeclampsia (PE). Methods. Peripheral blood was obtained from 42 PE patients and 22 health pregnant women. The mRNA expressions of Notch/Notch ligand, Treg transcription factor FoxP3 and Th17 transcription factor RORγt, EBI3 and P35 (IL-35 two subunits), and IL-17 were determined by qPCR. The serum levels of IL-17 and IL-35 were measured by ELISA. Results. It was observed that the expressions of Foxp3, EBI3, and P35 in PE patients were lower compared with normal pregnancy, whereas the RORγt expression was significantly increased. The results also demonstrated that PE patients exhibited decreased levels of Treg-related cytokine IL-35, whereas IL-17 was significantly increased. PE patients expressed higher levels of Notch receptor (1-4) and Notch ligand of DLL4, whereas Notch ligand of Jagged-1, -2 was much lower. Furthermore, the levels of FoxP3 T cells correlated positively with Jagged-2. In addition, there were positive correlations between the mRNA level of IL-17 and DLL4. Conclusion. Our results indicated that maternal immunological changes may reverse maternal tolerance in PE, and this phenomenon may due to the Th17/Treg imbalance affected by Notch/Notch ligand. © 2015 Weiping Cao et al. Source


Cao W.,Maternity and Child Health Hospital of Zhenjiang | Chen T.,Maternity and Child Health Hospital of Zhenjiang | Wang X.,Maternity and Child Health Hospital of Zhenjiang | Wang X.,China Pharmaceutical University | And 3 more authors.
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine | Year: 2014

The aim of this study was to examine the interaction of estradiol (E2) with CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ regulatory T (Treg) cells and cytokines in cases of missed abortion (MA). The peripheral blood lymphocytes from patients with MA and controls (normal pregnancy and non-pregnant females) were isolated from the blood by Ficoll density gradient centrifugation. CD4+CD25+ Treg cells were isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). The frequencies of CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ Treg cells and mRNA expression of transcription factor forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3) in the peripheral blood of MA (n=33), normal pregnancy (n=33) and non-pregnant females (n=27) were determined by intracellular three-color flow cytometry and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), respectively. The serum levels of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and a chemiluminescent immunoassay was used to examine the serum E2 levels. It was observed that the percentage of Foxp3+ T cells in the peripheral blood of patients with MA were lower compared with those in the normal pregnancy and healthy non-pregnant controls. The results demonstrated that MA patients exhibited decreased levels of a peripheral Th2-related cytokine (IL-4) and E2. Furthermore, the low levels of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ T cells and IL-4 correlated positively with serum concentrations of E2. The data indicated that maternal immunological changes may reverse maternal tolerance in MA, and this phenomenon may be due to the interaction of E2 with CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ T cells and cytokines in MA. Source

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