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Xu L.F.,Xuzhou Medical College | Zhou X.L.,Xuzhou Medical College | Wang Q.,Xuzhou Medical College | Zhou J.L.,Xuzhou Medical College | And 11 more authors.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences | Year: 2015

In this study, we sought to determine the association between environmental factors and nonsyndromic cleft of the lip and/or palate (NSCLP) to understand the etiology of the disease. A total of 200 NSCLP cases and 327 controls were recruited at the Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Xuzhou City. We conducted face-to-face interviews with the mothers of both cases and controls. The factors increasing the risk of NSCLP were a positive family history [odds ratio (OR)=56.74], pesticide exposure (OR=8.90), and indoor decoration pollution (OR= 4.32). On the other hand, the factors decreasing the risk of NSCLP were a high education level (OR=0.22) and supplementation of folic acid (OR=0.23) and multivitamins (OR=0.16). Positive family history, pesticide exposure, and indoor decoration pollution are associated with the risk of NSCLP. In contrast, high education level and folic acid and multivitamin supplementation are protective factors against NSCLP. © 2015 The Editorial Board of Biomedical and Environmental Sciences.

Liu Y.-P.,Xuzhou Medical College | Xu L.-F.,Xuzhou Medical College | Wang Q.,Xuzhou Medical College | Zhou X.-L.,Xuzhou Medical College | And 10 more authors.
Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal | Year: 2015

Background: Non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) is among the most common congenital malformations. The etiology of NSCL/P remains poorly characterized owing to its complex genetic heterogeneity. The objective of this study was to identify genetic variants that increase susceptibility to NSCL/P. Material and Methods: Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed in 8 fetuses with NSCL/P in China. Bioinformatics analysis was performed using commercially available software. Variants detected by WES were validated by Sanger sequencing. Results: By filtering out synonymous variants in exons, we identified average 8575 nonsynonymous single nucle-otide variants (SNVs). We subsequently compared the SNVs against public databases including NCBI dbSNP build 135 and 1000 Genomes Project and obtained an average of 203 SNVs. Total 12 reported candidate genes were verified by Sanger sequencing. Sanger equencing also confirmed 16 novel SNVs shared by two or more samples. Conclusions: We have found and confirmed 16 susceptibility genes responsible for NSCL/P, which may play important role in the etiology of NSCL/P. The susceptibility genes identified in this study will not only be useful in revealing the etiology of NSCL/P but also in diagnosis and treatment of the patients with NSCL/P. © Medicina Oral S. L.

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