Zhang Y.-P.,Xi'an Jiaotong University |
Zhang L.-L.,Xi'an Jiaotong University |
Wei H.-H.,Xi'an Jiaotong University |
Zhang Y.,Xi'an Jiaotong University |
And 2 more authors.
Midwifery | Year: 2016
Background: there is growing evidence that fathers also experience post partum depression (PPD). However, paternal PPD has been less studied than maternal PPD. Very few studies have investigated PPD in first-time fathers from northwestern China. Objective: the purpose of this study was to investigate the occurrence and predictors of depressive symptoms in first-time fathers from northwestern China. Methods: a longitudinal study was conducted involving 180 couples who were assessed at three time periods: 3 days, 2 weeks and 6 weeks after childbirth. Self-reported questionnaires including Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC), and Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scale (KMSS) were administered to all participants during each time period. Findings: after childbirth 35 (21.1%) of the fathers at 3 days, 32 (20.4%) at 2 weeks and 20 (13.6%) at 6 weeks, indicated that they suffered from PPD. Paternal parental sense of competence, paternal marital satisfaction, and maternal depressive symptoms were among the main predictors for paternal PPD. Conclusion: the study results suggest that paternal PPD is a significant public health concern. Health professionals should focus attention on the psychological health among new fathers during the postpartum period; and, the psychosocial predictors should be considered and incorporated into clinical assessment and intervention of paternal PPD. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.