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Mi Y.,Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Shaanxi Province | Wang L.,Xian Jiaotong University | Zong L.,Xian Jiaotong University | Pei M.,Xian Jiaotong University | And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Objectives: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in putative microRNA binding sites (miRSNPs) modulate cancer susceptibility via affecting miRNA binding. Here, we sought to investigate the association between miRSNPs and cervical cancer risk. Methods: We first genotyped 41 miRSNPs of 37 cancer-related genes in 338 patients and 334 controls (Study 1), and replicated the significant associations in 502 patients and 600 controls (Study 2). We tested the effects of miRSNPs on microRNA-mRNA interaction by luciferase reporter assay. Results: Five SNPs displayed notable association with cervical cancer risk in Study 1. Only IL-16 rs1131445 maintained a significant association with cervical cancer (CT/CC vs. TT, adjusted OR = 1.51, P = 0.001) in Study 2. This association was more evident in the combined data of two studies (adjusted OR = 1.49, P = 0.00007). We also found that miR-135b mimics interacted with IL-16 3′-UTR to reduce gene expression and that the rs1131445 T to C substitution within the putative binding site impaired the interaction of miR-135b with IL-16 3′-UTR. An ELISA indicated that the serum IL-16 of patients with cervical cancer was elevated (vs. controls, P = 0.001) and correlated with the rs1131445 genotype. Patients who carried the rs1131445 C allele had higher serum IL-16 than non-carriers (P<0.001). Conclusions: These results support our hypothesis that miRSNPs constitute a susceptibility factor for cervical cancers. rs1131445 affects IL-16 expression by interfering with the suppressive function of miR135b and this variant is significantly associated with cervical cancer risk. © 2014 Mi et al.

Wei Y.J.,Xian Jiaotong University | Liu B.M.,Xian Jiaotong University | Zhou Y.H.,Xian Jiaotong University | Jia X.H.,Xian Jiaotong University | And 4 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2014

This study aimed to investigate the spectrum and features of congenital heart disease (CHD) in Xi’an, China using fetal echocardiography. All pregnant women referred for fetal echocardiography underwent a systematic fetal echocardiographic examination. Each case of complex defects was diagnosed according to the predominant pathophysiology, and the overall frequency of each defect was recorded and classified according to its location in the fetal heart. CHD was diagnosed in 195 fetuses. The top 5 types of CHD were, in order, single ventricle (15.9%, 31/195), atrioventricular septal defect (12.3%, 24/195), ventricular septal defect (VSD) (11.8%, 23/195), tetralogy of Fallot (10.8%, 21/195), and double-outlet right ventricle (8.2%, 16/195). The 195 cases of CHD comprised 316 defects in total. The most common defect was ventricular malformation (40.5%, 128/316), followed by great artery anomalies (38.0%, 120/316), endocardial cushion abnormalities (11.7%, 37/316), atrial abnormalities (6.6%, 21/316), and semilunar valve abnormalities (3.2%, 10/316). VSD accounted for the largest proportion (24.4%, 77/316) of the ventricular malformations. The total proportion of obstructive lesions in this group was much higher for the right than for the left side of the heart (18.4% (58/316) vs 9.5% (30/316), respectively). The spectrum of fetal CHD detected by echocardiography was much different compared to that accepted in the past. Complex defects were more common prenatally. Ventricular malformations were the largest constituent of all of the defects associated with fetal CHD, and VSD was the most common component of complex defects. Chinese fetal CHD encompassed more right-sided than left-sided obstructive lesions. © FUNPEC-RP.

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