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Jang K.H.,Materials Development Center | Kim E.-S.,Inha University | Jeon Y.H.,Inha University | Yoon J.-S.,Inha University
Journal of Polymer Engineering | Year: 2012

Na+ montmorillonite (MMT) was modified with benzyldimethyltetradecylammonium chloride (B13) and further with (3-mercaptopropyl)triethoxysilane and vinyltrimethoxysilane to prepare B13-MMT, mercaptomethylorthosilicate modified MMT (MTMO), and vinyltrimethoxysilane modified MMT (VTMO), respectively. The pristine and modified clays were compounded with an HTV-type silicone rubber (GP-30 ®?), and the physical properties and morphology of the resulting rubber composites were examined. Both HTV/ MTMO and HTV/VTMO exhibited an intercalated/exfoliated coexisting morphology, but the degree of exfoliation of the former composite was higher than that of the latter. Moreover, the thermal stability, as assessed by the onset temperature of thermal degradation, as well as the tensile stress, elongation at the break, and tear strength of HTV/MTMO was higher than those of HTV/B13-MMT and HTV/VTMO. However, the cross-linking density of HTV/MTMO was the lowest among the composites examined because the thiol groups of MTMO extinguished and abstracted the radicals formed by the curing agent. Accordingly, the improved mechanical and thermal properties of HTV/MTMO were attributed to the enhanced interactions between HTV and MTMO due to the chemical reaction between the thiol groups of MTMO and the vinyl groups of HTV.

Jo E.,Chonnam National University | Yeo J.-G.,Korea Institute of Energy Research | Kim D.K.,Korea Institute of Energy Research | Oh J.S.,Materials Development Center | Hong C.K.,Chonnam National University
Polymer International | Year: 2014

The pore size of carbon nanofiber materials was controlled by using the difference between the solubility parameters in binary polymer blends. The prepared carbon nanofiber webs with controlled meso-sized pores showed significantly improved electrochemical properties, and are applicable as electrode materials in energy storage systems. The relationships between the compatibility in binary polymer blends and the pore sizes of carbon nanofibers (CNFs) prepared from the blends were investigated. Compatibility was determined by the difference between the solubility parameters of each polymer in the polymer blends. Porous CNFs were prepared by an electrospinning and carbonization process using binary polymer blends, consisting of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) as the carbonizing polymer and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA), poly(ethylene glycol), poly(methyl methacrylate) or polystyrene (PS) as the pyrolyzing polymer. The pore size of the CNFs increased with increasing difference in solubility parameter. The CNFs prepared using the PAN/PAA blend, which had the smallest solubility parameter difference, exhibited a pore size of 1.66 nm compared to 18.24 nm for the CNFs prepared using the PAN/PS blend. The prepared CNF webs with controlled meso-sized pores showed a stable cycle performance in cyclic voltammetry measurements and improved impedance characteristics. This method focusing on the compatibility in polymer blends was simple to apply and effective for controlling the pore sizes and surface area of CNFs for application as electrode materials in energy storage systems. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry.

Oh J.S.,Materials Development Center | Lee S.-H.,Materials Development Center | Kim K.-J.,Inha University | Kim K.-J.,Dongah Tire and Rubber Co.
Polymer (Korea) | Year: 2015

The surface of nano-kenaf containing cellulose fibers was treated with alkali (NaOH) and their effects on the physical properties of the polypropylene (PP) composite were investigated. The treatment of alkali on the fibers increased the melt flow index (M.I.), elongation%, and impact strength, while it decreased the tensile strength, flexural modulus and heat deflection temperature (HDT) of the compound compared to the untreated one. It seemed the alkali treatment on the nano-kenaf fiber changed the character of the fiber due to removal of impurities and chemicals on the surface and resulted in decreased interfacial adhesion between the nano-fiber surface and the PP matrix and changed the character of the PP.

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