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Moscow, Russia

Epstein O.I.,Materia Medica Holding
Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine

Multiple dilutions of the original substance release its peculiar activity referred to as "releaseactivity". Although this activity originates from the initial substance, it does not depend on its negligible concentration in extreme dilutions. Thus, the terms "dose", "ultralow dose", and "homeopathic dose", do not correctly describe the release-active solutions, since the concept of dose implies the presence of some part of the original substance in a dilution with its intrinsic therapeutic potency. The data are reported on the molecular and cellular mechanisms of the mode of action of the release-active agents, some of which being introduced into clinical practice. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Duma S.N.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Rezakova M.V.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Mazhirina K.G.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Petrovskii E.D.,Russian Academy of Sciences | And 5 more authors.
Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of the brain was applied for preclinical evaluation of the efficiency of Divaza preparation intended for the treatment of cerebrovascular disorders. Psychological testing (Stroop task) in the magnetic field of fMRI was performed before and after 12-week treatment course using a double blind placebo-controlled protocol. It was shown that standard psychological and neuropsychological protocols do not allow fully estimate the results of treatment, whereas fMRI targeted the pool of cerebral structures activated during task solution. In the treatment group (in contrast to placebo), active zones in these structures were found only during task solution. Thus, resolution capability of fMRI significantly extends the range of rational screening by identifying active zones and can radically change the procedure of selection and clinical trials. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Lisachev P.D.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Pustylnyak V.O.,Russian Academy of Medical Sciences | Shtark M.B.,Russian Academy of Medical Sciences | Epstein O.I.,Materia Medica Holding
Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine

The effects of NMDA receptor blocker MK-801 on the increase in S100B protein mRNA content induced by long-term posttetanic potentiation in the hippocampal sections were studied. The level of S100B mRNA after 30-min tetanization in the presence of 10 μM MK-801 constituted 132% of the basal level, which was significantly (226%) lower than the control level. Hence, gene expression, induced by long-term posttetanic potentiation, in the glial cells (similarly as in the neurons) depended significantly on NMDA receptors. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Averyanov A.V.,Federal Medical and Biological Agency | Babkin A.P.,Voronezh State Medical Academy | Bart B.Ya.,Russian National Research Medical University | Volchetsky A.L.,Gn Gabrichevsky Moscow Research Institute Of Epidemiology And Microbiology | And 8 more authors.
Antibiotiki i Khimioterapiya

The narrow range of choice and virus resistance to the most common drugs require search and introduction of new drugs with proven efficacy and safety for the treatment of influenza. Ergoferon is a new combined medicine containing release active antibodies to interferon-γ (anti-IFNγ), CD4-coreceptor and histamine. The formulation influences various links of antiviral defense and provides antiinflammatory effect. The efficacy of the drug is related to its production process during which multiple reduction of the initial concentration of every component leads to release of special release activity. Previous experimental studies showed that anti-IFNγ had antiviral activity against pandemic influenza virus A (H1N1) 2009 comparable to that of oseltamivir (suppression of virus replication in the lung tissue, increase of the lifespan and reduction of the laboratory animals mortality). The aim of the multicentre randomized clinical trial was to compare (versus oseltamivir) the efficacy and safety of ergoferon in the treatment of influenza in adults. 213 patients with flu-like symptoms were examined in 8 medical centres of Russia during two epidemiological seasons (2010-11 and 2011-12). The inclusion criteria were: the first 48 hours after the onset; fever >37.8°C, at least one common symptom and at least one respiratory symptom. Influenza was confirmed in 52 patients by QuickVue rapid diagnosis. 23 patients received ergoferon according to the treatment scheme and 29 received oseltamivir (daily dose ISO mg). Duration of the treatment was 5 days. The patients were followed up for 7 days. The primary endpoint was the percentage of the patients with the body temperature normalization for 2-5 days of the treatment. The maximum efficacy of ergoferon was observed on the second day of the treatment: almost half (48%) of the initially febrile patients had normal body temperature (versus 28% in the patients treated with oseltamivir). The comparison of the two groups of the patients by the morning and evening measurements of the body temperature every five days of the treatment by Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel revealed a significant difference between the two groups (χ=7.1;p=0.008). The average duration of the fever in the group of ergoferon was 2.3±1.2 days, in the group of oseltamivir - 2.6±1.3 days (the efficacy of oseltamivir in the present study was comparable with the previously published data). The percentage of the patients treated with antipyretics because of hyperthermia on the second day of the treatment lowered 3 times and amounted to 17% (versus 41% in the oseltamivir group). The severity of common and respiratory symptoms (nose/throat/chest) significantly decreased on the third day of the treatment in both groups, the majority of the patients had either minimum severity or no signs of influenza. The clinical improvement was associated with positive changes in the life quality. No cases of the disease aggravation were recorded. Complications requiring antibiotic treatment or hospitalization were not observed during the followup. There were no adverse events recorded due to the drug use. No deviations in the laboratory indices were stated. Ergoferon is a new safe drug for the treatment of influenza. Its clinical efficacy was comparable to that of oseltamivir. The therapeutic effects of the drug were evident from: significant reduction of the disease severity, duration of febricity and general toxicity and respiratory flu symptoms, lower percentage of the patients with fever for 2 days. The febrile period in most of the patients did not exceed 2 days. Source

Yurlova E.I.,Materia Medica Holding | Krylova S.G.,Russian Academy of Medical Sciences | Dugina J.L.,Materia Medica Holding | Epstein O.I.,Materia Medica Holding
Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine

The effect of release-active antibodies to TNF-α (Artrofoon) on the development of Walker carcinosarcoma 256 was studied in Wistar rats. Intragastric dose of this drug significantly inhibited the growth of tumor node (55% inhibition of tumor growth), but less effectively than the reference drug cyclophosphamide (80%). The studied drug significantly prolonged animal' lifespan (+97%) and its efficiency in this respect was comparable to that of cyclophosphamide (+96%). © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

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