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Brno, Czech Republic

Hruba D.,Masarykovy University
Prakticky Lekar

Both active and passive smoking are associated with significantly enhanced colonization ot the respiratory tract by bacterial pathogens and with a higher risk of acute infectious diseases of upper and distal respiratory tract. Studies concerned about the measurement of tobacco quality have found many species of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, many of which are human pathogens or opportunistic pathogens. The bacterial contamination occurs during the tobacco growing process and bacterial species can survive not only the tobacco product manufacturing process, but also exposure to high temperatures and gases front a lit cigarette. Some species release bioactive endotoxins, which are present both in the main stream and sidestream of tobacco smoke. These results are another reason for the urgent introduction of a complete ban on smoking, and on the manipulation of tobacco, in places where sick persons and children are living, as they are more vulnerable to bacterial infections. Source

Noskova P.,Expertni Skupina Porodnicke Anestezie A Analgezie CSARIM | Klozova R.,Expertni Skupina Porodnicke Anestezie A Analgezie CSARIM | Blaha J.,Expertni Skupina Porodnicke Anestezie A Analgezie CSARIM | Seidlova D.,Expertni Skupina Porodnicke Anestezie A Analgezie CSARIM | And 2 more authors.
Anesteziologie a Intenzivni Medicina

The text is a part of a series of articles by Expert Group of Obstetric Anesthesia and Analgesia (ESPAA) on current problems in obstetric anaesthesia. This article presents the current view of the treatment and anaesthesia practice and the consequences of pre-eclampsia, eclampsia and HELLP syndrome. Source

Jirman P.,Masarykovy University | Goldbach M.,Masarykovy University | Gerslova E.,Masarykovy University
Geoscience Research Reports

The one dimensional model (1D) of thermal history and subsidence of the Slušovice-1 borehole was created in order to determine the thickness of missing units and determine temperature range reached during the Carpathian nappes thrusting. The reliability of the model was verified using vitrinite reflectance Rr [%] and the stabilized temperature T [°C] measured during pumping tests as calibration parameters. The comparison of modelled and measured data (Fig. 4) provided good fit. The final 1D model represents gradual thrusting of the Miocene infill alochthone part of the Carpathian Foredeep, comprising the Soláň, Beloveža and Zlín Formation on the autochthonous basement (Fig. 1) from 16.5 to 12 Ma (Picha et al. 2006). The Slušovice-1 borehole has specific maturation trend with depth and each individual nappe has own geothermal gradient and has to be modelled independently (Hantschel - Kauerauf 2008; Guster-huber et al. 2013). The resulting thickness of the missing parts for Zlín Formation is 3 200 m, for Beloveža Formation is 3 200 m, and for Soláň Formation is 4 920 m. The basal heat flow (HF) scenario during strata sedimentation (Fig. 3) respect published geological concept presented in Picha et al. (2006). Maximum modelled HF 95 mW/m2 was achieved during Paleozoic (Fig. 3). From that time the heat flow gradually decrease to 48 mW/m2. Following thrusting of the Carpathians nappes decreased the HF values to 40 mW/m2. The highest temperature ranging between 110 and 115 °C was achieved in bottom part of the Paleozoic floor at the depth of 4 600 m from 12to11 Ma (Fig. 5). Source

Goldbach M.,Masarykovy University | Gerslova E.,Masarykovy University | Nehyba S.,Masarykovy University | Jirman P.,Masarykovy University
Geoscience Research Reports

The boreholes Gottwaldov 1 and 2(G1 and G2) are comparable boreholes drilled in exploration area of the Vizovické vrchy Hills (Fig. 1). A 1D model of subsidence and the thermal history of G1 and G2boreholes was created in order to determine the boundary conditions, heat flow, and paleowater depth (Figs 2and 3). The measured vitrinite reflectance (% Rr) and the stabilized temperature data measured during pumping tests were used as independent calibration parameters (Hantschel - Kauerauf 2009). The model input data represent geological assumptions and anticipations such as paleogeographic reconstructions, paleo-water depth development (Fig. 2), and tectonic evolution of the basin. The basal heat flow (HF) was created using McKenzie's model (1978), and taking into consideration typical HF values published by Allen and Allen (2005). HF values were decreased by 3 mW/m2 to reflect thrusting according to the model development (Gusterhuber et al. 2013). The recent HF values were ranging from 38 mW/m2 (G1) to 41 mW/m2 (G2) (Fig. 3). The resulting model represents the best fit HF scenario and two alternative HF developments. The best fit HF scenario from multi 1D approach was used to verify 2D burial history modelling (Fig. 4). The 2D cross-section modelling was calibrated using similar calibration parameters as those used in 1D modelling and confirming HF decrease from multi 1D approach. Other parameters were also tested, but not fairly confirmed. An unswered question includes in particular the impact of Jurassic rift (Pícha et al. 2006), and/or the maturity increase caused by Tertiary volcanism. Source

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