Marylhurst University is a private Catholic liberal arts university located in Marylhurst, Oregon, United States, nine miles south of Portland on the Willamette River. It is among the oldest collegiate degree-granting institutions in Oregon, awarding its first degree in 1897. Marylhurst was founded and run for many years by the Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary, a Roman Catholic teaching Roman Catholic religious institute. Wikipedia.
Ferry M.D.,George Mason University |
Richards C.,Marylhurst University
Critical Public Health | Year: 2015
Foucault uses the term ‘biopower’ to describe the totalizing effects of regulation of life through the manipulation of political messages, such as those in the obesity debate. This paper attempts to uncover ways in which these flows are made manifest among members of a public online weight loss surgery (WLS) discussion forum. Drawing from Foucauldian scholarship, we spent two-and-a-half years conducting a critical discourse analysis of over 2000 conversational threads on one US-based public discussion forum devoted to providing a support community to those who were considering WLS. Our intent is to analyze how ‘truths’ about the surgery are constructed among and between the community participants at different stages of the surgery to identify how they engage with ideologies associated with contemporary obesity and healthism. © 2014, © 2014 Taylor & Francis.
Beer L.E.,Marylhurst University
Nordic Journal of Music Therapy | Year: 2016
Music therapy is an evidence-based, non-pharmacological treatment for dementia and the accompanying symptoms of agitation, anxiety, and behavioral issues. Administrators of health care organizations find the modality appealing for its benefits and also for the growing evidence that music therapy is a cost-effective intervention. Music therapists are recognized to be qualified clinicians of a research-supported practice which is particularly effective with clients who have advanced dementia. We are able to access memory, speech, and interactive abilities thought to be destroyed by the disease of dementia. We are, therefore, educationally and clinically adept at creating communications with clients that other professional helpers may struggle to achieve. How we use tone of voice, rhythm and melody, and nuances of gesture are skills that can be taught to fellow caregivers. This article draws upon knowledge gleaned from the author having conducted over 20 enhanced communication trainings with nurses, students, community members, and other caregivers who have an interest in dementia care, and also a study she conducted that showed significance in how this type of training affected caregivers. Here, suggestions are offered to guide music therapists in reimagining their work and designing a format for educating other professionals involved in the care of people with advanced dementia. © 2016 GAMUT – The Grieg Academy Music Therapy Research Centre
Gillon S.,Marylhurst University |
Gillon S.,University of Wisconsin - Madison |
Booth E.G.,University of Wisconsin - Madison |
Rissman A.R.,University of Wisconsin - Madison
Regional Environmental Change | Year: 2015
Understanding the conditions that enable or constrain success in environmental governance is crucial for developing effective interventions and adapting approaches. Efforts to achieve and assess success in environmental quality improvement are often impeded by changes in conditions that drive outcomes but lie outside the scope of intervention and monitoring. We document how long-term changes in land use, agriculture, and climate act as non-stationary, shifting drivers of change that combine to render water quality management interventions less effective and increasingly difficult to assess. Focusing on the Yahara River watershed of south-central Wisconsin, USA, we ask how baselines influence program modeling, monitoring, and evaluation, as well as adaptation in governance approach. Through historical trend, GIS, and policy and qualitative data analyses, we find that changes in long-term land use and precipitation pattern dynamics exert tremendous pressure on water quality outcomes but are not captured in snapshot baseline assessments used in management planning or evaluation. Specifically, agricultural sector change related to the intensification of milk and manure production is increasingly challenging to address through best management practices, and flashier precipitation associated with climate change makes it difficult to achieve goals and establish a causal connection between management interventions and outcomes. Analysis of shifting drivers demonstrates challenges facing environmental governance in the context of climatic and social–ecological change. We suggest that goal setting, program design, and evaluation incorporate new modes of analysis that address slowly changing and external determinants of success. © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Beer L.E.,Marylhurst University
Music Therapy Perspectives | Year: 2016
This article introduces the music therapy community to several strategies for conducting qualitative research in a way that honors and respects participant experiences, and also integrates the primary form of our clinical practice: that of music. Music therapy researchers are just beginning to grasp the full capabilities of incorporating music directly into qualitative research studies. Arts-based research (ABR) is an established approach to social science as well as creative arts therapies research, yet is not well formulated or integrated into the design, data-collection methods, or representation of themes and findings in music therapy studies. Adding music, with its power to illuminate hidden aspects of the human experience, to methodology is a sound approach. As noted in ABR, when creative arts are included in the promulgation of a research project's findings, otherwise inaccessible data pieces become part of an interactive event for readers in which they not only intellectually comprehend how a participant experienced the phenomenon being studied, but also emotionally and intuitively respond to what they hear. When the audience/reader of a research study listens to musical data, deeper understanding and multilayered, nonlinear insights and reactions are evoked. This article brings to the reader the following: a review of music therapy literature; examples of including music in research design and implementation; and suggestions for integrating music into all phases of methodology. © the American Music Therapy Association 2015. All rights reserved.
Slayton S.C.,Marylhurst University
Arts in Psychotherapy | Year: 2012
One way to facilitate social change as an art therapist is within the context of group art therapy, utilizing the group as a social microcosm for the world at large. The overarching goal is to engage the group in meaningful and prosocial experience that mirrors . community experiences many clients have lacked. For a group of adolescent males who had suffered the effects of some of our worst social problems-rampant community and domestic violence, racial and ethnic conflict, child abuse and neglect, parental substance abuse and criminality, poverty, and untreated mental illness in families-this task is complex. The impact of disrupted attachment and complex trauma is discussed, and implications are presented for connecting with traumatized youth through witnessing their creative work. The therapeutic relationship and the art media used are discussed in relation to multicultural issues, the specific psycho-social problems experienced by the individual group members, and the capacity of this group to engage in the construction and ultimate articulation of its own community in a visual manner. The product of this group art therapy experience is exhibited in a mixed-construction miniature city that was built over a period of 9 weeks. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Allen P.,Marylhurst University
Research in Rural Sociology and Development | Year: 2014
Food movements and organizations are increasingly complementing their longstanding emphasis on environment with a focus on social justice. This conceptual chapter discusses dimensions in which engagements in this arena diverge and converge along a continuum from neoliberalization to opposition/structural change. Categories and visions of social justice vary widely, highlighting certain social categories and locations while eliding others. Gender, in particular, is a social category that is a key factor in the allocation of power and privilege, but that has not been significantly addressed in efforts toward social justice in most food movements. The topics and categories movements consider most important determine their assignments of energies. These assignments in turn create common understandings of priorities and mechanisms for changing the food system, although they may omit consideration of key axes of oppression.For example, strategic preferences for family farms and food-system localization may not consider legacies and contemporary practices of enslavement, exploitation, and patriarchy. As movements increase their focus on social justice, they can engage in critical reflection and dialogue to interrogate the nature of conditions of injustice and the causes behind these conditions. This would include examining how practices and discourses of racism, classism, and sexism - along with the ways they intersect - have shaped, reflect, and reproduce the food system. This process must privilege the participation, perspectives, and priorities of those who suffer from injustice. It can then best illuminate strategic definitions and pathways that can move toward transformation of a food system grounded in conditions of social justice. Copyright © 2014 by Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Guillozet K.,Marylhurst University
Environmental Management | Year: 2015
This paper describes the regulatory and compliance context for Oregon’s emerging ecosystem services (ES) market in riparian shade to meet water quality obligations. In Oregon’s market as with many other ES programs, contracts and other regulatory documents not only delimit the obligations and liabilities of different parties, but also constitute a primary mechanism through which ES service delivery is measured. Through a review of compliance criteria I find that under Oregon’s shade trades, permittees are held to a number of input-based criteria, which essentially affirm that parties comply with predetermined practices and procedures, and one ‘pseudo output based’ criterion, in which ES delivery is estimated through a model. The case presented in the paper critically engages with the challenges of measuring ES and in assessing the outcomes of ES projects. It places these challenges as interrelated and proposes that market designers, policymakers, and other stakeholders should consider explicit efficacy, efficiency, and equity targets. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Gillon S.,Marylhurst University
Environment and Planning A | Year: 2014
This paper analyzes the scientific practices that constitute carbon economies by rendering carbon countable, fungible, and governable. Examining US biofuel governance, I draw on field research and document and policy analyses to consider the roles state, private industry, and civil society actors play in negotiating scientific practice in biofuel governance and to explore the geographically uneven consequences of contrasting science- society configurations. This research illustrates the complex and contradictory roles of nature's quantification and state-supported science in carbon economies. Although nature's quantification as carbon was initially used as a technology of opposition and accountability to limit vested interest power and maintain biofuels' greenhouse gas reduction capacity, it ultimately served industry interests by focusing policy deliberation on technical issues industry deftly navigated and away from policy rationale, value conflict, and biofuels' broader social-ecological consequences. Drawing attention to state-supported environmental risk assessment and place-based approaches to integrating science and agriculture, this research describes multiple, conflicting modes of state scientific practice and emphasizes the importance of considering multiple scientific perspectives in climate change research and intervention. I argue that, rather than focusing on mitigating climate change through universal, carbon-focused science alone, future science-society configurations should include efforts to build institutional capacity for transformation and adaptation to confront uneven and changing social-ecological circumstances using site-specific scientific knowledge.
Gillon S.,Marylhurst University
Journal of Peasant Studies | Year: 2016
Flexible allocation of crops among food and non-food uses is a key driver of global agri-food system change. Focusing on United States corn production, I explore the dynamics of flex crops, scrutinizing agri-industrial relationships and the distribution of agri-food system value and control. I situate crop flexing as exchanging use value, as opposed to converting use into exchange value without altering the commodity's use. Asking ‘Flexible for whom?' in the context of agri-food system crises, I find: (1) flex crops exacerbate contradictory food security and over supply crises, and that the distribution of flexibility and benefit in the agri-food system they provide depends on the organization of labor; (2) crises of accumulation tie flex crops to agri-food system financialization, which subordinates use to exchange value, obfuscating their relationship and distancing agricultural products and uses from their basis in nature and labor; and (3) debates over US corn flexing illustrate the utility of focusing on power and politics in crop flexing decisions and demonstrate US corn flexing to be a fix for climate and accumulation crises. Findings suggest that examining the distribution of value and control and the positions of labor and nature in the agri-food system may be productive for global flex crop research and advocacy in the future. © 2016 Taylor & Francis.
PubMed | Marylhurst University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Environmental management | Year: 2015
This paper describes the regulatory and compliance context for Oregons emerging ecosystem services (ES) market in riparian shade to meet water quality obligations. In Oregons market as with many other ES programs, contracts and other regulatory documents not only delimit the obligations and liabilities of different parties, but also constitute a primary mechanism through which ES service delivery is measured. Through a review of compliance criteria I find that under Oregons shade trades, permittees are held to a number of input-based criteria, which essentially affirm that parties comply with predetermined practices and procedures, and one pseudo output based criterion, in which ES delivery is estimated through a model. The case presented in the paper critically engages with the challenges of measuring ES and in assessing the outcomes of ES projects. It places these challenges as interrelated and proposes that market designers, policymakers, and other stakeholders should consider explicit efficacy, efficiency, and equity targets.