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Bendell J.C.,Sarah Cannon Research Institute | Nemunaitis J.,Mary Crowley Cancer Research Center | Vukelja S.J.,Texas Oncology | Hagenstad C.,Suburban Hematology Oncology | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2011

Purpose: In a multicenter, double-blind phase II trial, we compared the efficacy and safety of perifosine plus capecitabine (P-CAP) with placebo plus capecitabine (CAP) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) who had progressed after as many as two prior therapies. Patients and Methods: Patients (n = 38) not previously treated with capecitabine received P-CAP (perifosine 50 mg orally once daily, days 1 to 21 and CAP 825 mg/m 2 orally twice daily, days 1 to 14) or CAP (825 mg/m 2 orally twice daily, days 1 to 14) in 21-day cycles until disease progression. The primary end point was time to progression (TTP). Secondary end points included overall survival (OS), overall response rate (ORR), safety, and tolerability. Results: Twenty patients were randomly assigned to P-CAP and 18 to CAP. Median TTP (27.5 v 10.1 weeks; P < .001) and median OS (17.7 v 7.6 months; P = .0052) were improved in patients receiving P-CAP versus CAP. ORR was 20% v 7% in the P-CAP and CAP groups, respectively, and one patient in the P-CAP group had a complete response. A subset analysis of fluorouracilrefractory patients showed a median TTP of 17.6 v 9.0 weeks (P < .001) and median OS of 15.1 v 6.5 months (P = .0061). Toxicities, including diarrhea, nausea, fatigue, and hand-foot syndrome, were manageable. Conclusion: P-CAP showed promising clinical activity compared with CAP in previously treated patients with mCRC. A phase III trial is underway comparing P-CAP with CAP in patients with refractory mCRC. © 2011 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.

Rudin C.M.,Johns Hopkins University | Poirier J.T.,Johns Hopkins University | Senzer N.N.,Mary Crowley Cancer Research Center | Burroughs K.D.,Neotropix | And 3 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2011

Purpose: Seneca Valley Virus (SVV-001) is a novel naturally occurring replication-competent picornavirus with potent and selective tropism for neuroendocrine cancer cell types, including small cell lung cancer. We conducted a first-in-human, first-in-class phase I clinical trial of this agent in patients with cancers with neuroendocrine features, including small cell lung cancer. Experimental Design: Clinical evaluation of single intravenous doses in patients with cancers with neuroendocrine features was performed across five log-increments from 107 to 1011 vp/kg. Toxicity, viral titers and clearance, neutralizing antibody development, and tumor response were assessed. Results: A total of 30 patients were treated with SVV-001, including six with small cell carcinoma at the lowest dose of 107 vp/kg. SVV-001 was well tolerated, with no dose-limiting toxicities observed in any dose cohort. Viral clearance was documented in all subjects and correlated temporally with development of antiviral antibodies. Evidence of in vivo intratumoral viral replication was observed among patients with small cell carcinoma, with peak viral titers estimated to be >103-fold higher than the administered dose. One patient with previously progressive chemorefractory small cell lung cancer remained progression-free for 10 months after SVV-001 administration, and is alive over 3 years after treatment. Conclusions: Intravenous SVV-001 administration in patients is well tolerated at doses up to 1011 vp/kg, with predictable viral clearance kinetics, intratumoral viral replication, and evidence of antitumor activity in patients with small cell lung cancer. Phase II clinical evaluation in small cell lung cancer is warranted, and has been initiated. ©2011 AACR.

Smith D.A.,Compass Oncology | Smith D.A.,Us Oncology Research | Conkling P.,Us Oncology Research | Richards D.A.,Us Oncology Research | And 9 more authors.
Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy | Year: 2014

Background: IMO-2055 is a Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) agonist that potentially enhances the efficacy of antitumor agents through immune stimulation. The objective of this phase Ib dose-escalation trial (3 + 3 design) was to determine the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of IMO-2055 when combined with erlotinib and bevacizumab in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: Patients with stage 3/4 NSCLC and progressive disease (PD) following chemotherapy received IMO-2055 0.08, 0.16, 0.32, or 0.48 mg/kg once weekly plus erlotinib 150 mg daily and bevacizumab 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks. Patients could receive treatment until PD or unacceptable toxicity. Results: Thirty-six patients were enrolled; 35 received at least one treatment dose. Two dose-limiting toxicities were observed across the dose range (Grade 3 dehydration and fatigue) with neither suggestive of a consistent toxicity pattern. IMO-2055 0.32 mg/kg was adopted as RP2D based on clinical and pharmacodynamic data. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were diarrhea (74 %), nausea (51 %), fatigue (51 %), rash (51 %), and injection-site reactions (49 %). Four patients experienced serious TEAEs considered to be study drug related. Five patients died, all due to PD. High-grade neutropenia and electrolyte disturbances previously reported with TLR9 agonists combined with platinum-based therapy were not observed in this study. Five of 33 patients evaluable for response (15 %) achieved partial response; another 20 (61 %) had stable disease, including 13 with stable disease ≥4 months. Conclusions: IMO-2055 demonstrated good tolerability and possible antitumor activity in combination with erlotinib and bevacizumab in heavily pretreated patients with advanced NSCLC. © 2014 Springer-Verlag.

Bowles D.W.,University of Colorado at Denver | Senzer N.,Mary Crowley Cancer Research Center | Hausman D.,Oncothyreon | Peterson S.,Oncothyreon | And 4 more authors.
Investigational New Drugs | Year: 2014

Background This phase I, dose-finding study determined the safety, maximum tolerated dose (MTD)/recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D), and antitumor activity of PX-866, a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor, combined with cetuximab in patients with incurable colorectal cancer or squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Methods PX-866 was administered at escalating doses (6-8 mg daily) combined with cetuximab given at a 400 mg/m2 loading dose followed by 250 mg/m2 weekly. A "3 + 3" study design was used. Prior therapy with anti-EGFR therapies, including cetuximab, was allowed. Results Eleven patients were enrolled. The most frequent treatment-emergent adverse event was diarrhea (90.1 %), followed by hypomagnesemia (72.2 %), vomiting (72.2 %), fatigue (54.5 %), nausea (54.5 %), rash (45.5 %) and peripheral edema (40 %). No dose limiting toxicities were observed. The RP2D was 8 mg, the same as the single-agent PX-866 MTD. Best responses in 9 evaluable patients were: 4 partial responses (44.4 %), 4 stable disease (44.4 %), and 1 disease progression (11.1 %). The median progression free survival was 106 days (range: 1-271). Conclusion Treatment with PX-866 and cetuximab was tolerated with signs of anti-tumor activity. Further development of this combination is warranted. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Brunicardi F.C.,Baylor College of Medicine | Gibbs R.A.,Baylor College of Medicine | Wheeler D.A.,Baylor College of Medicine | Nemunaitis J.,Mary Crowley Cancer Research Center | And 3 more authors.
World Journal of Surgery | Year: 2011

Personalized genomic medicine and surgery (PGMS) represents a new approach to health care that customizes patients' medical treatment according to their own genetic information. This new approach is the result of increased knowledge of the human genome and ways this information can be applied by physicians in the medical and surgical management of their patients. A patient's genotype can yield important information concerning disease susceptibility and the effectiveness of medications, therefore guiding specific, targeted imaging and treatment therapies. This review summarizes major achievements of human genomic studies and applications of genomics in health care. Five years ago we developed a model for the development of PGMS in which genomic profile guides choice of therapy. In this article we discussed our progress, including an updating of the model, and a future vision of PGMS. © 2011 Société Internationale de Chirurgie.

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