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Staunton, VA, United States

Mary Baldwin College is a private liberal arts, master’s-level university in Staunton, Virginia, USA. It was founded in 1842 by Rufus William Bailey as the Augusta Female Seminary. Mary Baldwin College is one of three women’s colleges in Virginia. The four-year institution offers residential undergraduate programs for women as well as co-educational adult degree programs and graduate degree programs.The college is the oldest institution of higher education for women in the nation affiliated with the Presbyterian Church, and it is home to the only all-female corps of cadets in the world. U.S. News & World Report listed MBC as the within the Top 50 Regional Universities in the South for the 2015 edition of “Best Colleges.” Wikipedia.

Dewitz P.,Mary Baldwin College | Graves M.F.,University of Minnesota
Reading Teacher | Year: 2014

The goal of the Common Core State Standards, college and career readiness, is dependent of teaching for transfer - the ability to apply the knowledge, skills and disposition learned in one context to another or future context. In this article we discuss the types of transfer, automatic application or deliberate conscious application. We then discuss what teachers can do to insure that students will transfer what they learn to new and future contexts. © 2014 International Reading Association.

Coll M.,U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology | Coll M.,CSIC - Institute of Materials Science | Gergel-Hackett N.,U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology | Gergel-Hackett N.,Mary Baldwin College | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Physical Chemistry C | Year: 2011

Formation of electrical contacts to organic molecules by using a scalable technique that preserves molecular integrity is a key development toward reliable fabrication of nanoscale molecular architectures. Here we report the structural and electrical properties of metal-monolayer-silicon junctions fabricated by using Flip Chip Lamination (FCL), a novel, low cost, and nondestructive approach. The effect of junction formation is studied with both aliphatic and aromatic molecular backbones. The ω-functionalized monolayers are first formed on ultrasmooth gold via a thiol linkage and then laminated to H-Si via a thiol or alkene linkage. The application of pressure and temperature enables formation of the nanoscale molecular junctions chemically tethered to two electrodes. The molecular structure and interfacial chemistry within the electrical structure are investigated by using polarized backside-reflection absorption infrared spectroscopy (pb-RAIRS) and current-voltage (I-V) measurements. The confined organic monolayers maintain an overall structure similar to the original self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on gold with small changes in the configuration of the molecular backbone attributed to lamination and bonding of the molecular terminal group to silicon and exhibiting electrical dielectric integrity. The optimal lamination conditions for each monolayer are dependent on the surface free energy, monolayer conformation, ambient conditions, and reaction of the molecular functionality with the silicon substrate. We demonstrate the structural and electrical integrity at the monolayer level of a variety of organic molecules bonded to both silicon and metal electrodes by probing the effect of molecular backbone (aliphatic vs aromatic) and molecule-electrode interface. FCL enables formation of an extended variety of molecular junctions to identify the critical factors in charge transport across metal-molecule-silicon nanoelectronic architectures. © This article not subject to U.S. Copyright. Published 2011 by the American Chemical Society.

Epps M.J.,North Carolina State University | Epps M.J.,Mary Baldwin College | Allison S.E.,James Madison University | Wolfe L.M.,University of KwaZulu - Natal
American Naturalist | Year: 2015

Although many angiosperms are serviced by flying pollinators, reports of wings as pollen vectors are rare. Flame azalea (Rhododendron calendulaceum) is visited by diverse insects, yet previous observations suggested that only butterfly wings may transfer pollen to stigmas. We used an experimental approach to determine whether butterfly wings are the primary vehicle of pollination in flame azalea. Over two seasons of observations, only butterflies (Papilio glaucus and Speyeria cybele) contacted both anthers and stigmas, yet because of differences in wing-flapping behavior, P. glaucus transferred pollen most efficiently. In contrast, bee species specialized either on pollen or nectar but did not contact both anthers and stigmas. A field experiment revealed that flowers excluding butterflies experienced almost complete fruit failure, whereas fruit set in open flowers did not differ from those that were hand pollinated. Additionally, butterflies had 56-fold more azalea pollen on their wings than bodies, while azalea stigmas bore both pollen and wing scales. These results suggest that plants with many visitors contacting reproductive organs may still specialize on a single guild of visitors for pollination and that wing-borne pollen transfer is a key mode of flame azalea pollination. © 2015 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved.

Gergel-Hackett N.,U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology | Gergel-Hackett N.,Mary Baldwin College | Aguilar I.,U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology | Richter C.A.,U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology
Journal of Physical Chemistry C | Year: 2010

We demonstrate that charge transport through a CMOS-compatible molecular electronic device is dominated by one of two different transport regimes depending on the dipole of the molecular monolayer in the junction, doping level of the silicon substrate, and bias applied to the device. The two observed transport regimes are (1) a regime where the transport is limited by the Schottky barrier and the molecular dipole results in silicon band-bending at the junction interface and (2) a tunneling regime where the molecular dipole creates a small local electric field that screens the electrical transport. © 2010 American Chemical Society.

McCleaf K.J.,Mary Baldwin College
Journal of Homosexuality | Year: 2014

Narratives from 33 sexual minority women were examined to discover what factors contributed to their ability to acquire academic success, and what, if any, attributions are evident in some sexual minority women's experiences that provide the ability to persist and graduate. Coping strategies the participants used to gain the resiliency and persistence necessary to acquire academic success are discussed. Intrinsic themes were work ethic values, altruism, and self-efficacy. Extrinsic themes were mentors, family, and friends. Sexual minority women identified the complexity of intrinsic and extrinsic attributions that were used to successfully complete a four-year undergraduate degree in the United States. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

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