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Matsumoto Nagano, Japan

Sakane N.,Clinical Research Institute | Sato J.,Nagoya University | Tsushita K.,Comprehensive Health Science Center | Tsujii S.,Diabetes Center | And 11 more authors.
BMC Public Health | Year: 2011

Background: A randomized control trial was performed to test whether a lifestyle intervention program, carried out in a primary healthcare setting using existing resources, can reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes in Japanese with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). The results of 3 years' intervention are summarized. Methods. Through health checkups in communities and workplaces, 304 middle-aged IGT subjects with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 24.5 kg/m2 were recruited and randomized to the intervention group or control group. The lifestyle intervention was carried out for 3 years by public health nurses using the curriculum and educational materials provided by the study group. Results: After 1 year, the intervention had significantly improved body weight (-1.5 ± 0.7 vs. -0.7 ± 2.5 kg in the control; p = 0.023) and daily non-exercise leisure time energy expenditure (25 ± 113 vs. -3 ± 98 kcal; p = 0.045). Insulin sensitivity assessed by the Matsuda index was improved by the intervention during the 3 years. The 3-year cumulative incidence tended to be lower in the intervention group (14.8% vs.8.2%, log-rank test: p = 0.097). In a sub-analysis for the subjects with a BMI > 22.5 kg/m2, a significant reduction in the cumulative incidence was found (p = 0.027). Conclusions: The present lifestyle intervention program using existing healthcare resources is beneficial in preventing diabetes in Japanese with IGT. This has important implications for primary healthcare-based diabetes prevention. Trial registration number. UMIN000003136. © 2011 Sakane et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Hotta K.,Saku Central Hospital | Oyama T.,Saku Central Hospital | Akamatsu T.,Shinshu University | Tomori A.,Saku Central Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Internal Medicine | Year: 2010

Objective: Outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric neoplasms at low-volume centers have been unknown, because all previous reports have studied in advanced single centers. The aim of this study was to compare ESD outcomes between high- and low-volume centers. Methods: A retrospective questionnaire survey was conducted and 30 centers (96.8%) responded. The complete en-bloc resection rate (CERR) and the incidence of complications were analyzed. Early gastric cancer (EGC) was divided into three categories on the basis of pathological diagnosis-standard indication (SI), expanded indication (EI) and out-of-indication (OI). Results: A total of 703 early gastric neoplasms (586 EGCs, 117 gastric adenomas) were treated with ESD from January to December 2005. The institutions that treated more than 30 cases a year were classified as high-volume centers, and those with less than 30 cases, low-volume centers. In SI, the CERRs at high- and low-volume centers were 92.1% and 91.1%, in EI, CERRs were 86.2% and 82.6% and in OI, CERRs were 80.3% and 88.0%. The perforation rates at high- and low-volume centers were 3.6% and 4.7%. The intraoperative bleeding rates at high- and low-volume centers were 0.26% and 0%, while the delayed bleeding rates were 0% and 0.63%. Conclusion: There were no significant difference in the outcomes of ESD for early gastric neoplasms between high- and low volume centers. © 2010 The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine. Source

Akahane T.,Shinshu Ueda Medical Center | Mori N.,Shinshu Ueda Medical Center | Nakatsuchi Y.,Marunouchi Hospital
Journal of Medical Case Reports | Year: 2015

Introduction: Myositis ossificans is a benign, self-limiting, tumor-like lesion that usually affects the elbow and thigh; occurrence in the hand is uncommon. We report a rare case of a patient with myositis ossificans in the thenar region. Case presentation: A 15-year-old Japanese girl presented to our hospital with a 2-month history of a painful mass in the right thenar region without previous trauma. The clinical and radiological examination findings suggested an osteoblastic malignancy. A diagnosis of myositis ossificans was made on the basis of an incisional biopsy. Despite the location of the lesion in the thenar region, a normal functional outcome was achieved after marginal resection of the mature lesion. Conclusions: Clinicians should consider myositis ossificans as a possible diagnosis for a soft tissue mass in the hand, thereby avoiding unnecessarily aggressive therapy. © 2015 Akahane et al.; licensee BioMed Central. Source

Bae J.Y.,Medical Simulation | Han D.-W.,Pusan National University | Wakitani S.,Osaka City University | Nawata M.,Marunouchi Hospital | Hyon S.H.,Medical Simulation
Cell Transplantation | Year: 2010

The beneficial effects of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG) on the nonfrozen preservation of mammalian cells and tissues are generally not well understood. A storage solution containing EGCG was employed to test the hypothesis that EGCG is capable of extending the storage duration for the cold preservation of articular cartilages. Human articular cartilages were preserved in a storage solution composed of serum-free RPMI-1640 medium with 1% antibiotic-antimycotic solution and 1 mM EGCG at 4°C for 1, 2, and 4 weeks. The chondrocyte viability (CCK-8 assay), biochemical and immunohistochemical composition [glycosaminoglycans (GAG) and (type II) collagen], and biomechanical property (compressive elastic modulus) were assessed. The chondrocyte viability of the cartilages preserved with EGCG was significantly well maintained for at least 2 weeks with high content of GAG and total collagen. These beneficial effects of EGCG were confirmed by the immunohistochemical observations of well-preserved cartilaginous structures and delayed denaturation of the extracellular matrix in preserved cartilages. There was no significant difference in the compressive elastic modulus (MPa) between the cartilages preserved with and without EGCG. These results suggest that EGCG may play an effective role in preserving osteochondral allografts, which can be exploited in devising strategies for the long-term preservation of other tissues under cold storage conditions. Copyright © 2010 Cognizant Comm. Corp. Source

Kimura T.,Shinshu University | Shinji A.,Red Cross | Horiuchi A.,Digestive Disease Center | Tanaka N.,Shinshu University | And 8 more authors.
Digestive Diseases and Sciences | Year: 2012

Background: Ischemic colitis (IC) typically develops in the elderly, where hypertension, cerebrocardiovascular disease, and past history of abdominal surgery are regarded as risk factors. Although there have been reports of younger patients with IC, its clinical features remain unclear. Aim: The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical characteristics of IC in young adults. Methods: Three hundred fifty-nine patients were diagnosed as having IC at five hospitals across Nagano prefecture, Japan. Clinical data were compared between the young patient group [20-45 years, n = 53 (15%)] and the elderly patient group [>45 years, n = 306 (85%)], as well as with age- and gender-matched healthy individuals (n = 156). Results: The presence of a smoking habit and hyperuricemia were significantly higher in the young patient group compared with the elderly patient group (42 vs. 19%, P = 0.001 and 8 vs. 1%, P = 0.019, respectively), which was confirmed by multiple logistic regression analysis (P = 0.001, odds ratio 3.239 and P = 0.028, odds ratio 16.907, respectively). Additionally, multiple logistic regression analysis of the young IC patient group and age- and gender-matched healthy individuals demonstrated that these two factors were strongly associated with IC development (P = 0.008, odds ratio 2.49 for smoking habit and P = 0.039, odds ratio 6.37 for hyperuricemia). Conclusions: High prevalences of a smoking habit and hyperuricemia are characteristic features of IC in the young adult population. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012. Source

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