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Szombathely, Hungary

Nagy J.,University of Pecs | Lakner L.,Markusovszky Hospital | Poor Viktor S. V.S.,University of Pecs | Pandur E.,University of Pecs | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Crohn's and Colitis | Year: 2010

Background and Aims: One of the major symptoms of chronic inflammatory bowel diseases is anemia. The two most common diseases are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Anemia may develop due to intestinal bleeding, iron absorption disturbances, or high levels of inflammatory cytokines. It is not clear whether or not hepcidin, the only known hormone regulating cellular iron uptake in mammals is involved. The transcription of hepcidin is controlled by the iron status of the body, hypoxia, and/or inflammation. This study was meant to find relationship between serum prohepcidin levels and clinical parameters of iron homeostasis or inflammatory state in patients suffering from Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis. Methods: Serum prohepcidin levels were measured with ELISA in 72 patients diagnosed with ulcerative colitis and 30 patients suffering from Crohn's disease. Results: In both groups serum iron levels were lower, while levels of C-reactive protein were higher than in the healthy controls. Serum prohepcidin levels showed no significant differences compared to those in the control group. In the affected patients only weak correlations were observed between prohepcidin levels and diagnostic parameters: in Crohn's disease prohepcidin levels correlated positively with transferrin levels, total iron-binding capacity, transferrin saturation, activity index, and serum albumin levels, while in ulcerative coltitis prohepcidin levels were related to transferrin levels and transferrin saturation. Conclusion: It seems obvious that serum prohepcidin level determination in itself is not a satisfactory diagnostic or prognostic measure in anemia of chronic inflammatory bowel diseases. © 2010 European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation.

Fuvesi J.,University of Szeged | Bencsik K.,University of Szeged | Losonczi E.,University of Szeged | Fricska-Nagy Zs.,University of Szeged | And 6 more authors.
Journal of the Neurological Sciences | Year: 2010

Background: The 'Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Instrument' (MSQOL-54) was recently validated in Hungarian, on more than 400 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The aim of the present study was to examine the impact on their overall quality of life (QoL) of the demographic and clinical data on these patients, and their scores on different QoL scales. Methods: The Hungarian version of MSQOL-54 was given to patients at the outpatient units at the Department of Neurology, University of Szeged, and two other Hungarian MS centres. Additional data, including the EDSS scores of the patients, and relevant clinical and demographic data, were also collected. Results: The questionnaire scales relating to social function, general health, mental health and satisfaction with the sexual function mostly determined the overall QoL ratings. 62.1% of the patients indicated at least one comorbid condition. Depressed patients had a significantly worse quality of life (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: MSQOL-54 is a useful tool for the recognition of possibly treatable factors influencing the QoL, but not assessed by the EDSS. Quality of life data have emerged on more than 400 patients, i.e. a considerable proportion of the Hungarian MS patient population. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Terenziani M.,Fondazione Istituto Nazionale Dei Tumori | Spinelli M.,Fondazione MBBM | Jankovic M.,Fondazione MBBM | Bardi E.,Markusovszky Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Pediatric Blood and Cancer | Year: 2014

Background: Fertility is impaired in many survivors of childhood cancer following treatment. Preservation of fertility after cancer has become a central survivorship concern. Nevertheless, several doctors, patients, and families do not discuss fertility and recommendations for fertility preservation in pediatrics are still lacking. Recommendations based on scientific evidence are needed and before their development we wanted to assess the practice patterns of fertility preservation in Europe. Procedures: On behalf of the PanCare network, we sent a questionnaire to pediatric onco-hematology institutions across Europe. The survey consisted of 21 questions assessing their usual practices around fertility preservation. Results: One hundred ninety-eight institutional representatives across Europe received the survey and 68 (response rate 34.3%) responded. Pre-treatment fertility counseling was offered by 64 institutions. Counseling was done by a pediatric onco-hematologist in 52% (33/64) and in 32% (20/64) by a team. The majority of institutions (53%) lacked recommendations for fertility preservation. All 64 centers offered sperm banking; eight offered testicular tissue cryopreservation for pre-pubertal males. For females, the possibility of preserving ovarian tissue was offered by 40 institutions. Conclusions: There is a high level of interest in fertility preservation among European centers responding to our survey. However, while most recommended sperm cryopreservation, many also recommended technologies whose efficacy has not been shown. There is an urgent need for evidence-based European recommendations for fertility preservation to help survivors deal with the stressful topic of fertility. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Doro R.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences | Mihalov-Kovacs E.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences | Marton S.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences | Laszlo B.,Debrecen University | And 10 more authors.
Infection, Genetics and Evolution | Year: 2014

With the availability of rotavirus vaccines routine strain surveillance has been launched or continued in many countries worldwide. In this study relevant information is provided from Hungary in order to extend knowledge about circulating rotavirus strains. Direct sequencing of the RT-PCR products obtained by VP7 and VP4 genes specific primer sets was utilized as routine laboratory method. In addition we explored the advantage of random primed RT-PCR and semiconductor sequencing of the whole genome of selected strains. During the study year, 2012, we identified an increase in the prevalence of G9P[8] strains across the country. This genotype combination predominated in seven out of nine study sites (detection rates, 45-83%). In addition to G9P[8]s, epidemiologically major strains included genotypes G1P[8] (34.2%), G2P[4] (13.5%), and G4P[8] (7.4%), whereas unusual and rare strains were G3P[8] (1%), G2P[8] (0.5%), G1P[4] (0.2%), G3P[4] (0.2%), and G3P[9] (0.2%). Whole genome analysis of 125 Hungarian human rotaviruses identified nine major genotype constellations and uncovered both intra- and intergenogroup reassortment events in circulating strains. Intergenogroup reassortment resulted in several unusual genotype constellations, including mono-reassortant G1P[8] and G9P[8] strains whose genotype 1 (Wa-like) backbone gene constellations contained DS1-like NSP2 and VP3 genes, respectively, as well as, a putative bovine-feline G3P[9] reassortant strain. The conserved genomic constellations of epidemiologically major genotypes suggested the clonal spread of the re-emerging G9P[8] genotype and several co-circulating strains (e.g., G1P[8] and G2P[4]) in many study sites during 2012. Of interest, medically important G2P[4] strains carried bovine-like VP1 and VP6 genes in their genotype constellation. No evidence for vaccine associated selection, or, interaction between wild-type and vaccine strains was obtained. In conclusion, this study reports the reemergence of G9P[8] strains across the country and indicates the robustness of whole genome sequencing in routine rotavirus strain surveillance. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Kovacs I.,Markusovszky Hospital
Lege Artis Medicinae | Year: 2010

Carvedilol, the typical basic variant of the third generation beta blocker drugs is a complex adrenergic blocker that also has Ca channel blocking effects. It has no effect of the metabolism and has a pregnant antioxidant effect that is significant for cardiac and hypertension target organ protection. Its beneficial effect on cardiac decompensation, on target organ protection in patients with hypertension and on primary and secondary prevention of ischemic heart disease is proven by clinical studies. The effect of free radicals trapping - not shown by the majority of beta blockers - plays a major role in these beneficial effects. Inflammatory factors and free radicals (ROS) play a central role in cardiovascular diseases and can be regarded as prognostic markers of vascular damage. Elevated levels of glucose, lipids, or elevated intraluminal pressure triggers the production of various free radicals. The anti-inflammatory effect of Carvedilol results out of its antioxidant (scavenger) and ROS suppressive effects. Besides its complex adrenergic blocking effect, this ability of Carvedilol gives a molecular explanation for its efficiency proven by clinical trials.

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