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Stern T.,Market Analysis and Innovation Research Team | Ledl C.,Market Analysis and Innovation Research Team | Haydn A.,Market Analysis and Innovation Research Team | Koch S.,Institute for Advanced Studies | And 3 more authors.
Forest Products Journal | Year: 2015

Technical research projects often target innovative high-value products. These products may serve dynamic and fastgrowing markets. However, while the general demand for such products may be very high and a lot of technical research is carried out in developing the respective processes, only very few new technologies and products are commercially realized and placed on the market. In order to widen the market focus toward a more comprehensive understanding of technical development, this study presents a mix of methods, including production cost analysis, business-to-business survey, and market impact assessment. When it comes to exploring a new technology that produces bioactive substances from wood, this article shows how the previously mentioned methods can be adapted, applied, and integrated for its successful commercialization. © Forest Products Society 2015.


Stern T.,Market Analysis and Innovation Research Team | Heil G.,Market Analysis and Innovation Research Team | Ledl C.,Market Analysis and Innovation Research Team | Schwarzbauer P.,University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna
International Wood Products Journal | Year: 2012

About 50 million tons of lignin are produced annually in the pulping industry worldwide. A traditional example for lignin research is its use as a resin additive in wood based panels. The aim of this study was to find out why technical lignin has not so far succeeded in substituting for phenolic resins in the wood based panel industry. Interviews were carried out using a multistage expert interview approach adapted from Delphi methods. After the principal factors were identified and verified, quantitative data were taken for the valuation. Technical product properties received the highest ratings by the consulted experts, followed by security of supply, price difference and productivity, which received almost the same overall ratings. Interestingly, researchers rated security of supply much lower than the industry representatives. Depending on fulfilment of criteria identified, the experts expected that between 10 and 30% of phenolic resin can be potentially substituted within the next 10 years. © 2012 IWSc, the Wood Technology Society of the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining.


Braun M.,University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna | Winner G.,Market Analysis and Innovation Research Team | Schwarzbauer P.,University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna | Stern T.,University of Graz
Forest Policy and Economics | Year: 2016

Harvested Wood Products (HWPs) are considered as means of carbon sequestration in the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has introduced the average (service) life multiplied by ln(2) as so-called "Half-Life" (HL) to define the period for accounting carbon sequestration in wood products.This work investigates the dynamics of apparent HL and carbon content within three important categories of wood utilization (construction, furniture and packaging) considering sales on the wood product level in Austria for the period 2002 to 2011. Static HL for finished products derived from a literature study is used for upscaling information about carbon flows and associated HL to semi-finished HWP. From HL on the product level three category-HLs are derived. Averaged over 10. years, we find the following HLs: 33.0. years for construction, 8.5. years for furniture, and 1.4. years for packaging. For each category the shares of semi-finished HWP (sawnwood and wood-based panels) are determined. With this information, the average Kyoto-relevant HL for semi-finished HWP can be deducted. For the period 2002-2011, it is 9.5 to 16.6. years for sawnwood and 9.0 to 11.0. years for wood-based panels. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.


Hesser F.,Market Analysis and Innovation Research Team | Wohner B.,University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna | Meints T.,Plus MAT | Stern T.,I-Systems | Windsperger A.,Institute for Industrial Ecology
International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment | Year: 2016

Purpose: Improving technical properties and the durability of wood-based products by modification in various processing technologies is subject to recent research and development activities. This study aimed at integrating environmental considerations during the research and development phase of a novel modification process for a multilayer wood parquet. Due to expected challenges when applying Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in this phase, the eco-profile of the modified multilayer wood parquet was referred to the original multilayer parquet by estimating payback period and identifying other payback options. Methods: An LCA was conducted during the research and development phase of the modification process at laboratory scale and is characterized as ex ante environmental screening of a newly developed technology. The environmental assessment of new products and manufacturing processes during the research and development phase, however, faces multifarious challenges, such as the definition of a functional unit and the service life length. In order to overcome these challenges, the idea was to answer the question under which circumstances the modification process pays back from the perspective of non-renewable energy use and global-warming potential. Aside from investigation of payback period, the feasibility of other payback options was systematically searched. Results and discussion: The extra resource input and the resulting increase in environmental burden of the modification of the multilayer parquet can be justified with the extension of service life length by 10 to 20 %, referring to global warming potential and non-renewable energy use, respectively. Other payback options found were adjusting chemical loading during modification, making renovations superfluous, or reducing transport effort. Other than transportation and renovation, which are user-dependent, only the modification lies within the scope of the parquet producer. Conclusions: The payback concept is found suitable for comparative estimations on the magnitude of change in environmental performance of product variants during research and development. By investigating on multiple payback options, it was enabled to frame the change in environmental performance, which is essential in order to define the scope of further research and development in a target-oriented way. The possibility of using LCA for an environmental technology valuation at an early stage in product and process development is demonstrated in this study. © 2016 The Author(s)


List J.,Bayerisches Amt fur Forstliche Saat und Pfanzenzucht | Schwarzbauer P.,University of Vienna | Braun M.,University of Vienna | Werner A.,Market Analysis and Innovation Research Team | And 2 more authors.
Austrian Journal of Forest Science | Year: 2016

Forest owner associations act as middlemen in the cooperative marketing of timber: they are supplied with small and fuctuating quantities of timber and sell bundled amounts to industrial consumers. Knowledge of the future quantity of monthly distributable timber is of particular importance for planning, but remains a subject of uncertainty. This work presents models to predict wood supply based on a simple database. Models were tested in two case-study regions, which substantially difer in framework conditions for timber marketing. In each of the regions in Styria and Burgenland, diferent model types and subtypes were superior. It was concluded that models which determine timber supply in one forest association, are only restrictedly suitable to predict timber supply in another one.


Hesser F.,Market Analysis and Innovation Research Team
Composites Part B: Engineering | Year: 2015

This study analyses the circumstances of environmental advantage by benchmarking a novel Kraft pulp fibre reinforced polypropylene against its matrix material and two other composites with talcum and glass fibres. With one exception, all composites use less non-renewable energy (-1% to -29%), but only the Kraft pulp fibre reinforced polypropylene achieves a reduction in global warming potential (14% to 35%) considering different functional units compared to polypropylene. The comparisons on basis of function-strength and stiffness in this case study-show that the adequate application of specific material properties, are key to achieve environmental advantages. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.All rights reserved.

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