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Strambu I.R.,Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy | Serbescu A.,Marius Nasta Institute of Pneumophthisiology | Leonte D.G.,Marius Nasta Institute of Pneumophthisiology | Cordos I.,Marius Nasta Institute of Pneumophthisiology | Dobre V.,Maria Sklodowska Curie Emergency Clinical Hospital for Children
Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology | Year: 2015

Rapid diagnosis of malignancy during oncological surgery is crucial for making decisions related to the extension of the resection. The tissue prints, used initially for plant biology but also for prostate or breast cancer diagnosis, might be useful as a rapid cytological diagnosis. Materials and Methods: Tissue prints were done from freshly sectioned excised tissue fragments in patients operated between March 2010 and February 2012 in the Department of Surgery for cancer or benign lesions. Tissue prints were examined by a cytologist and considered as malignant or benign. Same fragments were then processed in the pathology laboratory using the typical paraffin-embedding method. All slides were examined by the same pathologist and considered the golden standard for malignancy and histological type. Results: Three hundred and eleven fragments were examined, obtained from lung masses, lymph nodes, pleura and mediastinal masses, pathology showed 208 malignant and 103 benign. Tissue prints identified 227 malignant and 84 benign. For identifying malignancy, tissue prints had a sensibility of 0.91, specificity 0.64. Positive predictive value was 0.86 and negative predictive value 0.78. For lymph nodes, the specificity was better. In lymphomas and adenocarcinomas, tissue prints identified also the histology type in most cases. Conclusions: Tissue prints are rapid, easy to perform, cheap, with high sensibility but specificity lower than literature data on frozen sections. This might be improved by a better selection of cases where tissue prints are used for rapid diagnosis. © 2015 ROMANIAN ACADEMY PUBLISHING HOUSE. All rights reserved. Source

Balanescu R.N.,Grigore Alexandrescu Clinical Emergency Hospital for Children | Balanescu R.N.,Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy | Balanescu L.,Grigore Alexandrescu Clinical Emergency Hospital for Children | Balanescu L.,Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy | And 6 more authors.
Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology | Year: 2015

T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma is an aggressive malignancy that represents 85% of all lymphoblastic lymphomas. It usually occurs in late childhood, adolescence and young adulthood with a 2:1 male preponderance and it presents with pleural effusion and respiratory symptoms and in rare cases vena cava syndrome can be encountered. We present the case of a 13-year-old patient who was referred to our clinic from a local hospital where he was diagnosed with a mediastinal tumor. The patient presented with thoracic pain, fever, coughing and fatigability for a month prior to admission, after having underwent surgery for abdominal pain (appendectomy). On admission to our hospital, a thoracic computed tomography (CT) scan was performed and showed the presence of an anterior mediastinal mass measuring 109/76/140 mm, well defined, which came in close contact with the superior vena cava, the ascending aorta and the pulmonary artery, right pleural effusion and a collapsed lung on the right side. The decision was taken to perform a tumor biopsy and a right pleural drain was placed. The patient’s post-operative evolution was favorable with the remission of the respiratory symptoms. The histopathological result showed the presence of T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma and the patient was then transferred to the oncology ward where he underwent chemotherapeutic treatment, with a favorable outcome. T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma is an aggressive type of lymphoma and it is usually hard to diagnose considering the fact that the symptoms are often vague. It is essential to establish the diagnosis without delay and start appropriate chemotherapeutic treatment. © 2015 ROMANIAN ACADEMY PUBLISHING HOUSE. All rights reserved. Source

Popescu M.R.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova | Plesea I.E.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova | Olaru M.,Tudor Vladimirescu Hospital of Pneumology | Strambu I.R.,Marius Nasta Institute of Pneumophthisiology | And 6 more authors.
Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology | Year: 2015

Aim: The authors continue a started series of articles about extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) with the assessment of the mycobacterial lesions discovered on tissue samples of the oral cavity structures in the Department of Pathology of the Emergency County Hospital of Craiova, Romania, and the review of the cases reported in the literature available, between 1990 and 2013. Materials and Methods: The studied material consisted, for our series, of samples obtained by biopsy or surgical excision, including the salivary glands and excluding the lymph nodes from 17 patients histopathologically diagnosed with tuberculosis and, for review series, 190 papers selected from PubMed database. Results: The number of cases reported increased throughout the studied period. Most cases came from departments connected with oral pathology but also from various medical and surgical departments. In general, patients were adults with a mean age of around 40 years, with twice as many men than women, without no information or no clinical suspicion of tuberculosis (TB) at the admission. When reported, the provisional diagnostic was oriented most often towards neoplastic proliferation. There was no information about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing in more than half of the case reports but when existed the result was two-fold more frequently negative than positive. TB lesions of the oral cavity were more often primary infections than secondary. From morphological point of view, the granuloma cellular population included both epithelioid and Langhans cells in most of the cases, the necrosis, present in most of the cases, displayed the whole range of morphological features, but mainly the acidophilic, microgranular one and the perilesional fibrosis was absent in almost all of the cases. As a whole, well-differentiated granulomas were the most frequent, usually of grade II-reactive type (“homeostatic”) but with a significant contingent of grade I-hyperplastic (“protective”) granulomas. Local extension was usually not present and, when present, regional lymph nodes were mainly involved. Coexistence of TB lesions with a neoplastic proliferation was very rare and when present it was mainly located in the parotid gland. Apart from this general profile, particular, individual profiles were observed for each of the oral cavity segments. Conclusions: TB lesions in the oral cavity are indeed a rare event but no swelling or ulcer in the oral cavity should be disregarded by the medical practitioners because it could be tuberculosis. © 2015, Editura Academiei Romane. All rights reserved. Source

Pop C.S.,Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy | Becheanu G.,Victor Babes National Institute for Research | Calagiu D.,Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy | Jantea P.-V.,Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy | And 6 more authors.
Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology | Year: 2015

We report a case of CMV (cytomegalovirus) infection in a Crohn’s disease patient, resulting in severe hemophagocytic syndrome and death. A 63-year-old man with a 10-year history of ileal and colonic Crohn’s disease presented with general malaise, loss of appetite and weight loss over the last month. He was in clinical remission for two years, with maintenance therapy 5-Aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA)-derived Mesalamine. The patient had no prior immunomodulators or suppressive treatment. A colonoscopy was performed and we found appearance suggestive of active Crohn’s disease, confirmed by histopathological examination. A diagnosis of an exacerbation of Crohn’s disease was established. Although the specific treatment was initiated, patient’s general condition degraded progressively and diarrheal stools appeared, followed by an episode of massive gastrointestinal bleeding – hematochezia. We performed a new colonoscopy and the pathological examination revealed Crohn’s ileocolitis with superimposed CMV infection. Despite the initiation of Ganciclovir alongside with other intensive care measures, he increasingly deteriorated and chest X-ray confirmed multilobar pneumonia. The occurrence of rapidly progressing pancytopenia and evidence for disseminated intravascular coagulopathy as well as hyperferritinemia, raised the suspicion of hemophagocytic syndrome confirmed by bone marrow aspiration. Hence, CMV-associated hemophagocytic syndrome in the context of recent corticotherapy for Crohn’s disease was established. There is enough evidence that supports the gravity of the CMV infection in the case of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients, especially the ones on immunomodulator treatment. The hemophagocytic syndrome reactively occurs in patients with infections in cases of immunodeficiency, displaying a hematological aspect of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. © 2015 ROMANIAN ACADEMY PUBLISHING HOUSE. All rights reserved. Source

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