PubMed | University of Sydney, Marinova Pty Ltd and Southern Cross University of Australia
Type: | Journal: Biologics : targets & therapy | Year: 2016
Preliminary investigation of a fucoidan with demonstrated reduction in the symptoms of osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and knee.A double-blind randomized controlled trial was carried out to determine the safety and efficacy of a 300 mg dose of a Fucus vesiculosus extract (85% fucoidan) over a 12-week period in a population (n=122) with mild-to-moderate OA of the hip and knee as measured by the validated instrument Comprehensive Osteoarthritis Test. Safety was measured by assessing cholesterol, liver function, renal function, and hematopoietic function, and closely monitoring adverse events.Ninety-six participants completed the study. The reduction in symptoms of OA was not significantly different from the placebo response. There were no changes in the blood measurements that were of any clinical significance during the course of the study.The F. vesiculosus fucoidan extract was safe and well tolerated. At a dose of 300 mg, the extract showed no difference in reduction of OA symptoms from the placebo.
PubMed | Marinova Pty Ltd. and University of Tasmania
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of cellular physiology | Year: 2015
Fucoidan, a natural component of seaweeds, is reported to have immunomodulatory and anti-tumor effects. The mechanisms underpinning these activities remain poorly understood. In this study, the cytotoxicity and anti-tumor activities of fucoidan were investigated in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. The human AML cell lines NB4, KG1a, HL60, and K562 were treated with fucoidan and cell cycle, cell proliferation, and expression of apoptotic pathways molecules were analyzed. Fucoidan suppressed the proliferation and induced apoptosis through the intrinsic and extrinsic pathways in the acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cell lines NB4 and HL60, but not in KG1a and K562 cells. In NB4 cells, apoptosis was caspase-dependent as it was significantly attenuated by pre-treatment with a pan-caspase inhibitor. P21/WAF1/CIP1 was significantly up-regulated leading to cell cycle arrest. Fucoidan decreased the activation of ERK1/2 and down-regulated the activation of AKT through hypo-phosphorylation of Thr(308) residue but not Ser(473). In vivo, a xenograft model using the NB4 cells was employed. Mice were fed with fucoidan and tumor growth was measured following inoculation with NB4 cells. Subsequently, splenic natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxic activity was also examined. Oral doses of fucoidan significantly delayed tumor growth in the xenograft model and increased cytolytic activity of NK cells. Taken together, these data suggest that the selective inhibitory effect of fucoidan on APL cells and its protective effect against APL development in mice warrant further investigation of fucoidan as a useful agent in treatment of certain types of leukemia.
PubMed | Marinova Pty Ltd, University of Tasmania and University Technology of MARA
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), such as ulcerative colitis and Crohns disease, are an important cause of morbidity and impact significantly on quality of life. Overall, current treatments do not sustain a long-term clinical remission and are associated with adverse effects, which highlight the need for new treatment options. Fucoidans are complex sulphated, fucose-rich polysaccharides, found in edible brown algae and are described as having multiple bioactivities including potent anti-inflammatory effects. Therefore, the therapeutic potential of two different fucoidan preparations, fucoidan-polyphenol complex (Maritech Synergy) and depyrogenated fucoidan (DPF) was evaluated in the dextran sulphate sodium (DSS) mouse model of acute colitis. Mice were treated once daily over 7 days with fucoidans via oral (Synergy or DPF) or intraperitoneal administration (DPF). Signs and severity of colitis were monitored daily before colons and spleens were collected for macroscopic evaluation, cytokine measurements and histology. Orally administered Synergy and DPF, but not intraperitoneal DPF treatment, significantly ameliorated symptoms of colitis based on retention of body weight, as well as reduced diarrhoea and faecal blood loss, compared to the untreated colitis group. Colon and spleen weight in mice treated with oral fucoidan was also significantly lower, indicating reduced inflammation and oedema. Histological examination of untreated colitis mice confirmed a massive loss of crypt architecture and goblet cells, infiltration of immune cells and oedema, while all aspects of this pathology were alleviated by oral fucoidan. Importantly, in this model, the macroscopic changes induced by oral fucoidan correlated significantly with substantially decreased production of at least 15 pro-inflammatory cytokines by the colon tissue. Overall, oral fucoidan preparations significantly reduce the inflammatory pathology associated with DSS-induced colitis and could therefore represent a novel nutraceutical option for the management of IBD.
Ho T.T.M.,University of South Australia |
Bremmell K.E.,University of South Australia |
Krasowska M.,University of South Australia |
Stringer D.N.,Marinova Pty Ltd |
And 2 more authors.
Soft Matter | Year: 2015
Fucoidan is a sulfated polysaccharide that is extracted primarily from seaweed. The polymer contains a natural variation in chemistry based upon the species of seaweed from which it is extracted. We have used two different fucoidans from two different seaweed species (Fucus vesiculosus - FV; and Undaria pinnatifida - UP) as polyanions for the formation of polysaccharide-based polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs), to determine if the chemistry of different fucoidans can be chosen to fine-tune the structure of the polymer film. Partially acetylated chitosan was chosen as the polycation for the work, and the presented data illustrate the effect of secondary hydrogen bonding interactions on PEM build-up and properties. Ellipsometry and quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) measurements performed during film build-up enabled detailed measurements of layer thickness, adsorbed mass, and the dynamics of the multilayer formation process. High quality atomic force microscopy (AFM) images revealed the differences in morphology of the PEMs formed from the two fucoidans, and allowed for a more direct layer thickness measurement. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirmed the chemistry of the films, and an indication of the altered interactions between chitosan and fucoidan with variation in fucoidan type, but also with layer number. Distinct differences were observed between multilayers formed with the two fucoidans, with those constructed using UP having thinner, denser, less hydrated layers than those constructed using FV. These differences are discussed in the context of their varied chemistry, primarily their difference in molecular weight and degree of acetylation. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015.
PubMed | Marinova Pty. Ltd and University of South Australia
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids | Year: 2015
The formation of fucoidan/chitosan-based polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs) has been studied with in situ Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Attenuated total reflectance (ATR) FTIR spectroscopy has been used to follow the sequential build-up of the multilayer, with peaks characteristic of each polymer being seen to increase in intensity with each respective adsorption stage. In addition, spectral processing has allowed for the extraction of spectra from individual adsorbed layers, which have been used to provide unambiguous determination of the adsorbed mass of the PEM at each stage of formation. The PEM was seen to undergo a transition in growth regimes during build-up: from supra-linear to linear. In addition, the wettability of the PEM has been probed at each stage of the build-up, using the captive bubble contact angle technique. The contact angles were uniformly low, but showed variation in value depending on the nature of the outer polymer layer, and this variation correlated with the overall percentage hydration of the PEM (determined from FTIR and quartz crystal microbalance data). The nature of the hydration water within the polyelectrolyte multilayer has also been studied with FTIR spectroscopy, specifically in situ synchrotron ATR FTIR microscopy of the multilayer confined between two solid surfaces. The acquired spectra have enabled the hydrogen bonding environment of the PEM hydration water to be determined. The PEM hydration water is seen to have an environment in which it is subject to fewer hydrogen bonding interactions than in bulk electrolyte solution.
Lowenthal R.M.,Menzies Research Institute |
Fitton J.H.,Marinova Pty. Ltd.
Journal of Applied Phycology | Year: 2014
Is there a role for brown macroalgae-derived fucoidan in cancer therapeutics? This review discusses the in vitro, in vivo and clinical data concerning fucoidan and cancer. Fucoidans vary according to the species from which they are derived, making direct comparisons between studies difficult. Data from in vitro studies indicate direct activity against some cancer cell lines. In vivo studies indicate cancer inhibitory activity, which may also be partly attributable to increases in innate and specific immunity. A small number of preliminary clinical studies indicate activity and should be followed up. Lastly, to date, there is no reported research into potential interactions between chemotherapy and fucoidan. Other naturally derived pharmaceuticals are known to interfere with certain forms of chemotherapy, and this should not be overlooked during the development of fucoidan. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
PubMed | Marinova Pty Ltd. and Eastern University at New Eagle
Type: | Journal: Analytica chimica acta | Year: 2015
The use of polyanion and polycation-sensitive membrane electrodes to detect five different preparations of fucoidan is described. Unlike linear polyanionic molecules previously measured with polymer membrane-based electrochemical sensors, fucoidans from marine brown algae are all highly branched, sulfated polysaccharides with varying charge densities and structures, depending on the species of seaweed, method of extraction used and extent of purification. When tridodecylmethylammonium (TDMA) was used as the ion-exchanger, a large, non-equilibrium EMF response was observed over a concentration range of 0.5-50 g mL(-1) fucoidan. Fucoidan was also measured by titration with polycationic protamine, using a dinonylnaphthalene sulfonate (DNNS)-doped membrane electrode as the potentiometric endpoint detector. Potentiometric titration was used to determine the binding ratio between protamine and fucoidan at the neutralization endpoint for each fucoidan preparation. This binding ratio was then used to successfully determine the fucoidan content of commercially available nutritional supplements. Fucoidan was also measured in undiluted blood serum, demonstrating that this method may be applicable for measuring fucoidan for clinical applications.
Marinova Pty Ltd | Date: 2011-02-21
The present disclosure relates generally to the field of anti-viral therapy and prophylaxis. Formulations and agents are provided which inhibit viruses of the Orthomyxoviridae family and ameliorate symptoms and conditions caused by viral infection. The present disclosure teaches the control of influenza virus infection and spread and amelioration of conditions caused thereby. The formulations and agents may be processed as medicaments or as health supplements for more general application such as in the form of consumer goods or consumer foods.
Marinova Pty Ltd | Date: 2013-12-20
A method is provided for treating a seaweed extract having a target molecule and a pyrogenic agent. The method includes inactivating the pyrogenic agent and/or removing the pyrogenic agent. The method results in a reduction in pyrogenicity of the extract. The method is useful in the preparation of pharmaceutical compositions and biomaterials for which pyrogen removal is critical.
PubMed | Marinova Pty Ltd.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Marine drugs | Year: 2015
Fucoidans are a class of sulfated fucose-rich polysaccharides found in brown marine algae and echinoderms. Fucoidans have an attractive array of bioactivities and potential applications including immune modulation, cancer inhibition, and pathogen inhibition. Research into fucoidan has continued to gain pace over the last few years and point towards potential therapeutic or adjunct roles. The source, extraction, characterization and detection of fucoidan is discussed.