Perez-Ramirez M.,Conacyt Research Fellow Research Center Cientifica Of Yucatan |
Castrejon M.,Dalhousie University |
Gutierrez N.L.,Marine Stewardship Council |
Defeo O.,UNDECIMAR |
Defeo O.,Centro Universitario Of La Region Este
Fisheries Research | Year: 2016
The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certification program is a market-based instrument aimed at recognizing sustainable fishing practices. Although there are 10 MSC-certified fisheries in Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC), this proportion is low (4%) compared to the total number of certified fisheries globally. Therefore, implementation of MSC certification in LAC fisheries is examined by considering: (1) fishing industry drivers for certification and (2) certified fisheries performance against the MSC standard. The MSC certification was suitable for large multi-national enterprises with export-oriented markets and for small-scale fisheries with exclusive access rights harvesting high-value resources. Maintaining or increasing market-share was a main motivation to pursue certification. Most LAC certified fisheries showed high performance in terms of stock status, governance and management systems. However, the expansion of the MSC certification in LAC remains limited by: (1) intrinsic weaknesses of fisheries in the region (shortage of information and instability in governance systems); and (2) high costs associated to certification and extrinsic market conditions (price shocks and demand retractions). Innovative strategies to encourage the development of domestic certified seafood markets, and a major inclusiveness of small-scale fisheries with traditional management arrangements at the local level, could constitute significant steps toward a more sustainable pathway on a regional scale. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Defeo O.,UNDECIMAR |
Castrejon M.,Dalhousie University |
Ortega L.,DINARA |
Kuhn A.M.,Dalhousie University |
And 2 more authors.
Ecology and Society | Year: 2013
Small-scale fisheries (SSFs) are social-ecological systems that play a critical role in terms of food security and poverty alleviation in Latin America. These fisheries are increasingly threatened by anthropogenic and climatic drivers acting at multiple scales. We review the effects of climate variability on Latin American SSFs, and discuss the combined effects of two additional human drivers: globalization of markets and governance. We show drastic long-term and large-scale effects of climate variability, e.g., sea surface temperature anomalies, wind intensity, sea level, and climatic indices, on SSFs. These variables, acting in concert with economic drivers, have exacerbated stock depletion rates in Latin American SSFs. The impact of these drivers varied according to the life cycle and latitudinal distribution of the target species, the characteristics of the oceanographic systems, and the inherent features of the social systems. Our review highlights the urgent need to improve management and governance systems to promote resilience as a way to cope with the increasing uncertainty about the impacts of climate and globalization of markets on Latin American SSFs. © 2013 by the author(s).
Marine Stewardship Council | Date: 2012-05-01
Fish; seafood; food products made with or from fish, namely, shaped food products made wholly or principally of fish, fish fingers, fish croquettes, prepared food kits composed of fish, seafood, meat, poultry, and vegetables and also including sauces or seasonings, ready for cooking and assembling as a meal; salted fish; fish fillets; preserved fish; tinned fish, fishmeal for human consumption; fish extracts; fish spreads; prepared meals, cooked meals and/or chilled meals, containing fish; pickled fish, frozen fish, fish products being fresh, preserved or frozen, canned fish, farmed fish products, namely, stock, preserves and jellies made from farmed fish; prepared meals containing fish; edible oils and fats; fish-based snack foods; frozen foods, namely, prepared side dishes, entrees, and main dishes made wholly or principally of fish; shrimps; prawns; shellfish; crustaceans. Live fish; live shrimp; live prawns; shellfish; live crustaceans; fish food. Transportation of goods and distribution services, namely, delivery of fish and seafood; delivery of goods; storage of goods and packaging of goods to the order and specification of others; shipping services; rental and leasing of ships; storage and warehousing of goods; information, advisory and consultancy services relating to all the aforesaid. Food processing, namely, fish processing services; information, advisory and consultancy services relating to the aforesaid.
Marine Stewardship Council | Date: 2014-01-24
Downloadable software in the nature of mobile applications for use in aiding consumers to find merchants offering sustainable seafood and seafood based products, and providing consumers with information on certified sustainable seafood based products, in the fields of sustainable seafood and seafood-based products. Promoting public awareness of sustainable fishing and seafood harvesting practices and seafood traceability; association services, namely, promoting public awareness of sustainable fishing and seafood harvesting practices and seafood traceability; promoting sustainable fishing and seafood harvesting by means of arranging and conducting incentive reward programs for fisheries and seafood harvesters; marketing services in the nature of developing marketing campaigns and initiatives for sustainable fishing and seafood harvesting practices and seafood traceability; providing an on-line searchable database featuring business and consumer product information about sustainable seafood and seafood-based products and certified fisheries and seafood harvesters. Providing information, advice and consultancy in the field of food processing management and methodologies, namely, fish processing; providing information, advice and consultancy in the field of sustainable seafood standards and methodologies; providing business advice and consultancy in the field of sustainable seafood standards and methodologies in the fields of fishing, seafood and dietary supplement industries. Education services, namely, providing classes, seminars, non-downloadable webinars, workshops and panel discussions in the fields of sustainable fishing and seafood harvesting and seafood traceability; on-line library services, namely, providing electronic library services which feature information on sustainable fishing and seafood harvesting practices and seafood traceability; providing on-line non-downloadable publications in the nature of articles in the fields of sustainable fishing and seafood harvesting practices and seafood traceability; providing information, news and commentary in the fields of current events relating to sustainable fishing and seafood harvesting and seafood traceability. Accreditation services, namely setting and providing standards for sustainable fishing and seafood harvesting practices and seafood traceability for the purpose of accreditation.
Marine Stewardship Council | Date: 2011-02-08
DOWNLOADABLE ELECTRONIC INFORMATION AND PUBLICATIONS IN THE NATURE OF BOOKS, MAGAZINES, MANUALS, CERTIFICATES, PAMPHLETS, POSTERS, NEWSLETTERS, JOURNALS, PERIODICALS, AND BROCHURES IN THE FIELD OF FISH AND FISH PRODUCTS, FISHING, COOKING, RESTAURANTS, AND ECOLOGY. PRINTED MATTER, NAMELY, BROCHURES, PERIODICALS, NEWSLETTERS, JOURNALS IN THE FIELD OF FISH AND FISH PRODUCTS, FISHING, COOKING, RESTAURANTS, AND ECOLOGY. FISH; SEAFOOD; FOOD PRODUCTS MADE WITH OR FROM FISH, NAMELY, SHAPED FOOD PRODUCTS MADE WHOLLY OR PRINCIPALLY OF FISH, SEAFOOD, FISH FILLETS; PRESERVED FISH; TINNED FISH, PREPARED MEALS, NAMELY, FROZEN PREPARED MEALS, COOKED PREPARED MEALS, CHILLED PREPARED MEALS, PACKAGED PREPARED MEALS CONSISTING OF FISH, SEAFOOD, MEAT, POULTRY, OR VEGETABLES; FROZEN FISH, FISH PRODUCTS BEING FRESH, PRESERVED OR FROZEN, NAMELY, CANNED FISH, FROZEN FOODS, NAMELY, PREPARED SIDE DISHES, ENTREES, AND MAIN DISHES MADE WHOLLY OR PRINCIPALLY OF FISH.