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Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

Cross J.,Marine Management Organisation
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Maritime Engineering

The UK Marine Management Organisation (MMO) has been in operation since April 2010 and its acting chief executive, James Cross, has been meeting people working across the marine industries to explain the organisation's work. An overview of the MMO and how its planning and licensing functions will be developed is presented herein. Source

Rodwell L.D.,University of Plymouth | Fletcher S.,University of Plymouth | Glegg G.A.,University of Plymouth | Campbell M.,University of Plymouth | And 14 more authors.
Marine Policy

Marine and coastal policy in the UK has faced a number of significant changes in recent years, most notably the passing of the Marine and Coastal Access Act in 2009. These changes have brought significant challenges and opportunities for all those involved in the management and use of the UK's marine and coastal environment. This new era of marine policy inspired the UK's first Marine and Coastal Policy forum held in June 2011. In this introductory paper the global context of marine policy changes and the themes which emerged from the forum, forming the basis of the articles in this special issue, are outlined. It is concluded that there is a high level of engagement, capacity and willingness of key stakeholders to work collaboratively to address the environmental, social and economic complexities of managing the marine and coastal environment. It is both evident and encouraging that progress is being made and the many challenges faced in this new era give rise to a number of opportunities to develop new ideas and effective mechanisms for finding solutions. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Borger T.,Plymouth Marine Laboratory | Beaumont N.J.,Plymouth Marine Laboratory | Pendleton L.,Duke University | Boyle K.J.,Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | And 11 more authors.
Marine Policy

This paper scrutinises the use of ecosystem service valuation for marine planning. Lessons are drawn from the development and use of environmental valuation and cost-benefit analysis for policy-making in the US and the UK. Current approaches to marine planning in both countries are presented and the role that ecosystem service valuation could play in this context is outlined. This includes highlighting the steps in the marine planning process where valuation can inform marine planning and policy-making as well as a discussion of methodological challenges to ecosystem service valuation techniques in the context of marine planning. Recommendations to overcome existing barriers are offered based on the synergies and the thinking in the two countries regarding the application of ecosystem service valuation to marine planning. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Reid W.D.K.,Newcastle University | Sweeting C.J.,Marine Management Organisation | Wigham B.D.,Newcastle University | McGill R.A.R.,Scottish Universities Environmental Research Center | Polunin N.V.C.,Newcastle University
Marine Ecology Progress Series

Aspects of between-individual trophic niche width can be explored through the isotopic niche concept. In many cases isotopic variability can be influenced by the scale of sampling and biological characteristics including body size or sex. Sample size-corrected (SEAc) and Bayesian (SEAb) standard ellipse areas and generalised least squares (GLS) models were used to explore the spatial variability of δ13C and δ15N in Kiwa tyleri (decapod), Gigantopelta chessoia (peltospirid gastropod) and Vulcanolepas scotiaensis (stalked barnacle) collected from 3 hydrothermal vent field sites (E2, E9N and E9S) on the East Scotia Ridge (ESR), Southern Ocean. SEAb only revealed spatial differences in isotopic niche area in male K. tyleri. However, the parameters used to draw the SEAc, eccentricity (E) and angle of the major SEAc axis to the x-axis (θ), indicated spatial differences in the relationships between δ13C and δ15N in all 3 species. The GLS models indicated that there were spatial differences in isotope.length trends, which were related to E and θ of the SEAc. This indicated that E and θ were potentially driven by underlying trophic and biological processes that varied with body size. Examination of the isotopic niches using standard ellipse areas and their parameters in conjunction with length-based analyses provided a means by which a proportion of the isotopic variability within each species could be described. We suggest that the parameters E and θ offer additional ecological insight that has so far been overlooked in isotopic niche studies. © 2016 Inter-Research. Source

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