Marine Bioprocess Co.

Busan, South Korea

Marine Bioprocess Co.

Busan, South Korea
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Kim Y.S.,Marine Bioprocess Co. | Son H.-J.,Pusan National University | Jeong S.-Y.,Catholic University of Daegu
Journal of Microbiology | Year: 2015

The aim of this study was to isolate and identify bacteria demonstrating an algicidal effect against Alexandrium catenella and to determine the activity and range of any algicide discovered. The morphological and biochemical attributes of an algicidal bacterium, isolate YS-3, and analysis of its 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed it to be a member of the genus Brachybacterium. This organism, designated Brachybacterium sp. YS-3, showed the greatest effect against A. catenella cells of all bacteria isolated, and is assumed to produce secondary metabolites. When 10% solutions of culture filtrates from this strain were applied to A. catenella cultures, over 90% of cells were killed within 9 h. Bioassay-guided isolation of the algicide involved led to the purification and identification of an active compound. Based on physicochemical and spectroscopic data, including nuclear magnetic resonance and mass analyses, this compound was identified as 1-acetyl-β-carboline. This algicide showed significant activity against A. catenella and a wide range of harmful algal bloom (HAB)-forming species. Taken together, our results suggest that Brachybacterium sp. YS-3 and its algicide represent promising candidates for use in HAB control. © 2015, The Microbiological Society of Korea and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Cha J.-Y.,Daesun Distilling Co. | Lee B.-J.,Marinebioprocess Co. | Je J.-Y.,Chonnam National University | Kang Y.-M.,Marinebioprocess Co. | And 2 more authors.
Fisheries and Aquatic Science | Year: 2011

The sea tangle, Laminaria japonica has long been used in Korea as a folk remedy to promote health. Gamma-amino butyric acid-enriched (5.56% of dry weight) sea tangle was obtained by fermentation with Lactobacillus brevis BJ-20 (FLJ). A suppressive effect of FLJ on carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity has been shown previously. Alcohol administration to Sprague-Dawley rats leads to hepatotoxicity, as demonstrated by heightened levels of hepatic marker enzymes as well as increases in both the number and volume of lipid droplets as fatty liver progresses. However, FLJ attenuated alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity and the accumulation of lipid droplets following ethanol administration. Additionally, FLJ increased the activities and transcript levels of major alcohol-metabolizing enzymes, such as alcohol dehydrogenase and aldehyde dehydrogenase, and reduced blood concentrations of alcohol and acetaldehyde. These data suggest that FLJ protects against alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity and that FLJ could be used as an ingredient in functional foods to ameliorate the effects of excessive alcohol consumption. © The Korean Society of Fisheries and Aquatic Science.


Kang Y.M.,Marine Bioprocess Co. | Lee B.-J.,Marine Bioprocess Co. | Kim J.I.,Dong - A University | Nam B.-H.,Test and Certification Team | And 6 more authors.
Food and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2012

A randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled clinical study was performed to evaluate the antioxidant effects of fermented sea tangle (FST) on healthy volunteers with high levels of γ-glutamyltransferse (γ-GT). Forty-eight participants were divided into a placebo group and an FST group that received FST (1.5. g/day) for 4. weeks. Serum γ-GT, malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities were determined before and after the trial. Administering FST significantly decreased serum levels of γ-GT and MDA. Additionally, SOD and CAT activities were significantly augmented compared to those in the placebo group after 4. weeks, but no significant alteration was observed in GPx activity compared to that in the placebo group. Our findings indicate that FST enhanced the antioxidant defense system in a healthy population and may be useful as a functional food ingredient. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.


Lee B.-J.,Marine Bioprocess Co. | Lee B.-J.,Gyeongsang National University | Kim J.-S.,Gyeongsang National University | Kang Y.M.,Marine Bioprocess Co. | And 6 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2010

GABA-producing lactic acid bacteria were isolated from kimchi and salt-fermented Jot-gal, which are traditional Korean fermented foods. The strain, BJ-20, isolated from salt-fermented Jot-gal (cod gut), possessed the highest GABA-producing ability in MRS broth with 1% monosodium glutamate (MSG), as determined by thin layer chromatography. The BJ-20 strain was identified as Lactobacillus brevis and designated as L. brevis BJ20. A sea tangle solution was fermented over 5 days to produce GABA using L. brevis BJ20. During fermentation, the GABA concentration dramatically increased, while the glutamic acid concentration decreased. This result indicates that the glutamic acid was converted to GABA by L. brevis BJ20 in the fermented sea tangle solution. Furthermore, the fermented solution exhibited strong antioxidant activities, such as DPPH scavenging, superoxide scavenging, and xanthine oxidase inhibition, which were higher than those of BHA as a positive control. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.


Eom S.-H.,Pukyong National University | Kang Y.-M.,Marinebioprocess Co. | Park J.-H.,Pukyong National University | Yu D.-U.,Pukyong National University | And 3 more authors.
Fisheries and Aquatic Science | Year: 2011

The objective of this study was to select an effective microbial strain to improve the functional qualities of Eisenia bicyclis water extract by fermentation. For this purpose, several microorganisms isolated from traditional Korean fermented foods were inoculated and cultivated in E. bicyclis water extract. Ultimately, yeast strain YM-1 was selected for further study based on its total phenolic compound (TP) content and antioxidant activity, which were enhanced by microbial fermentation. The extract fermented by YM-1 exhibited a superior TP content and 2,2′-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity compared to extracts fermented by other microbes. The highest TP content and DPPH radical scavenging activity were observed after one day of YM-1 fermentation. Yeast strain YM-1 was identified as Candida utilis based on an analysis of its physiological characteristics. During fermentation of the extract by C. utilis YM-1, no significant difference was observed in the proximate composition, including moisture, crude lipid, crude protein, and crude ash. Fermentation by C. utilis YM-1 resulted in enhanced biological activity, including increases in the TP content and antioxidant activity. Thus, fermentation by C. utilis YM-1 is an attractive strategy for developing value-added food ingredients. © The Korean Society of Fisheries and Aquatic Science.


Choi W.-C.,Kyungsung University | Reid S.N.S.,Kyungsung University | Ryu J.-K.,Seoul National University | Kim Y.,Marine Bioprocess Co. | And 2 more authors.
Algae | Year: 2016

This study evaluated the effects of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-enriched fermented sea tangle (GFST), as a functional food, on brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-related muscle growth and lipolysis, in a sarcopenic obesity highrisk group. Twenty-one middle-aged women (53-63 y) participated in this randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study. Participants ingested either 1,000 mg of GFST (n = 10) or a sucrose placebo (CON) (n = 11) everyday, for 8 weeks. Subjects were asked to abstain from any regular exercise. Fasting venous blood samples, body composition and muscular strength were measured before and after supplementation period. Collectively, we demonstrated that GFST significantly decreased total fat mass and triglyceride in body composition, as well as significantly increasing serum BDNF (p < 0.001), angiotensin converting enzyme (p < 0.001), human growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1 levels (p < 0.05 and p < 0.05, respectively) accompanied by increased total lean mass (p < 0.01). Furthermore, the reported improvements in total work, knee extension and flexion at 60° s -1 (p < 0.05), and peak torque normalized to body weight of knee flexion at 60° s -1 (p < 0.05), support an ergogenic effect of GABA associated with increased growth factor levels. The use of GFST, as a functional food ingredient, to elicit anti-obesity effects and stimulate the release of muscle-related growth factors with increasing serum BDNF levels may provide a protective intervention for age-related degeneration such as sarcopenic obesity. © 2016 The Korean Society of Phycology.


Kang Y.-M.,Marine Bioprocess Co. | Qian Z.-J.,Marine Life Research | Lee B.-J.,Marine Bioprocess Co. | Kim Y.-M.,Pukyong National University
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering | Year: 2011

This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effects of GABA (gamma-amino butyric acid)-enriched sea tangle juice (STJ) by Lactobacillus brevis BJ-20 fermentation against alcohol hepatotoxicity. The protective effects were determined by assessing glutathione (GSH) content levels and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) activity against ethanol-induced cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells. In ethanol-treated cells, GSH content decreased to 44.35% of control (ethanol-untreated cell) values; however, treatment with fermented sea tangle juice (FSTJ) at a concentration of 25 μg/mL increased GSH levels to 67.08%. These results suggest that FSTJ may prevent intracellular GSH depletion caused by ethanol consumption. Treatment with FSTJ against alcohol-injured HepG2 cells resulted in a dose-dependent decrease in GGT activity. The expression of cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) enzyme, a major contributor to ethanol-induced oxidative stress, was also completely inhibited in FSTJ-treated cells at a concentration of 25 μg/mL. Thus, this study demonstrated that ethanolinduced cytotoxicity could be attenuated by inhibition of GSH depletion, GGT activity, and CYP2E1 expression. © The Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering and Springer 2011.


Kang Y.-M.,Marinebioprocess Co. | Eom S.-H.,Pukyong National University | Kim Y.-M.,Pukyong National University
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology | Year: 2013

In this study, four bioactive phloroglucinol derivates including phloroglucinol (1), eckol (2), dioxinodehydroeckol (3), and dieckol (4) were isolated from Eisenia bicyclis and characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopic methods. Moreover, the anti-inflammatory activity of these compounds was investigated on human hepatoma cell line HepG2 cells stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). It was demonstrated that LPS can induce the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) as well as the expression of inflammatory mediators as cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and inducible nitric oxide synthases (iNOS) from HepG2 cells. Among isolated compounds, compound (1) exhibited significant inhibition on LPS-stimulated inflammatory responses in HepG2 cells without any cytotoxicity. Herein, compound (1) suppresses the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α and the expression of COX-2 and iNOS. Thus, these results indicated that phlorotannins isolated from E. bicyclis, especially compound (1), can be used as a beneficial source for preventing and treating inflammation response. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.


PubMed | Marine Bioprocess Co.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of microbiology (Seoul, Korea) | Year: 2015

The aim of this study was to isolate and identify bacteria demonstrating an algicidal effect against Alexandrium catenella and to determine the activity and range of any algicide discovered. The morphological and biochemical attributes of an algicidal bacterium, isolate YS-3, and analysis of its 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed it to be a member of the genus Brachybacterium. This organism, designated Brachybacterium sp. YS-3, showed the greatest effect against A. catenella cells of all bacteria isolated, and is assumed to produce secondary metabolites. When 10% solutions of culture filtrates from this strain were applied to A. catenella cultures, over 90% of cells were killed within 9 h. Bioassay-guided isolation of the algicide involved led to the purification and identification of an active compound. Based on physicochemical and spectroscopic data, including nuclear magnetic resonance and mass analyses, this compound was identified as 1-acetyl--carboline. This algicide showed significant activity against A. catenella and a wide range of harmful algal bloom (HAB)-forming species. Taken together, our results suggest that Brachybacterium sp. YS-3 and its algicide represent promising candidates for use in HAB control.


PubMed | Catholic University of Korea, Marine Bioprocess Co. and Kyung Hee University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Biomolecules & therapeutics | Year: 2015

This study was performed to investigate the sedative-hypnotic activity of -aminobutyric acid (GABA)-enriched fermented marine organisms (FMO), including sea tangle (FST) and oyster (FO) by Lactobacillus brevis BJ20 (L. brevis BJ20). FST and FO were tested for their binding activity of the GABAA-benzodiazepine and 5-HT2C receptors, which are well-known molecular targets for sleep aids. We also measured the sleep latency and sleep duration during pentobarbital-induced sleep in mice after oral administration of FST and FO. In GABAA and 5-HT2C receptor binding assays, FST displayed an effective concentration-dependent binding affinity to GABAA receptor, similar to the binding affinity to 5-HT2C receptor. FO exhibited higher affinity to 5-HT2C receptor, compared with the GABAA receptor. The oral administration of FST and FO produced a dose-dependent decrease in sleep latency and increase in sleep duration in pentobarbital-induced hypnosis. The data demonstrate that FST and FO possess sedative-hypnotic activity possibly by modulating GABAA and 5-HT2C receptors. We propose that FST and FO might be effective agents for treatment of insomnia.

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