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and Technology for, United Kingdom

Lacey N.C.,Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland | Jamieson A.J.,University of Aberdeen | Sereide F.,Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Sea Technology | Year: 2013

A prototype robotic vehicle system, the 11K, developed by Promare, recovered several remains of deep-sea animals on a deployment in 2012 to more than 8,000 meters depth in the Puerto Rico Trench. The samples recovered by 11 k were Scopelocheirus schellenbergi, a species of lysianassoid amphipod. The survival of these animals at extreme depths is thought to be due to a combination of diet plasticity, rapid consumption of relatively large food parcels, incredible pressure tolerance and the ability to survive long periods of starvation, as they are very reliant on infrequent food falls descending from overlying waters. The Puerto Rico 11 k samples will help scientists to investigate the genetic and evolutionary connectivity between these isolated ultradeep communities. A low-cost, easy-to-deploy, full ocean depth robotic vehicle system will allow for an increased exploration tempo in the deepest parts of the world's oceans. Source

Paterson D.M.,Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland | Paterson D.M.,Scottish Oceans Institute | Hanley N.D.,Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland | Hanley N.D.,University of Stirling | And 6 more authors.
Marine Ecology Progress Series | Year: 2011

Coastal zone ecosystems and the goods and services they provide are under increasing pressure from anthropogenic impacts. Climate change and demographic effects are particularly relevant, and it is critical to establish proper control systems (policies) to protect and conserve the wideranging benefits that these systems provide. The concept of 'holistic assessment', the Ecosystem Approach, is now being widely promoted, but the relationship between the science supporting this policy and the development of the policy itself is not always well-coordinated. This Theme Section discusses applications of science to coastal zone management and provides a critique of some approaches. © Inter-Research 2011. Source

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