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The aim of the study was to provide further evidence of the accuracy of indirect deception detection measures and to test the effects of informing those engaged in detecting lies of the actual reason for their observations. The results are important from the point of view of potential applications. The experiment was conducted in two phases. First, a group of college students was asked to describe honestly or dishonestly four of their acquaintances. The statements were videotaped. Second, the video-clips were shown to a group of undergraduate students randomly assigned to one of four experimental groups in which the participants were asked to assess: 1) the honesty of the senders by answering direct questions; 2) the honesty of the senders by answering indirect questions; 3) the senders by answering indirect questions; 4) the senders by answering direct questions. The results revealed that participants were able to distinguish between truth and lies most accurately when an indirect question was applied and that informing lie detectors of the real aim of their activity did not impair the accuracy of this method The theoretical considerations and the implications for future research are discussed. © by the Institute of Forensic Research.

Romaniuk M.W.,Maria Grzegorzewska Academy of Special Education
International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications | Year: 2015

This article is a report on the research on the perception of e-learning conducted among students of the first year of full-time studies at the Maria Grzegorzewska Academy of Special Education in Warsaw who were participating in the information technology course. The aim of this study was to evaluate the e-learning course of Windows Live Movie Maker program intended to create movies prepared by the author and to gather the opinions of students on e-learning. The author presents the most popular model for creating e-learning courses and suggests programs in which teachers can create their training. The author acknowledges a course he created as well received by students and advocates the implementation of this method of teaching in academic education. © by Miłosz W. Romaniuk.

Firkowska-Mankiewicz A.,Maria Grzegorzewska Academy of Special Education
Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities | Year: 2011

The author's plenary address at the 3rd International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual Disabilities-Europe Conference in Rome, Italy (October 2010), provided a retrospective overview of a longitudinal study conducted with a cohort of pre-teens (11 and 13 years of age) residing in Warsaw, Poland, in the 1970s. The intent was to examine, over an extended period of years, the relationship between social origin and measured intelligence (IQ), the role that IQ and other psycho-social factors play as predictors of social and economic status in adulthood, and the stability of IQ. The question posed by the "Warsaw Studies" was whether, given the virtual absence of educational, health service, and community distinctions (Warsaw in the 1970s was an ideal laboratory for such a sociological undertaking), would Warsaw schoolchildren still show the usual association between parental occupation and offspring intellectual functioning? The results from a series of follow-up studies indicate that the IQ score at age 13 could be viewed as a relatively good indicator for future life outcomes, defined in terms of attained education, occupational status, and material well being. Dramatic differences in this attainment between the groups of respondents with high and low IQ scores attest to this conclusion. Smaller, yet still significant, differences between talented teenagers and their counterparts from the two control groups who apparently did not have the high IQ advantage also support the thesis that IQ matters much for life success. The findings of the "Warsaw Studies" have implications for the life course and economic conditions of children with intellectual disabilities from disadvantaged backgrounds. © 2011 International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual Disabilities and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Starzomska M.,Maria Grzegorzewska Academy of Special Education
Archives of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy | Year: 2010

Anorexia is a grave and often fatal illness. Death rates would undoubtedly be higher if anorexics were not force-fed once their weight became dangerously low. A very important feature distinguishing anorexia from other mental disorders is highly ambivalent attitude of sufferers to their own illness. On the one hand, anorexic individuals seem to accept their progressing malnutrition, which supports suggestions of researchers that egosyntonicity which refers to the patients' sense of the anorexia nervosa being a part of themselves or of their identity, is a fundamental aspect of this disorder. Thus denial and resistance towards treatment, which are frequent among anorexic patients represent their conscious attempts to preserve its egosyntonic symptomatology. On the other hand, a lot of researchers underline destructiveness of anorexia, namely it not only doesn't give happiness, but also restricts the anorexic person's life to one dimension: in this context she/he can't derive satisfaction from another resource than the more and more mechanic, obsessive self-starving, which finally leads to exhaustion and desire for death. Some researchers ask whether anorexic patients can actually make competent decisions about their quality of life. If so, then the decision to refuse therapy may be on a par with other decisions to refuse life-prolonging therapy made by sufferers of debilitating chronic, or acute onset terminal illness. The aim of the article is to answer a question if data concerning the quality of life among anorexic individuals justify a proposition of palliative care over these persons.

Romaniuk M.W.,Maria Grzegorzewska Academy of Special Education
International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications | Year: 2015

Author analyses the use of new technologies by the pedagogy students from the generation of digital natives focusing on using the functions of mobile electronic devices and basic functions of Internet. Data has been collected with Google Forms. They allow to collect the data very quick, to see the responses immediately and to export the data to a spreadsheet. The aim of the study is to determine the level of student's competence on the chosen field of information technology. Research shows that students have lower skills than they declare. Author advocates that this situation needs to be improved.

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