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Moon K.Y.,Seoul National University | Moon K.Y.,Seoul Maria Fertility Hospital | Kim H.,Seoul National University | Lee J.Y.,Hamchoon Womens Clinic | And 7 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine | Year: 2016

Objective: Ovarian reserve tests are commonly used to predict ovarian response in infertile patients undergoing ovarian stimulation. Although serum markers such as basal follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) or random anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) level and ultrasonographic markers (antral follicle count, AFC) are good predictors, no single test has proven to be the best predictor. In this study, we developed appropriate equations and novel nomograms to predict the number of oocytes that will be retrieved using patients' age, serum levels of basal FSH and AMH, and AFC. Methods: We analyzed a database containing clinical and laboratory information of 141 stimulated in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles performed at a university-based hospital between September 2009 and December 2013. We used generalized linear models for prediction of the number of oocytes. Results: Age, basal serum FSH level, serum AMH level, and AFC were significantly related to the number of oocytes retrieved according to the univariate and multivariate analyses. The equations that predicted the number of oocytes retrieved (log scale) were as follows: model (1) 3.21-0.036×(age)+0.089×(AMH), model (2) 3.422-0.03×(age)-0.049×(FSH)+0.08×(AMH), model (3) 2.32-0.017×(age)+0.039×(AMH)+0. 03×(AFC), model (4) 2.584-0.015×(age)-0.035×(FSH)+0.038×(AMH)+0.026×(AFC). model 4 showed the best performance. On the basis of these variables, we developed nomograms to predict the number of oocytes that can be retrieved. Conclusion: Our nomograms helped predict the number of oocytes retrieved in stimulated IVF cycles. © 2016. The Korean Society for reproductive medicine.


Kang S.M.,Samsung | Lee S.W.,Samsung | Jeong H.J.,Samsung | Yoon S.H.,Seoul Maria Fertility Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics | Year: 2012

Purpose To compare the clinical outcomes of elective single morula embryo transfer (eSMET) versus elective single blastocyst embryo transfer (eSBET) in selected patients. Methods This study was a retrospective study which analyzed for 271 cycles in women under 37 years of age who are undergoing their first or second trial of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) from January 2008 to December 2009. The eSMET was performed on day 4 (n = 130) and the eSBET was conducted on day 5 (n0141). Results The clinical pregnancy rate (51.5% vs. 51.8%, p = 0.97), implantation rate (52.3% vs. 52.5%, p = 0.98), and live birth rate (39.2% vs. 44.7%, p = 0.36) were similar in the eSMETand eSBET groups, respectively. The miscarriage rate of the eSMET group (23.9%) was slightly higher than that of the eSBET group (13.7%) (p = 0.12), without reaching statistical significance. There was only one case of monozygotic twin pregnancy in each group. Conclusions The clinical outcomes of day 4 eSMET were comparable to those of day 5 eSBET. Therefore, day 4 eSMET is a viable option or an alternative to day 5 eSBET, with no difference in success rates. © 2012 The Author(s).


Kang S.M.,Daegu Maria Fertility Clinic | Lee S.W.,Daegu Maria Fertility Clinic | Jeong H.J.,Daegu Maria Fertility Clinic | Yoon S.H.,Seoul Maria Fertility Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine | Year: 2011

Objective: This study was carried out to compare the clinical outcome of elective single cleavage-embryo transfer (eSCET) to that of elective single blastocyst-embryo transfer (eSBET) in human IVF-ET. Methods: This study was a retrospective study which analyzed for 614 women who visited the Daegu Maria Clinic from August 2008 to December 2009. All were under 37 years old and had more than 8 mm of endometrial thickness on the day of hCG administration and at least one good quality embryo on day 3. The eSCETs were performed on day 3 (n=450) and the eSBETs were conducted on day 5 (n=164). Results: The numbers of retrieved oocytes, fertilized oocytes, and day 3 good quality embryos were significantly lower in the eSCET group (12.1 ±6.0, 8.2±4.6, and 4.2±3.1, respectively) compared to the eSBET group (16.7±7.2, 12.1±5.0, and 8.5±4.5, respectively; p<0.001). However, the clinical pregnancy, implantation, on-going pregnancy, and live birth rates of the eSCET group (46.7, 46.9, 40.0, and 36.7%, respectively) were not statistically different from those of the eSBET group (51.2, 51.8, 45.1, and 43.9%, respectively; p=0.318, 0.278, 0.254, and 0.103, respectively). Conclusion: These results suggested that elective single embryo transfer should be performed regardless of the developmental stage to women less than 37 years old who had more than 8 mm of endometrial thickness on the hCG administration day and at least one good quality embryo on day 3 in order to reduce the twin pregnancy rate without reducing the whole pregnancy rate. © 2011. The Korean Society For Reproductive Medicine.


Kang S.M.,Samsung | Lee S.W.,Samsung | Yoon S.H.,Seoul Maria Fertility Hospital | Kim J.C.,Samsung | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics | Year: 2013

Purpose: To compare the efficacy of single vitrified-warmed blastocyst embryo transfer (SVBT) versus double vitrified-warmed blastocyst embryo transfer (DVBT) according to the day of vitrification. Methods: This retrospective study included a total of 1,051 cycles in women less than 37 years of age with their autologous SVBT cryopreserved on day 5 (5d-SVBT, n = 737) or day 6 (6d-SVBT, n = 154) and DVBT on day 5 (5d-DVBT, n = 129) or day 6 (6d-DVBT, n = 31) from January 2009 to December 2011. Results: The clinical pregnancy rate (41.8 % vs. 48.1 %, p = 0.184) and ongoing pregnancy rate (36.6 % vs. 45.0 %, p = 0.072) were not significantly different between the 5d-SVBT group and the 5d-DVBT group. However, the clinical pregnancy (29.9 % vs. 58.1 %, p = 0.003) and ongoing pregnancy rates (23.4 % vs. 51.6 %, p = 0.001) were significantly lower in the 6d-SVBT group compared with those in the 6d-DVBT group. The implantation rate (42.2 % vs. 34.5 %, p = 0.03) of the 5d-SVBT group was significantly higher than that of the 5d-DVBT group, while the implantation rate (29.9 % vs. 37.1 %, p = 0.303) of the 6d-SVBT group was not statistically different compared with that in the 6d-DVBT group. The multiple pregnancy rates (1.0 % in the 5d-SVBT group vs. 38.7 % in the 5d-DVBT group, p < 0.001 and 0 % in the 6d-SVBT group vs. 22.2 % in the 6d-DVBT group, p = 0.001) were statistically significantly lower in the SVBT group compared with those in the DVBT group regardless of the day of vitrification. Conclusions: This study showed that the 5d-SVBT resulted in comparable clinical outcomes compared to the 5d-DVBT while the 6d-SVBT yielded significantly lower clinical outcomes compared to the 6d-DVBT. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

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