Margaree Consultants Inc.

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Margaree Consultants Inc.

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Murphy K.,Oakland University | Kirkman G.A.,UNFCCC Secretariat | Seres S.,Climate Solutions | Haites E.,Margaree Consultants Inc.
Climate Policy | Year: 2015

The prevalence of technology transfer (TT) for Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects is analysed, based on information in the project design documents (PDDs) of 3949 projects registered as of 31 March 2012. Responses to a follow-up survey indicate that the PDD statements that concern TT are reasonably accurate and at least 39% of the related projects are expected to involve it. Technology transfer is very heterogeneous across project types and is more common for larger projects. It also usually involves both knowledge and equipment and differs significantly by host country. Technology transfer has declined over time in China, India, and Brazil, the countries that host most of the CDM projects, but it has remained high for other host countries. A host country's existing capacity specific to the technology, the scope for economic deployment of the technology, and complementary policies to build capacity and promote TT, increase the frequency of TT by CDM projects. The technology used by CDM projects originates mostly from Germany, the US, Japan, Denmark, and China, with multiple suppliers of the technology for all project types. © 2013 Taylor & Francis.


Kirkman G.A.,UNFCCC Secretariat | Seres S.,Climate Solutions | Haites E.,Margaree Consultants Inc.
Energy Policy | Year: 2013

Geothermal, Hydro, Solar and Wind projects located in developing (4808 CDM projects) and developed (2952 Annex I projects) are compared in terms of size (capacity - MWe), capital intensity (US$/MWe) and average investment (US$ per project). The average investment in both CDM and Annex I projects increased rapidly between 2000 and 2012. Most investment in renewable energy projects in both developed and developing countries comes from domestic sources, although the share of foreign investment has been rising for both CDM and Annex I projects. A project with foreign investors often attracts funds from multiple countries, including the host country. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


Bazilian M.,United Nations Industrial Development Organization | Nussbaumer P.,United Nations Industrial Development Organization | Gualberti G.,University of Lisbon | Haites E.,Margaree Consultants Inc. | And 3 more authors.
Electricity Journal | Year: 2011

Energy poverty is widely recognized as a major obstacle to economic and social development and poverty alleviation. A brief analysis of the current macro financial flows in the electricity and gas distribution sectors in developing countries suggests that the 'funding gap' is, at minimum, a factor of five less than that required for universal household access to electricity. However, data paucity remains a significant obstacle to further, more refined analysis. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.


Lee H.,Korea University | Haites E.,Margaree Consultants Inc.
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment | Year: 2012

Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has assessed mitigation options for the past 20 years. This paper reviews its assessments of bioenergy, geothermal, hydropower, ocean energy, solar, wind, nuclear, and carbon capture and storage (CCS), respectively, over that period. The assessments of hydropower, nuclear, and geothermal tend to focus on the social, economic, and environmental considerations that inhibit expansion of these mature technologies. The assessments of bioenergy, solar, and wind reflect their technological progress and market penetration. Assessments of ocean energy and CCS conclude they are likely to make only a modest contribution to mitigation efforts by 2030. The paper also reviews the assessments of policies to promote low carbon energy technologies. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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