Mansfield, PA, United States

Mansfield University of Pennsylvania
Mansfield, PA, United States

Mansfield University of Pennsylvania is a small, public, liberal arts university located in the borough of Mansfield, Tioga County, Pennsylvania. It is one of the fourteen state universities that are part of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. On January 23, 2015, the University was accepted as the 29th member of COPLAC . The university is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools and numerous national professional organizations. Mansfield University has 2,800 students and 160 faculty. The four core values of the University’s creed, which was developed in 1912, are Character, Scholarship, Culture, and Service. Wikipedia.

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Shears A.,Mansfield University of Pennsylvania
The Geography of Beer: Regions, Environment, and Societies | Year: 2014

Brewing has been an important part industrialized in the latter portions of Wisconsin's culture and economy since the first settlers arrived in the early 1800s. Like much of the country, Wisconsin brewers experienced a spatial shift in accordance with the industry's technology. Starting with many brewers each serving local markets, developments in beer preservation, packaging and transport allowed certain Wisconsin brewers to seize opportunities for expanded market areas. The enlarged economies of scale achieved by these larger brewers provided a competitive advantage that slowly put smaller operations out of business. By the mid-twentieth century, brewing had largely become a national enterprise with fewer local or regional players. Though its market share remained limited, the craft brewing movement represented a reversal of this trend, both nationally and in Wisconsin. Like the early brewers who had settled the state, these new Wisconsin breweries were focused on achieving an economy of scale by developing a local market of consumers. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. All rights are reserved.

Wendel P.,Mansfield University of Pennsylvania
Physics Teacher | Year: 2011

Nearly all physics instructors recognize the instructional value of force diagrams, and this journal has published several collections of exercises to improve student skill in this area.1-4 Yet some instructors worry that too few students perceive the conceptual and problem-solving utility of force diagrams,4-6 and over recent years a rich variety of approaches has been proposed to add value to force diagrams. Suggestions include strategies for identifying candidate forces,6,7 emphasizing the distinction between "contact" and "noncontact" forces,5,8 and the use of computer-based tutorials.9,10 Instructors have suggested a variety of conventions for constructing force diagrams, including approaches to arrow placement and orientation2,11-13 and proposed notations for locating forces or marking action-reaction force pairs.

Wang J.,Mansfield University of Pennsylvania | Doll W.J.,University of Toledo | Deng X.,Oakland University | Park K.,Robert Morris University | Yang M.G.,College of Charleston
Computers and Education | Year: 2013

This study explores whether learning management systems (LMSs) enable faculty course developers to use the reconfigurable characteristics of the software to implement the seven principles of effective teaching (Chickering & Gamson, 1987). If LMSs are to be considered pedagogically effective, these systems must help engage faculty in effective teaching practices. A model is presented that contends: (1) faculty course developers' perceptions of interface reconfigurability, interaction reconfigurability, and content reconfigurability of the software facilitate LMS use for effective teaching practices and (2) the LMS use to implement these effective teaching practices enhances faculty perceived benefits. The model is tested using a sample of 379 faculty respondents. The results suggest that all three system reconfigurability dimensions have significant impacts on helping faculty use LMS to implement effective teaching practices. Interaction reconfigurability has the strongest relationship with the seven principles. The theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Royall D.,University of North Carolina at Greensboro | Kennedy L.,Mansfield University of Pennsylvania
Catena | Year: 2016

Sediment bodies produced during historical periods of human land use, sometimes referred to as legacy sediment, may be found in various locations within drainage basins, and potentially remobilized by hydrogeomorphic processes accompanying land use change. The amounts and locations of stored legacy sediment can be significant factors in modern drainage basin function and should be accounted for when possible. In this study, late nineteenth-century erosion and sediment storage were investigated and used to construct approximate sediment budgets for two small Blue Ridge Mountain drainage basins in North Carolina (USA). Erosion was quantified using a distributed implementation of the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE), and calibrated on the separate bases of soil profile truncation data and recent published rates for long-term erosion in the region. Sediment yield information was reconstructed from pond sediments trapped behind a mill dam. Alluvial sediment storage was quantified using field studies of streambank and floodplain sediment profiles and digital elevation data. Colluvial storage was calculated as a residual in the sediment budget, and further evaluated using soil profile studies of footslope deposits, and soil survey maps. The proportions of erosion accounted for by the different budget terms in the most reliable budget are: 28% sediment yield (i.e., a sediment delivery ratio of 0.28), 69% colluvial storage, and 3% alluvial storage. Blue Ridge basins with low levels of ground disturbance erode like Piedmont basins at high levels of ground disturbance, primarily due to higher slope angles. Sediment delivery ratio is high relative to those given for much larger basins in the adjacent and more frequently studied Piedmont province, and generally in accordance with published sediment delivery curves that reflect higher hydrogeomorphic connectivities within smaller basins. Low values for alluvial storage in Blue Ridge basins may be explained by high sediment transport within steep channels. Colluvial storage values have high uncertainties because of the well known problem of error accumulation in residual budget terms. Field data on colluvial deposits reported here are not sufficient to correct for this problem, and in general, the acquisition of accurate field data on historical colluviation remains an important methodological issue in historical sediment budgeting. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

Liang B.,Mansfield University of Pennsylvania | Weng Q.,Indiana State University
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing | Year: 2011

Timely and regular information on urban environmental quality (UEQ) is essential for urban planning. This research evaluated the ten-year UEQ changes in Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.A, based on the synthetic indicators of physical variables extracted from remotely sensed images and socioeconomic variables derived from census data. Physical environmental variables such as land use and land cover data, land surface temperature, normalized difference vegetation index, and other transformed remote sensing variables were derived from the two Landsat images taken in 1991 and 2000. Socioeconomic variables including population density, house characteristics, income, and education level were extracted from US census 1990 and 2000 block group (BG) data. Correlation analysis and factor analysis were performed after the two groups of variables were integrated at the BG level. For each year, four factors were identified and interpreted as greenness, crowdedness, economic status, and scenic amenity. By assigning different weights to each factor, two synthetic UEQ indexes were generated. A comparison of the two synthetic indexes revealed significant changes in UEQ pattern from 1990 to 2000. © 2008 IEEE.

Chintanaboina J.,Wright Center for Graduate Medical Education | Haner M.S.,Mansfield University of Pennsylvania | Sethi A.,Wright Center for Graduate Medical Education | Patel N.,Wright Center for Graduate Medical Education | And 3 more authors.
Korean Journal of Internal Medicine | Year: 2013

Background/Aims: Several prognostic markers for heart failure (HF) have been determined but the importance of liver function tests (LFTs) remains unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic significance, if any, of abnormal LFTs in acute decompensated HF. Methods: All adult patients (> 18 years of age) who were admitted to a community hospital with a diagnosis of acute decompensated HF during the period January 2008 to December 2009 were identified. Exclusion criteria included acute coronary syndrome, active hepatobiliary disease, renal failure (serum creatinine ≥ 2 mg/dL), and malignancy. The primary end point was readmission secondary to acute exacerbation of HF. The Cox proportional hazard model was used for statistical analyses. Results: Univariate analysis showed that serum total bilirubin (TB, p < 0.01), serum B-type natriuretic peptide (p < 0.05), ejection fraction (EF, p < 0.05), and heart rate (p < 0.05) were significant predictors of hospital readmission secondary to acute decompensated HF. Multivariate analysis showed that high serum TB (> 1.3 mg/dL) on admission was an independent predictor (p < 0.05) of hospital readmission secondary to HF. The 'at-risk' group-patients with serum TB > 1.3 mg/dL and/or EF < 35% on admission-had a readmission rate that was 87% ± 20% (p < 0.05) higher than those with neither criterion. Conclusions: In patients with acute decompensated HF, elevated serum TB on admission with or without low EF (< 35%) predicts a worse prognosis and early future readmission, secondary to HF. © 2013 The Korean Association of Internal Medicine.

Kennedy L.,Mansfield University of Pennsylvania
Southeastern Geographer | Year: 2016

Field and archival research demonstrates that although not accurately documented in historic records, small, water-powered mills may have been common throughout the southern Blue Ridge during the nineteenth century. Investigations in the Bent Creek watershed of North Carolina indicate that, as in other physiographic regions, the impoundment of low-order streams resulted in the trapping of a portion of sediment eroded from steep slopes as settlers cleared land for agriculture and logging. Sediment remobilized as a result of subsequent dam breaching and channel incision may have added between 2–5 t km−2 y−1 to Bent Creek sediment yield values during the early twentieth century. Approximately one-half of nineteenth century pond sediment remains stored as quasi-stable, terrace-like landforms within the bottomlands of Bent Creek watershed, but the potential for this sediment to transition to sediment source remains should fluvial conditions in the watershed change in the future. ©2016, Southeastern Geographer. All rights Reserved.

Labant A.,Mansfield University of Pennsylvania | Silva C.,Indiana University of Pennsylvania
MCN The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing | Year: 2014

Radiological exposure from nuclear power reactor accidents, transportation of nuclear waste accidents, industrial accidents, or terrorist activity may be a remote possibility, but it could happen. Nurses must be prepared to evaluate and treat pregnant women and infants who have been exposed to radiation, and to have an understanding of the health consequences of a nuclear or radiological incident. Pregnant women and infants are a special group of patients who need consideration when exposed to radiation. Initial care requires thorough assessment and decisions regarding immediate care needs. Ongoing care is based on type and extent of radiation exposure. With accurate, comprehensive information and education, nurses will be better prepared to help mitigate the effects of radiation exposure to pregnant women and infants following a radiological incident. Information about radiation, health effects of prenatal radiation exposure, assessment, patient care, and treatment of pregnant women and infants are presented.

Wang J.,Mansfield University of Pennsylvania | Solan D.,Mansfield University of Pennsylvania | Ghods A.,Mansfield University of Pennsylvania
Behaviour and Information Technology | Year: 2010

With widespread adoption of computer-based distance education as a mission-critical component of the institution's educational program, the need for evaluation has emerged. In this research, we aim to expand on the systems approach by offering a model for evaluation based on socio-technical systems theory addressing a stated need in the literature for comprehensive models for evaluating e-learning environments (Holsapple, C.W. and Lee-Post, A., 2006. Defining, assessing, and promoting e-learning success: an information systems perspective. Decision Sciences Journal of Innovative Education, 4(1), 67-85). The proposed systems model evaluates distance learning success from the instructor's perspective. It defines and develops measures for course quality, system quality and corresponding impacts. The model is tested based on the data collected from 548 instructors of seven universities in the Midwest region of the USA. The results suggest that the proposed multi-dimensional system flexibility scale is reliable. The course quality significantly affects both system flexibility and faculty perceived impacts of distance education. The system flexibility also significantly affects both course quality and faculty perceived impacts. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.

Kennedy L.,Mansfield University of Pennsylvania
Physical Geography | Year: 2013

Land-use change can dramatically alter soil erosion and sediment yield in watersheds. This paper describes late 19th-century sediment yield reconstructed for two small, low-order catchments in the Southern Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina at a time when each catchment had been partially cleared for agricultural activities and/or timber harvest. Historical sediment yield values are compared and contrasted to modern values obtained for the adjoining and better-known Piedmont province, and to modern values recorded in both provinces. The results indicate that had Blue Ridge land clearance equaled that of the Piedmont, historical sediment yield values would have been substantially higher than those recorded for the Piedmont. Secondly, despite differences in geology, physiography, and land-use intensity, sediment yield values trend similarly in both Blue Ridge and Piedmont regions where 19 th-century agriculture and logging were replaced by 20 th-century reforestation. Although early slope stabilization resulted in lower sediment yield, there was a time lag between slope stabilization and a return to pre-disturbance sediment yield in small catchments in both physiographic provinces. The remobilization of anthropogenic sediment stored in small catchments has been as influential in the Blue Ridge as in the Piedmont in terms of 20th-century fluvial sediment dynamics. © 2013 Taylor & Francis.

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