Tirunelveli, India

Manonmaniam Sundaranar University is a university in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It was hived off the Madurai Kamaraj University on September 7, 1990. The motto of the university is "In Pursuit of Excellence". It is named after the Tamil Scholar Professor Manonmaniam Sundaram Pillai. The university has 24 departments in arts, languages, science, engineering and technology. 102 colleges in the Tirunelveli, Thoothukudi and Kanyakumari districts are affiliated to it. Its main campus is located at a 520 acres site in Abishekapatti, Tirunelveli where the majority of the university departments function. Another 120 acres campus at Alwarkurichi houses the Sri Parama Kalyani Centre for Environmental science department and a 70 acres campus at Rajakkamangalam houses the Centre for Marine science and Technology. The university has 61 affiliated colleges, 5 Mano colleges and 1 constituent college, with 65,000 students on rolls under its jurisdiction.Manonmaniam Sundaranar University , named after the famous Tamil Scholar Professor P. Sundaram Pillai, was established on 7 September, 1990 to cater to the long felt needs of the people of the three southern most districts of Tamil Nadu namely Tirunelveli, Tuticorin and Kanyakumari. The University has under its jurisdiction 61 affiliated colleges, 5 Mano Colleges and 1 Constituent College, with 65,000 students on rolls. These colleges, amongst which three are over 100 years old , have contributed decisively to the cause of higher education of this region.There are 24 academic departments in the University. Sri Paramakalyani Centre for Environmental science functioning at Alwarkurichi is an illustrious example of University-Industry collaboration while the Centre for Marine Science and Technology at Rajakkamangalam is breaking new ground in Coastal Area Studies. All the University departments are receiving research projects from several funding agencies in India, Europe, USA, Japan and UNO. The University Library has rich collection of books and journals on a wide range of subjects. The courses offered by the University have been designed keeping in mind the changing times and the emerging needs of the region. The University offers post-graduate, M.Phil. and Ph.D. programmes . MSU is the first to offer Choice-Based Credit System. The University’s National Service Scheme and Youth Welfare Department provide opportunities for the students to develop their overall personality.The University Grants Commission, New Delhi, an apex higher education body of the Union Government, has accorded its approval for getting financial assistance since 29 March 1994. The University has been accredited by National Assessment and Accreditation Council of India with five star status. The University Act authorizes the functioning of Directorate of Distance and Continuing Education outside the university jurisdiction and the courses offered through this mode are recognized by the Distance Education Council of India.The concept of community colleges, being experimented under the aegis of a special wing, offer diploma courses of one year duration to those interested in entrepreneurial enterprises and the Extension Learning Programme run by this wing also offers diploma and certificate courses on skill development. Wikipedia.

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Sathesh-Prabu C.,Manonmaniam Sundaranar University | Murugesan A.G.,Manonmaniam Sundaranar University
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2011

In this study, we demonstrate that the sorghum field waste, sorghum stover could be used to produce fuel grade ethanol. The alkaline treatment of 2% NaOH for 8 h removed 64% of lignin from sorghum stover. Maximum of 68 and 56 g/L of ethanol yield were obtained by Saccharomyces cerevisiae (MTCC 173) and Pachysolen tannophilus (MTCC 1077) from sorghum stover under optimized condition, respectively. pH and temperature were optimized for the better growth of S. cerevisiae and P. tannophilus. A total of 51% and 48% more ethanol yield was obtained at initial sugar concentration of 200 g/L than 150 g/L by P. tannophilus and S. cerevisiae, respectively. Respiratory deficiency and ethanol tolerance of the organisms were studied. This investigation showed that sorghum field waste could be effectively used for the production of fuel ethanol to avoid conflicts between human food use and industrial use of crops. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Bala Amutha K.,Manonmaniam Sundaranar University | Murugesan A.G.,Manonmaniam Sundaranar University
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2011

Chlorella vulgaris MSU 01 strain isolated from the sediment of the pond is able to produce molecular hydrogen in a clean way. To relate the dynamic coupling between the cultural conditions and biological responses, an original lab scale set up has been developed for hydrogen production. Different sources like mannitol, glucose, alanine, citric acid, aspartic acid, l-alanine, l-cysteine, sodium succinate and sodium pyruvate were used for algal media optimization. Corn stalk, from 1 to 5g/L was tested for the effective algal growth and hydrogen production. The cell concentration of 1.6-19g/L dry cell weight (DCW) was found at the 10th day. The kinetic parameters involved in the hydrogen production at 4g/L corn stalk using the algal inoculum (50mL) in the bioreactor volume (500mL) was found to be with the hydrogen production potential (P s) of 7.784mL and production yield of (P r) 5.534mL respectively. The growth profile of the algal biomass at the above mentioned condition expressed the logistic model with R 2 0.9988. The final pH of the broth was increased from 7.0 to 8.5-8.7. The anaerobic fermentation by C. vulgaris MSU 01 strain involved in the conversion process of complex carbon source has increased the H 2 evolution rate and higher butyrate concentration in the fermentate. © 2010.

Citarasu T.,Manonmaniam Sundaranar University
Aquaculture International | Year: 2010

Hormones, antibiotics, vitamins and several other chemicals have been tested in aquaculture operations for various remedies. Even though they give positive effects, they cannot be recommended due to their residual and other side effects. The alternative herbal bio-medicinal products in the aquacultural operations, that have the characteristics of growth promoting ability and tonic to improve the immune system, act as appetite stimulators. They increase consumption, induce maturation, and have antimicrobial capability and also antistress characteristics that will be of immense use in the culture of shrimps and other fin fishes without any environmental and hazardous problems. Herbal compounds such as phenolics, polyphenols, alkaloids, quinones, terpenoids, lectines and polypeptides have been shown to be very effective alternatives to antibiotics and other synthetic compounds. The present paper is presented after a careful review of more than 50 herbal plants for their biological effects such as growth promotion, immunostimulation, antistress, antibacterial, antifungal, antivirals, appetite stimulators and aphrodisiac. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009.

Karuppiah M.,Manonmaniam Sundaranar University | Rajmohan R.,Regional Plant Quarantine Station
Materials Letters | Year: 2013

Biologically dependable processes for the green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were developed in nanoscience and nanotechnology. In this present paper, green synthesis of Ag NPs was performed from aqueous silver nitrate using the fresh Ixora coccinea L., leaves extract. The formation of Ag NPs was observed by the change of color from colorless to dark brown by the addition of silver nitrate into leaves extract. The synthesized Ag NPs were characterized by UV-vis, FTIR and XRD analyses. Further, the size and shapes of Ag NPs were identified by field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) technique to obtain particle sizes in the range from 13 to 57 nm. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Bhasker L.,Manonmaniam Sundaranar University
IET Information Security | Year: 2014

In wireless sensor networks (WSNs), the current cluster-based data aggregation technique consumes more energy. Also the secured data transmission are vital for enhancing the data authentication and confidentiality. In order to overcome these issues, in this study, the authors propose a genetically derived secure cluster-based data aggregation in WSN. Initially the cluster heads are selected based on the node connectivity, which acts as a data aggregator. Then, the clustering process is executed using the genetic algorithm. When a cluster member wants to transmit the data to aggregator, a data encryption technique are utilised that offers authenticity, confidentiality and integrity. By simulation results, the authors show that the proposed technique minimises the energy consumption, ensures data security and reduces the transmission overhead. © 2013 The Institution of Engineering and Technology.

Kannan C.,Manonmaniam Sundaranar University | Muthuraja K.,Manonmaniam Sundaranar University | Devi M.R.,Manonmaniam Sundaranar University
Journal of Hazardous Materials | Year: 2013

Dye pollution in aquatic nature produce serious environmental effects. In this investigation, mesoporous aluminophosphate molecular sieve synthesized and applied for the removal of hazardous dyes Malachite green (MG) and Methylene blue (MB). In the synthesis of mesoporous aluminophosphate (AlPO4) molecular sieve, the structure-directing agent, long-chain alkylbenzene has been used as a template. The template used for the synthesis of mesoporous material is environmentally biodegradable. The mesoporous AlPO4 was synthesized by the absence of an organic base, tetramethyl ammonium hydroxide (TMAOH) which is necessary to maintain the pH for the conventional AlPO4 synthesis methods. The synthesized mesoporous AlPO4 has high thermal stability up to 1173K and large porosity nature (40nm). It was confirmed by the characterization techniques such as low-angle XRD, FT-IR, TGA and BET surface area analysis. The morphology of the material was explained by using SEM and TEM. The hazardous dyes MG and MB removal studied under the various conditions like contact time, dye concentration, temperature, pH and adsorbent dosage to examine the adsorption characteristics of the newly synthesized mesoporous AlPO4 molecular sieves. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Bala-Amutha K.,Manonmaniam Sundaranar University | Murugesan A.G.,Manonmaniam Sundaranar University
Renewable Energy | Year: 2013

Stalk of corn (Zea mays L.), a commonly available crop residue in tropical and subtropical countries and found in plenty. In this study, we demonstrated that the pretreated corn stalk waste could be used to produce hydrogen. The isolated Bacillus licheniformis MSU AGM 2 strain (HM214759) from the pretreated paper mill effluent produced hydrogen under optimized conditions: carbon source (1 g/l), nitrogen source (12.5 g/l), temperature (35 °C) and pH (6.0). Alkaline pretreatment with 2% NaOH removed lignin by 48% from the corn stalk waste. Pretreated corn stalk ranges from 1 to 5 g/l were tested for the effective bacterial growth and hydrogen production. Kinetic parameters analyzed in 1 l bioreactor showed the maximum hydrogen production and hydrogen yield with 185 ml/l and 82.5 ml/g substrate, respectively. Growth profile and modified Gompertz model at the above mentioned condition fitted well (R 2, 0.93). Hence the anaerobic fermentation by the isolated strain had increased the hydrogen evolution rate with formic acid, acetate and butyrate concentrations at the end of the fermentation. © 2012.

Janeela Theresa M.M.,Anna University | Joseph Raj V.,Manonmaniam Sundaranar University
Applied Soft Computing Journal | Year: 2013

This paper describes the construction of a decision system to be used by judges who is about to pass sentence in murder cases. Classification models of murder cases based on fuzzy neural network with random weights and fuzzy neural network with Genetic Algorithm based weights are designed. A simulation program in C++ has been deliberated and developed for analyzing the consequences. Results show that the fuzzy neural networks increase the rate of convergence in comparison with conventional neural networks with backpropagation algorithm. That the fuzzy neural networks for classification of murder cases using Trapezoidal Membership Function outperform Lagrange Interpolation and Gaussian Membership Function is also reported. Comparative studies are carried out for a number of networks and configurations. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Senthil-Nathan S.,Manonmaniam Sundaranar University
Frontiers in Physiology | Year: 2013

This review described the physiological and biochemical effects of various secondary metabolites from Meliaceae against major Lepidopteran insect pest including, Noctuidae and Pyralidae. The biochemical effect of major Meliaceae secondary metabolites were discussed more in this review. Several enzymes based on food materials have critical roles in nutritional indices (food utilization) of the insect pest population. Several research work has been referred and the effect of Meliaceae secondary metabolites on feeding parameters of insects by demonstrating food consumption, approximate digestibility of consumed food, efficiency of converting the ingested food to body substance, efficiency of converting digested food to body substance and consumption index was reviewed in detail. Further how the digestive enzymes including a-Amylases, α and β-glucosidases (EC, lipases (EC 3.1.1) Proteases, serine, cysteine, and aspartic proteinases affected by the Meliaceae secondary metabolites was reviewed. Further effect of Meliaceae secondary metabolites on detoxifying enzymes have been found to react against botanical insecticides including general esterases (EST), glutathione S-transferase (GST) and phosphatases was reviewed. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP, E.C. and acid phosphatase (ACP, E.C. are hydrolytic enzymes, which hydrolyze phosphomonoesters under alkaline or acid conditions, respectively. These enzymes were affected by the secondary metabolites treatment. The detailed mechanism of action was further explained in this review. Acethylcholine esterase (AChE) is a key enzyme that terminates nerve impulses by catalyzing the hydrolysis of neurotransmitter, acetylcholine, in the nervous system of various organisms. How the AChE activity was altered by the Meliaceae secondary metabolites reviewed in detail. © 2013 Senthil-Nathan.

Buvaneswari N.,Periyar University | Kannan C.,Manonmaniam Sundaranar University
Journal of Hazardous Materials | Year: 2011

Effluents releasing from dyeing industries directly affect the soil, water, plant and human life. Among these dyes, plant poisoning, soil polluting and water polluting nature of organic dyes are not yet identified. The plant poisoning and non-poisoning organic dyes are identified through adsorption mechanism of cationic malachite green (MG) and anionic methyl orange (MO) on brinjal plant root powder (cellulose). The positive ΔHo (44kJmol-1) of MG higher than 40kJmol-1 confirmed the adsorption of MG on cellulose is chemisorption and the negative ΔHo (-11kJmol-1) less than 40kJmol-1 showed that the adsorption of MO on cellulose is physisorption. The ΔGo values for the adsorption of MG and MO on BPR are not much increased with increase of temperature which indicated that the adsorption is independent of the temperature. The entropy change for the adsorption of MG and MO has proved that the MG (+ΔSo) has less disorder at the adsorption interface and MO (-ΔSo) has the high disorder at the adsorption interface. The recovery of both dyes has been studied in water at 80 °C on BPR surface and observed that the MO recovery is 95% and MG is 10%. The poor desorption of MG is due to the strong chemisorption on BPR (cellulose) surface proves its plant poisoning nature. The high recovery of MO due to physisorption mechanism proves that MO is not poisoning the plant. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

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