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Mangalore, India

Mangalore University is a public university in Konaje, Mangalore, Karnataka, India. MU has jurisdiction over the districts of Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Kodagu. The university imparts higher education in field of arts, commerce, science, law and management. Wikipedia.

Vagish Kumar L.S.,Mangalore University
North American Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2014

Propolis, known as bee glue, is a wax-cum-resin substance, which is created out of a mix of buds from some trees with the substance secreted from the bee's glands. Its diverse chemical content is responsible for many valuable properties. Multiple applications of propolis have been studied and described in detail for centuries. However, currently available information on propolis is scarce. A literature search in the PubMed database was performed for English language articles, using the search terms propolis, oral health, dentistry, and oral cancer; no restrictions were used for publication dates. The aim of the article was to review propolis and its applications in dentistry including oral cancer. Source

Venkatesh T.,NITTE University | Suresh P.S.,Mangalore University | Tsutsumi R.,Tokushima University
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology | Year: 2015

A significant fraction of the human genome is transcribed as non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs). This non-coding transcriptome has challenged the notion of the central dogma and its involvement in transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression is well established. Interestingly, several ncRNAs are dysregulated in cancer and current non-coding transcriptome research aims to use our increasing knowledge of these ncRNAs for the development of cancer biomarkers and anti-cancer drugs. In endocrine-related cancers, for which survival rates can be relatively low, there is a need for such advancements. In this review, we aimed to summarize the roles and clinical implications of recently discovered ncRNAs, including long ncRNAs, PIWI-interacting RNAs, tRNA- and Y RNA-derived ncRNAs, and small nucleolar RNAs, in endocrine-related cancers affecting both sexes. We focus on recent studies highlighting discoveries in ncRNA biology and expression in cancer, and conclude with a discussion on the challenges and future directions, including clinical application. ncRNAs show great promise as diagnostic tools and therapeutic targets, but further work is necessary to realize the potential of these unconventional transcripts. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

Parashar P.,Mangalore University
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics | Year: 2012

Polystyrene (PS) and Poly (2-vinylpyridine) (P2VP) was melt blended. The compatibility of PS/P2VP was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transmission Infrared (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results indicated the single glass transition temperature for the blend. Results of the studies carried out on the electrical behaviour of silver island films deposited on the composite of PS and P2VP are presented here. The substrates were held at 457 K, much above the glass transition temperature of the polymers to ensure sufficient polymer fluidity during deposition, to obtain a sub-surface particulate film. A constant deposition rate of 0.4 nm/s was used through out the study. Silver films deposited on softened PS give rise to a very high room temperature resistance approaching that of the substrate resistance due to the formation of a highly agglomerated structure. On the other hand, films on softened P2VP gives rise to a room temperature resistance in the range of tens to a few hundred MΩ/□ which is desirable for device applications. The composite of PS and P2VP show resistances at room temperature. The films show an increase in resistance, when they are exposed to atmosphere. This is attributed to the oxidation of silver islands. The film resistances in the desired range could be obtained even, after exposure to atmosphere with PS concentration of 50%. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Parashar P.,Mangalore University
Journal of Applied Polymer Science | Year: 2011

Results of the morphological studies of silver particulate films deposited at a rate of 0.4 nm/s on polymeric blends of polystyrene (PS) and poly (4-vinylpyridine) (P4VP) held at a temperature 457 K by evaporation in a vacuum of 8 × - 10 -6 Torr are reported here. The morphology of silver particulate films was characterized by their size, size distribution, shape and interparticle separation. It has been observed that morphology depends on the composition of polymer matrix and the amount of silver deposited. The red shift in the plasmon resonance was observed with the increasing amount of P4VP in the blends in comparison to the pure PS. This indicates the modification in the silver particulate films deposited on the PS/P4VP blends. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to study the change in morphology of the silver nanoparticles and was correlated with the optical properties of silver particulate films on PS/P4VP blends. The silver nanoparticles deposited on the thin layers of polymer blends exhibit smaller size with narrower dispersion and wider size distribution due to blending of P4VP with PS. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Bhat S.P.,Mangalore University
Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery | Year: 2013

Introduction: Viscoelastic properties of skin in coloured ethnic groups are less favourable compared to Caucasians for executing Keystone flaps. Keystone flaps have so far been evaluated and reported only in Caucasians. The potential of Keystone flaps in a coloured ethnic group is yet unknown. Aim: This article reviews the experience to reconstruct skin defects presenting in a coloured ethnic group, by using Keystone flaps, with a review of existing literature. Design: Uncontrolled case series. Materials and Methods: This retrospective review involves 55 consecutive Keystone flaps used from 2009 to 2012, for skin defects in various locations. Patient demographic data, medical history, co-morbidity, surgical indication, defect features, complications, and clinical outcomes are evaluated and presented. Results: In this population group with Fitzpatrick type 4 and 5 skin, the average patient age was 35.73. Though 60% of flaps (33/55) in the series involved specific risk factors, only two flaps failed. Though seven flaps had complications, sound healing was achieved by suitable intervention giving a success rate of 96.36%. Skin grafts were needed in only four cases. Conclusions: Keystone flaps achieve primary wound healing for a wide spectrum of defects with an acceptable success rate in a coloured skin population with unfavorable biophysical properties. By avoiding conventional local flaps and at times even microsurgical flaps, good aesthetic outcome is achieved without additional skin grafts or extensive operative time. All advantages seen in previous studies were verified. These benefits can be most appreciated in coloured populations, with limited resources and higher proportion of younger patients and unfavorable defects. Source

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