Mangalore, India
Mangalore, India

Mangalore University is a public university in Konaje, Mangalore, Karnataka, India. MU has jurisdiction over the districts of Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Kodagu. The university imparts higher education in field of arts, commerce, science, law and management. Wikipedia.


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Venkatesh T.,NITTE University | Suresh P.S.,Mangalore University | Tsutsumi R.,Tokushima University
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology | Year: 2015

A significant fraction of the human genome is transcribed as non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs). This non-coding transcriptome has challenged the notion of the central dogma and its involvement in transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression is well established. Interestingly, several ncRNAs are dysregulated in cancer and current non-coding transcriptome research aims to use our increasing knowledge of these ncRNAs for the development of cancer biomarkers and anti-cancer drugs. In endocrine-related cancers, for which survival rates can be relatively low, there is a need for such advancements. In this review, we aimed to summarize the roles and clinical implications of recently discovered ncRNAs, including long ncRNAs, PIWI-interacting RNAs, tRNA- and Y RNA-derived ncRNAs, and small nucleolar RNAs, in endocrine-related cancers affecting both sexes. We focus on recent studies highlighting discoveries in ncRNA biology and expression in cancer, and conclude with a discussion on the challenges and future directions, including clinical application. ncRNAs show great promise as diagnostic tools and therapeutic targets, but further work is necessary to realize the potential of these unconventional transcripts. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


Chethan P.D.,Mangalore University | Vishalakshi B.,Mangalore University
Carbohydrate Polymers | Year: 2013

Selective modification of chitosan has been achieved by incorporating ethylene-1,2-diamine molecule in a regioselective manner using N-phthaloylchitosan and chloro-6-deoxy N-phthaloylchitosan as precursors. The present modification results in additional nitrogen centres which function as potential binding sites during adsorption of metal ions. The derivative ethylene-1,2-diamine-6-deoxy-chitosan and its pthaloylated precursor have been evaluated for divalent metal ion removal. The former is found to have higher capacity for adsorption due to the presence of additional NH2 group. The samples exhibited highest affinity for Cu and least for Zn. About 80% of the adsorbed metal ions could be stripped in a solution of pH 1.2. The interaction between acidic metal centres and basic nitrogen centres on surface of the adsorbent appears to govern adsorption. Intrachain and interchain co-ordinate bonding involving NH and NH2 groups is proposed to be the mechanism of formation of metal-adsorbent complex. The adsorption process is described by Langmuir model. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Vagish Kumar L.S.,Mangalore University
North American Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2014

Propolis, known as bee glue, is a wax-cum-resin substance, which is created out of a mix of buds from some trees with the substance secreted from the bee's glands. Its diverse chemical content is responsible for many valuable properties. Multiple applications of propolis have been studied and described in detail for centuries. However, currently available information on propolis is scarce. A literature search in the PubMed database was performed for English language articles, using the search terms propolis, oral health, dentistry, and oral cancer; no restrictions were used for publication dates. The aim of the article was to review propolis and its applications in dentistry including oral cancer.


Ramaprasad A.T.,Mangalore University | Rao V.,Mangalore University
Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical | Year: 2010

A new processable and humidity sensitive chitin-polyaniline blend has been developed. Polyaniline is blended with chitin by solution blending method. The free standing films of blends are stable under ambient condition. The characterization of the blends is done by UV-vis absorption spectrum, FTIR, conductivity studies, thermogravimetric analysis and SEM. Conductivity of the self-doped blends increases from less than ≈10 -7 S/cm to 2.15 × 10 -5 S/cm, depending on the percentage of polyaniline in the blend. When these blends are doped with HCl conductivity rises to ≈9.68 × 10 -2 S/cm. Spectroscopic analysis shows interaction between chitin and polyaniline and the electronic states are similar to those of the emeraldine and protonically doped forms of polyaniline. These blend films are used for the construction of resistive based humidity sensor. A linear response of resistance with humidity is observed. It shows a small hysteresis and its response is stable even after 75 cycles of humidity exposure. Effect of electron beam irradiation on the humidity response has also been studied. Sensitivity is improved upon irradiation and doping. Further effect of thickness and electrode separation on humidity response is also studied. Response time for the humidity sensor is less than 30 s. The constructed humidity sensor shows good results in the 10-100% humidity and in the temperature range of 20-60 °C. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.


Parashar P.,Mangalore University
Journal of Applied Polymer Science | Year: 2011

Results of the morphological studies of silver particulate films deposited at a rate of 0.4 nm/s on polymeric blends of polystyrene (PS) and poly (4-vinylpyridine) (P4VP) held at a temperature 457 K by evaporation in a vacuum of 8 × - 10 -6 Torr are reported here. The morphology of silver particulate films was characterized by their size, size distribution, shape and interparticle separation. It has been observed that morphology depends on the composition of polymer matrix and the amount of silver deposited. The red shift in the plasmon resonance was observed with the increasing amount of P4VP in the blends in comparison to the pure PS. This indicates the modification in the silver particulate films deposited on the PS/P4VP blends. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to study the change in morphology of the silver nanoparticles and was correlated with the optical properties of silver particulate films on PS/P4VP blends. The silver nanoparticles deposited on the thin layers of polymer blends exhibit smaller size with narrower dispersion and wider size distribution due to blending of P4VP with PS. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Parashar P.,Mangalore University
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics | Year: 2012

Polystyrene (PS) and Poly (2-vinylpyridine) (P2VP) was melt blended. The compatibility of PS/P2VP was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transmission Infrared (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results indicated the single glass transition temperature for the blend. Results of the studies carried out on the electrical behaviour of silver island films deposited on the composite of PS and P2VP are presented here. The substrates were held at 457 K, much above the glass transition temperature of the polymers to ensure sufficient polymer fluidity during deposition, to obtain a sub-surface particulate film. A constant deposition rate of 0.4 nm/s was used through out the study. Silver films deposited on softened PS give rise to a very high room temperature resistance approaching that of the substrate resistance due to the formation of a highly agglomerated structure. On the other hand, films on softened P2VP gives rise to a room temperature resistance in the range of tens to a few hundred MΩ/□ which is desirable for device applications. The composite of PS and P2VP show resistances at room temperature. The films show an increase in resistance, when they are exposed to atmosphere. This is attributed to the oxidation of silver islands. The film resistances in the desired range could be obtained even, after exposure to atmosphere with PS concentration of 50%. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.


Bhat S.P.,Mangalore University
Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery | Year: 2013

Introduction: Viscoelastic properties of skin in coloured ethnic groups are less favourable compared to Caucasians for executing Keystone flaps. Keystone flaps have so far been evaluated and reported only in Caucasians. The potential of Keystone flaps in a coloured ethnic group is yet unknown. Aim: This article reviews the experience to reconstruct skin defects presenting in a coloured ethnic group, by using Keystone flaps, with a review of existing literature. Design: Uncontrolled case series. Materials and Methods: This retrospective review involves 55 consecutive Keystone flaps used from 2009 to 2012, for skin defects in various locations. Patient demographic data, medical history, co-morbidity, surgical indication, defect features, complications, and clinical outcomes are evaluated and presented. Results: In this population group with Fitzpatrick type 4 and 5 skin, the average patient age was 35.73. Though 60% of flaps (33/55) in the series involved specific risk factors, only two flaps failed. Though seven flaps had complications, sound healing was achieved by suitable intervention giving a success rate of 96.36%. Skin grafts were needed in only four cases. Conclusions: Keystone flaps achieve primary wound healing for a wide spectrum of defects with an acceptable success rate in a coloured skin population with unfavorable biophysical properties. By avoiding conventional local flaps and at times even microsurgical flaps, good aesthetic outcome is achieved without additional skin grafts or extensive operative time. All advantages seen in previous studies were verified. These benefits can be most appreciated in coloured populations, with limited resources and higher proportion of younger patients and unfavorable defects.


Vasavi H.S.,Mangalore University | Arun A.B.,Mangalore University | Rekha P.D.,Mangalore University
Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection | Year: 2016

Background/Purpose: Inhibition of quorum sensing (QS), a cell-density dependent regulation of gene expression in bacteria by autoinducers is an attractive strategy for the development of antipathogenic agents. Methods: In this study, the anti-QS activity of the ethanolic extract of the traditional herb Centella asiatica was investigated by the biosensor bioassay using Chromobacterium violaceum CV026. The effect of ethyl acetate fraction (CEA) from the bioassay-guided fractionation of ethanol extract on QS-regulated violacein production in C. violaceum ATCC12472 and pyocyanin production, proteolytic and elastolytic activities, swarming motility, and biofilm formation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 were evaluated. Possible mechanism of QS-inhibitory action on autoinducer activity was determined by measuring the acyl homoserine lactone using C. violaceum ATCC31532. Anti-QS compounds in the CEA fraction were identified using thin layer chromatography biosensor overlay assay. Results: Ethanol extract of C. asiatica showed QS inhibition in C. violaceum CV026. Bioassay-guided fractionation of ethanol extract revealed that CEA was four times more active than the ethanol extract. CEA, at 400 μg/mL, completely inhibited violacein production in C. violaceum ATCC12472 without significantly affecting growth. CEA also showed inhibition of QS-regulated phenotypes, namely, pyocyanin production, elastolytic and proteolytic activities, swarming motility, and biofilm formation in P. aeruginosa PAO1 in a concentration-dependent manner. Thin layer chromatography of CEA with biosensor overlay showed anti-QS spot with an Rf value that corresponded with that of standard kaempferol. Conclusion: The anti-QS nature of C. asiatica herb can be further exploited for the formulation of drugs targeting bacterial infections where pathogenicity is mediated through QS. © 2014.


Rao P.K.,Mangalore University
Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics | Year: 2010

Background and Objectives: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is a chronic irreversible condition of the oral mucosa with proven malignant potential. However, till date, there has been a dearth of effective management strategies. This study used alpha lipoic acid, an antioxidant, in oral form to determine if it could be useful in managing OSF patients. Materials and Methods: A case-control study was conducted on 18 patients of OSF (9 cases and 9 controls). The case group was treated using alpha lipoic acid in addition to the intralesional steroid and hyaluronidase injections used in the control group. Results: The cases in the alpha lipoic acid group exhibited better relief of symptoms such as burning sensation of the mucosa and mouth opening, as compared to the controls. The use of alpha lipoic acid along with intralesional steroids and hyaluronidase caused reversal of higher clinical stages to lower ones. Conclusion: The use of an antioxidant, alpha lipoic acid, along with conventional therapy of intralesional steroid injections definitely seems to have a beneficial impact in the management of OSF.


Vasavi H.S.,Mangalore University | Arun A.B.,Mangalore University | Rekha P.-D.,Mangalore University
Microbiology and Immunology | Year: 2014

Psidium guajava L., which has been used traditionally as a medicinal plant, was explored for anti-quorum sensing (QS) activity. The anti-QS activity of the flavonoid (FL) fraction of P. guajava leaves was determined using a biosensor bioassay with Chromobacterium violaceum CV026. Detailed investigation of the effects of the FL-fraction on QS-regulated violacein production in C. violaceum ATCC12472 and pyocyanin production, proteolytic, elastolytic activities, swarming motility and biofilm formation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 was performed using standard methods. Possible mechanisms of QS-inhibition were studied by assessing violacein production in response to N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) synthesis in the presence of the FL-fraction in C. violaceum ATCC31532 and by evaluating the induction of violacein in the mutant C. violaceum CV026 by AHL extracted from the culture supernatants of C. violaceum 31532. Active compounds in the FL-fraction were identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Inhibition of violacein production by the FL-fraction in a C. violaceum CV026 biosensor bioassay indicated possible anti-QS activity. The FL-fraction showed concentration-dependent decreases in violacein production in C. violaceum 12472 and inhibited pyocyanin production, proteolytic and elastolytic activities, swarming motility and biofilm formation in P. aeruginosa PAO1. Interestingly, the FL-fraction did not inhibit AHL synthesis; AHL extracted from cultures of C. violaceum 31532 grown in the presence of the FL-fraction induced violacein in the mutant C. violaceum CV026. LC-MS analysis revealed the presence of quercetin and quercetin-3-O-arabinoside in the FL-fraction. Both quercetin and quercetin-3-O-arabinoside inhibited violacein production in C. violaceum 12472, at 50 and 100μg/mL, respectively. Results of this study provide scope for further research to exploit these active molecules as anti-QS agents. © 2014 The Societies and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

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