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Aragones N.,Carlos III Institute of Health | Aragones N.,Consortium for Biomedical Research in Epidemiology and Public Health | Izarzugaza M.I.,Basque Country Cancer Registry | Izarzugaza M.I.,Consortium for Biomedical Research in Epidemiology and Public Health | And 13 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2010

Background: During recent decades, an increase in the incidence of certain oesophago-gastric cancer subtypes has been reported in some countries. This study sought to analyse oesophageal and gastric cancer incidence trends in Spain by sex, site and morphology for the period 1980-2004. Patients and methods: Oesophageal and gastric cancer cases were drawn from 13 Spanish population-based cancer registries. Time trends in sex- and age-standardised cancer incidence rates were analysed by subsite and histology over the study period, using change-point Poisson models. Results: Age-standardised oesophageal cancer incidence rates failed to register a significant trend over the study period. Overall, gastric cancer decreased from 27.21 and 13.44 cases per 100 000 person-years in 1980-84 to 20.21 and 8.68 in 2000-04, among men and women, respectively. Whereas oesophageal adenocarcinomas increased by ~5% per annum in both sexes, gastric cardia cancer increased during the study period in males only, though this increase was less pronounced. Among men, oesophageal squamous cell cancer and non-cardia cancer rates declined steadily from the mid-1980s onwards. Over the same period, there was a marked decrease in the incidence of oesophago-gastric cancer presenting with unspecified subsite or morphology. Conclusions: Changes in the prevalence of the main risk factors for these tumours might only partly explain oesophageal and gastric cancer rate trends by subtype. Reclassification, however, would appear to account for most of the divergence in oesophageal and gastric cancer trends by subtype over the study period. © The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved.

Navarro C.,Regional Health Authority | Navarro C.,CIBER ISCIII | Martos C.,Aragon Health science Institute | Ardanaz E.,CIBER ISCIII | And 15 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2010

Population-based cancer registries (PBCRs) are a key element for cancer control. They measure cancer incidence and trends, provide indicators for planning and evaluating cancer control activities, and undertake research. The first two PBCRs in Spain were established in Zaragoza in 1960 and Navarre in 1970, but it was from 1980 to 1995 when most of the existing registries went into operation. Today, 26.5% of the Spanish population is served by a cancer registry. All registries' quality-control indicators meet the inclusion criteria for comparability and quality of data required by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, and indeed some fulfil most of the excellence criteria for gold standard certification. After their initiation into recording accurate and complete information targeted at ascertaining cancer incidence in their catchment areas, PBCRs are progressively broadening their scope and becoming increasingly involved in collecting and analysing additional data on patient care, diagnosis, disease stage, treatment and follow-up. Spanish registries have become actively engaged in research projects, domestic and international, at a rate that has risen remarkably in the past decade. The creation of a network of Spanish cancer registries is being considered, with the aim of its becoming a key player in developing standards for cancer registration, providing training and technical assistance, undertaking quality audits and promoting the use of cancer surveillance data to reduce the burden of cancer in Spain. © The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved.

Lopez-Abente G.,Carlos III Institute of Health | Lopez-Abente G.,CIBER ISCIII | Ardanaz E.,CIBER ISCIII | Ardanaz E.,Navarre Public Health Institute | And 12 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2010

Background: Some years ago, Spain registered a much lower colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality rate than did other European countries but the rates have since converged. This study sought to compare time trends for CRC incidence and mortality, identify change-points in these trends and thereby update available information in Spain. Methods: Incidence data were drawn from all population-based cancer registries in Spain which participated in the European Network of Cancer Registries and had been collecting data for at least 10 consecutive years during the period 1975-2004. Colorectal cancer corresponded to codes 153, 154 and 159.0 of the International Classification of Diseases ninth revision (ICD-9) and codes C18-C21 and C26.0 of the ICD-10. In all, the 13 registries included in this study cover ~26% of the total Spanish population. We evaluated the time trends in incidence and mortality using transition change-point and age-period-cohort models. Results: Our results revealed an important increase in CRC incidence in Spain, which held constant across the entire study period but became slightly attenuated in both sexes around 1995, when a change-point was detected. The annual increase in incidence, which had been 4.3% per annum in men up to this point, declined to 2.5% thereafter. In women, the increase in incidence, albeit also of considerable magnitude, was more moderate. The incidence trend contrasted sharply with that for mortality, inasmuch as the latter changed in 1997-98, after which point mortality rates in both sexes began to decline. Conclusions: The divergence between incidence (upward trend) and mortality rates (downward trend from the mid-1990s onwards) would suggest that possible explanations may lie in improved accessibility to endoscopy increased early detection with a corresponding shift to an earlier disease stage and improvements in therapy. This trend is having important consequences insofar as disease prevalence and burden of care are concerned. © The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved.

Peris-Bonet R.,University of Valencia | Peris-Bonet R.,CIBER ISCIII | Salmeron D.,CIBER ISCIII | Martinez-Beneito M.A.,Public Health Research Center | And 15 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2010

Background: This article affords an overview of the patterns and time trends of childhood cancer incidence (1983-2002) and survival (1991-2002) in Spain. Patients and methods: A population-based study was conducted, including 5936 cases for incidence and 3257 for survival analyses. Differences in incidence were tested with the standardised incidence ratio. Trends were analysed for all tumours, and for all malignant, haematological, central nervous system (CNS) (all and only malignant) and other solid tumours. Incidence trends were analysed using Poisson and Bayesian joinpoint models. Observed, relative and age-adjusted survival rates were calculated, and trends were tested using the log-rank test. Results: The incidence pattern in Spain was similar to that in Europe. Rates, both overall and for leukaemias, lymphomas, CNS, soft tissue and, remarkably, for sympathetic nervous system and bone tumours, were high. Upward incidence trends were present for all tumour groups. All groups, except solid tumours (excluding CNS), displayed a change-point centred around 1990-95, after which the trend stopped rising. Five-year survival increased significantly across the period for all groups, except for CNS tumours. Recent survival results were in line with Italy, the UK and the European average. Conclusions: To confirm these results, ongoing surveillance of incidence and survival trends, and studies targeting specific tumours are called for. © The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved.

Ramos M.,Mallorca Cancer Registry | Franch P.,Mallorca Cancer Registry | Zaforteza M.,Mallorca Cancer Registry | Artero J.,Hospital Manacor Tumour Registry | Duran M.,Mallorca Cancer Registry
BMC Cancer | Year: 2015

Background: TNM staging of cancer is used to establish the treatment and prognosis for cancer patients, and also allows the assessment of screening programmes and hospital performance. Collection of staging data is becoming a cornerstone for cancer registries. The objective of the study was to assess the completeness of T, N, M and stage grouping registration for all cancers in the Mallorca Cancer Registry in 2006-2008 and to explore differences in T, N, M and stage grouping completeness by site, gender, age and type of hospital. Methods: All invasive cancer cases during the period 2006-2008 were selected. DCO, as well as children's cancers, CNS, unknown primary tumours and some haematological cases were excluded. T, N, M and stage grouping were collected separately and followed UICC (International Union Against Cancer) 7th edition guidelines. For T and N, we registered whether they were pathological or clinical. Results: Ten thousand two hundred fifty-seven cases were registered. After exclusions, the study was performed with 9283 cases; 39.4 % of whom were women and 60.6 % were men. T was obtained in 48.6 % cases, N in 36.5 %, M in 40 % and stage in 37.9 %. T and N were pathological in 71 % of cases. Stage completeness exceeded 50 % in lung, colon, ovary and oesophagus, although T also exceeded 50 % at other sites, including rectum, larynx, colon, breast, bladder and melanoma. No differences were found in TNM or stage completeness by gender. Completeness was lower in younger and older patients, and in cases diagnosed in private clinics. Conclusions: T, N, M and stage grouping data collection in population-based cancer registries is feasible and desirable. © 2015 Ramos et al.

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