The Malaysian Palm Oil Board is a government agency responsible for the promotion and development of the palm oil industry in Malaysia. The MPOB is one of agencies under Malaysia's Ministry of Plantation Industries and Commodities. Wikipedia.
Agency: GTR | Branch: NERC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 1.30M | Year: 2013
Anthropogenic disturbance and land-use change in the tropics is leading to irrevocable changes in biodiversity and substantial shifts in ecosystem biogeochemistry. Yet, we still have a poor understanding of how human-driven changes in biodiversity feed back to alter biogeochemical processes. This knowledge gap substantially restricts our ability to model and predict the response of tropical ecosystems to current and future environmental change. There are a number of critical challenges to our understanding of how changes in biodiversity may alter ecosystem processes in the tropics; namely: (i) how the high taxonomic diversity of the tropics is linked to ecosystem functioning, (ii) how changes in the interactions among trophic levels and taxonomic groups following disturbance impacts upon functional diversity and biogeochemistry, and (iii) how plot-level measurements can be used to scale to whole landscapes. We have formed a consortium to address these critical challenges to launch a large-scale, replicated, and fully integrated study that brings together a multi-disciplinary team with the skills and expertise to study the necessary taxonomic and trophic groups, different biogeochemical processes, and the complex interactions amongst them. To understand and quantify the effects of land-use change on the activity of focal biodiversity groups and how this impacts biogeochemistry, we will: (i) analyse pre-existing data on distributions of focal biodiversity groups; (ii) sample the landscape-scale treatments at the Stability of Altered Forest Ecosystems (SAFE) Project site (treatments include forest degradation, fragmentation, oil palm conversion) and key auxiliary sites (Maliau Basin - old growth on infertile soils, Lambir Hills - old growth on fertile soils, Sabah Biodiversity Experiment - rehabilitated forest, INFAPRO-FACE - rehabilitated forest); and (iii) implement new experiments that manipulate key components of biodiversity and pathways of belowground carbon flux. The manipulations will focus on trees and lianas, mycorrhizal fungi, termites and ants, because these organisms are the likely agents of change for biogeochemical cycling in human-modified tropical forests. We will use a combination of cutting-edge techniques to test how these target groups of organisms interact each other to affect biogeochemical cycling. We will additionally collate and analyse archived data on other taxa, including vertebrates of conservation concern. The key unifying concept is the recognition that so-called functional traits play a key role in linking taxonomic diversity to ecosystem function. We will focus on identifying key functional traits associated with plants, and how they vary in abundance along the disturbance gradient at SAFE. In particular, we propose that leaf functional traits (e.g. physical and chemical recalcitrance, nitrogen content, etc.) play a pivotal role in determining key ecosystem processes and also strongly influence atmospheric composition. Critically, cutting-edge airborne remote sensing techniques suggest it is possible to map leaf functional traits, chemistry and physiology at landscape-scales, and so we will use these novel airborne methods to quantify landscape-scale patterns of forest degradation, canopy structure, biogeochemical cycling and tree distributions. Process-based mathematical models will then be linked to the remote sensing imagery and ground-based measurements of functional diversity and biogeochemical cycling to upscale our findings over disturbance gradients.
Malaysian Palm Oil Board | Date: 2015-04-20
The invention provides a composition the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease, wherein said composition compounds obtained from palm oil mill effluents, in particular from vegetative liquor from the milling of palm oil fruit.
Malaysian Palm Oil Board | Date: 2015-09-16
The present invention relates to methods for producing water soluble oil palm leaf powder and concentrate. The most preferred method includes the steps of (a) cleaning the leaves with water or an acid with pH lower than 5.5 and salts to produce an extract, (b) extracting the oil palm leaves with a solvent which has polarity index above 2.5 such as methanol, ethanol or ethyl acetate or any combination thereof, especially catechins or ethanol and water which are generally recognized as safe (GRAS) for food consumption (c) filtering and/or centrifuging the extract, (d) sterilizing the extract and (e) microencapsulating the extract from step (d) to form the water soluble oil palm leaf powder and concentrate.
Malaysian Palm Oil Board | Date: 2016-09-13
Malaysian Palm Oil Board | Date: 2014-10-08
The present invention relates to a process for fractioning refined triglyceride oil. The process according to the present invention attains a reproducible crystallization by introducing a controlled temperature profile and ensuing crystal development that reduce the amount of entrapped olein inside the crystals or crystal aggregates. The process of the present invention may be used to fractionate refined and or refined, bleached and deodorized vegetable oils especially refined and or refined, bleached and deodorized palm oil.
Malaysian Palm Oil Board | Date: 2014-07-21
Malaysian Palm Oil Board | Date: 2016-08-01
This invention relates to the use of palm phenolics as natural antioxidants and food preservatives. In particular, the present invention relates to antioxidant compounds derived from a plant material, wherein the said antioxidant compounds are phenolics comprising but not confined to phenolic acids and flavonoids extracted from by-products of palm oil mill.
Malaysian Palm Oil Board | Date: 2014-10-08
The present invention relates to an improved process for fractionating triglyceride oil. The process according to the present invention attains a reproducible crystallization by introducing a controlled temperature profile and ensuing crystal development that reduce the amount of entrapped olein inside the crystals or crystal aggregates. The process of the present invention may be used to fractionate vegetable oils such as palm oil or its blends with other palm oil products or edible vegetable oils.
Malaysian Palm Oil Board | Date: 2014-10-13
A cosmeceutical composition comprising phenolic compounds, fruit acids and sugars, extracted from the vegetation liquor of the palm oil milling process has been suggested. This composition is rich in antioxidants, and significantly improves skin health, including preventing aging of skin.
Malaysian Palm Oil Board | Date: 2015-04-30
Methods, compositions, kits, and computer program code are provided for predicting somaclonal abnormality (e.g., a Mantled phenotype) in a plant and or sorting plants based on the predicted presence or absence of somaclonal abnormality.