Askling H.H.,Karolinska Institutet |
Rombo L.,Karolinska Institutet |
Rombo L.,Uppsala University |
Van Vollenhoven R.,Karolinska Institutet |
And 5 more authors.
Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Background Hepatitis A vaccine is the most frequently used travel vaccine, yet data are scarce about its ability to induce protection in patients with concurrent immunosuppressive treatment. We assessed the immunogenicity of this vaccine in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with tumour necrosis factor-inhibitors (TNFi) and/or methotrexate (MTX). Methods Hepatitis A vaccine was administered to non-immune RA patients at 0 and 6 months. Hepatitis A virus (HAV) antibodies were assessed at 0, 1, 6, 7, 12, and 24 months with a quantitative Chemiluminescent Microparticle Immuno Assay (CMIA) for HAV-IgG. Samples from month 1, 6, and 7 were, in addition, analysed with a microparticle EIA (MEIA) for anti-HAV IgM + IgG. Results The final study population consisted of 53 patients treated with TNFi (n = 15), TNFi + MTX (n = 21) or MTX (n = 17). One and six months after the first dose, 10% and 33% of the patients had attained seroprotection. One and six months after the second dose 83% and 72% were seroprotected. At month 24, 86% of the vaccinees showed protective levels. Conclusions Two doses of hepatitis A vaccine at a 6-month interval provided protection for most immunosuppressed RA patients. A single dose does not seem to afford sufficient protection to this group of patients. © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source
Akerstrom U.,ACO HUD NORDIC AB |
Reitamo S.,University of Helsinki |
Langeland T.,Kontor |
Berg M.,Malar Hospital |
And 7 more authors.
Atopic dermatitis (AD) affects adults and children and has a negative impact on quality of life. The present multicentre randomized double-blind controlled trial showed a barrier-improving cream (5% urea) to be superior to a reference cream in preventing eczema relapse in patients with AD (hazard ratio 0.634, p = 0.011). The risk of eczema relapse was reduced by 37% (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 10–55%). Median time to relapse in the test cream group and in the reference cream group was 22 days and 15 days, respectively (p = 0.013). At 6 months 26% of the patients in the test cream group were still eczema free, compared with 10% in the reference cream group. Thus, the barrier-improving cream significantly prolonged the eczema-free time compared with the reference cream and decreased the risk of eczema relapse. The test cream was well tolerated in patients with AD. © 2015 The Authors. Source
Lennernas B.,Sahlgrenska University Hospital |
Majumder K.,Karolinska Institutet |
Damber J.-E.,Sahlgrenska University Hospital |
Albertsson P.,Sahlgrenska University Hospital |
And 6 more authors.
Background. Treatment of localized prostate cancer (PC) is controversial. This is the first randomized study comparing an open surgery procedure (radical prostatectomy) with a combination of high-dose rate brachytherapy (2 × 10 Gy) and external beam radiotherapy (25 × 2 Gy) in PC patients in Sweden 1996-2001. The two randomization arms were compared regarding differences in patients-reported outcomes, such as complications and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Material and methods. The patients had localized/locally advanced PC, clinical category T1b-T3a, N0, M0 and PSA ≤ 50 ng/ml. All underwent total androgen blockade (six months). Self-reported HRQoL and symptoms including urinary, bowel, and sexual side effects were investigated prospectively before randomization and 12 and 24 months after randomization. A total of 89 patients were randomized and completed the EORTC QLQ C-33 and EORTC PR-25 questionnaires. Results. Over the study period, there were no discernible differences in HRQoL, or complications between the two groups. Emotional functioning, however, improved statistically significantly over time, whereas Social functioning decreased, and financial difficulties increased. No statistically significant differences in group-by-time interactions were found. The survival rate was 76%. Only eight patients (9%) died of PC. Conclusion. Open radical prostatectomy and the combined high-dose rate brachytherapy with external beam radiation appeared to be comparable in the measured outcomes. It was not possible to draw any conclusion on the efficacy of the two treatments due to insufficient power of the study. © 2014 Informa Healthcare. Source
Ronnblom A.,Uppsala University |
Tanghoj H.,Malar Hospital |
Wanders A.,Uppsala University |
Sjoberg D.,Uppsala University |
Sjoberg D.,Center for Clinical Research
Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Objective. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), microscopic colitis and celiac disease are all diseases with worldwide distribution and increased incidence has been reported from many areas. There is a shortage of studies investigating the occurrence of these diseases in the same individual and whether those affected demonstrate any particular phenotype. The aim of the study was to describe the concomitant incidence of microscopic colitis and celiac disease in a population-based IBD cohort. Methods. All 790 individuals in a prospective population-based cohort included 2005-09 from Uppsala region, Sweden, were reviewed regarding the appearance of microscopic or celiac disease before or after IBD diagnosis. Results. Fifty percent (396/790) of the patients had been examined for the possibility of celiac disease. Seventeen patients with celiac disease were found, representing 2.2% of the cohort. Patients with celiac disease were younger compared to the non-celiac patients and those with colitis had more often an extensive inflammation of the colon. Seventy-one percent (12/17) were women. The majority of the patients were diagnosed with celiac disease before IBD. Five patients with IBD had an earlier diagnosis of microscopic colitis or developed it after the IBD diagnosis. One teenager developed collagenous sprue, misinterpreted as a severe relapse of ulcerative colitis (UC) resulting in colectomy. Conclusions. The risk for celiac disease seems not to be increased in IBD, but those affected by both diseases seem to be predominantly women with extensive UC. There is a potential association between microscopic colitis and IBD. © 2015 © Informa Healthcare. Source
Dreno B.,Hopital Hotel Dieu |
Kaufmann R.,Goethe University Frankfurt |
Talarico S.,Federal University of Sao Paulo |
Torres Lozada V.,Juarez Hospital |
And 9 more authors.
British Journal of Dermatology
Background Oral antibiotics in association with a topical retinoid with or without benzoyl peroxide (BPO) are the recommended first-line option in the treatment of moderate to severe acne vulgaris. Objectives To evaluate the efficacy and safety of oral lymecycline 300 mg with adapalene 0·1%-BPO 2·5% (A/BPO) fixed-dose gel in comparison with oral lymecycline 300 mg with a vehicle gel in subjects with moderate to severe acne vulgaris. Methods A total of 378 subjects were randomized in a double-blind, controlled trial to receive once-daily lymecycline with either A/BPO or vehicle for 12 weeks. Evaluations included percentage changes from baseline in lesion counts, success rate (subjects 'clear' or 'almost clear'), skin tolerability, adverse events and patients' satisfaction. Results The median percentage reduction from baseline in total lesion counts at week 12 was significantly higher (P < 0·001) in the lymecycline with A/BPO group (-74·1%) than in the lymecycline with vehicle group (-56·8%). The success rate was significantly higher (47·6% vs. 33·7%, P = 0·002) in subjects treated with lymecycline and A/BPO. Both inflammatory and noninflammatory lesions were significantly reduced at week 12 (both P < 0·001) with a rapid onset of action from week 2 for noninflammatory lesions (P < 0·001) and week 4 for inflammatory lesions (P = 0·005). The A/BPO and lymecycline combination was well tolerated. The proportion of satisfied and very satisfied subjects was similar in both groups, but the number in the A/BPO group who were 'very satisfied' was significantly greater (P = 0·031). Conclusion These results demonstrate the clinical benefit of combining A/BPO with lymecycline in the treatment of moderate to severe acne vulgaris. © 2011 British Association of Dermatologists. Source