Fort Lauderdale, FL, United States
Fort Lauderdale, FL, United States

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Patent
MAKO Surgical | Date: 2016-11-03

A robotic surgical systems and methods of operating the same are provided. The system comprises a surgical tool, a manipulator having a plurality of joints and supporting the surgical tool, and a controller. A virtual simulation represents the surgical tool as a virtual rigid body having a virtual mass including an inertia about at least one of the joints. The controller determines an expected joint torque for the joint. The expected joint torque is compared to an actual joint torque of the joint to determine a joint torque difference. The inertia of the virtual mass about the joint is determined. An angular acceleration about the joint is computed using the joint torque difference and the inertia. The angular acceleration is projected to the virtual mass to determine an external force. The controller simulates dynamics of the surgical tool in the virtual simulation in response to the external force.


A method for correcting an error of a nonvolatile memory of an embedded component for an end effector used in a robotic surgical system is provided. The robotic surgical system includes a host controller in communication with the embedded component. The embedded component of the end effector performs a test process to test the nonvolatile memory. The host controller of the robotic surgical system requests a result of the test process from the embedded component of the end effector. The host controller determines that the error of the nonvolatile memory has occurred after requesting the result of the test process from the embedded component of the end effector. The host controller modifies the nonvolatile memory of the embedded component of the end effector to correct the error.


Patent
MAKO Surgical | Date: 2016-10-10

A tool and method for operating the tool are provided. The tool includes a housing and a power generator, such as a motor, disposed in the housing. The power generator has an operating parameter, such as rotational speed. A trigger member and associated magnet are displaceable relative to the housing. A plurality of sensors each generate an output signal based on movement of the magnet. A controller receives the output signals from the sensors, determines a base digital integer from each of the output signals, concatenates the base digital integers to form a concatenated digital integer. The controller varies the operating parameter based on the concatenated digital integer.


Patent
MAKO Surgical | Date: 2017-01-17

A robotic surgery method for cutting a bone of a patient includes characterizing the geometry and positioning of the bone and manually moving a handheld manipulator, the handheld manipulator operatively coupled to a bone cutting tool having an end effector portion, to cut a portion of the bone with the end effector portion. The handheld manipulator further comprises a manipulator housing and an actuator assembly movably coupled between the manipulator housing and the bone cutting tool. The method further includes causing the actuator assembly to automatically move relative to the manipulator housing to maintain the end effector portion of the tool within a desired bone cutting envelope in response to movement of the manipulator housing relative to the bone.


Patent
MAKO Surgical | Date: 2017-04-05

A joint distraction lever for measuring a distraction force is disclosed. The joint distraction lever includes a lever body having a handle portion and a working portion. The lever body has a fulcrum extending from a bottom surface of the working portion of the lever body and a distal tip, wherein the distal tip is raised above a top surface of the working portion of the lever body. The joint distraction lever is configured to measure a distraction force applied at the distal tip during a distraction procedure when a torque is applied by an external force applied on the handle portion of the lever body. The joint distraction lever further includes an indicator configured to provide feedback related to the distraction force applied at the distal tip, as measured by the joint distraction lever.


A system for providing substantially stable control of a surgical instrument is provided. The system includes a surgical manipulator for manipulating the surgical instrument and at least one computer configured to identify a first subset and a second subset of interaction geometric primitives associated with a virtual tool; determine, based on the first subset, control forces in a first subspace; and determine based on the second subset, control forces in a second subspace having at least one additional dimension. Control forces in the additional dimension are only determined based on the second subset of primitives, which is different than the first subset of primitives. The computer is further configured to determine a torque to constrain an orientation of the surgical instrument, wherein determining the torque comprises defining a virtual tool normal and a control plane normal and using the virtual tool normal and control plane normal to calculate the torque.


A method for customizing an interactive control boundary based on a patient-specific anatomy includes obtaining a standard control boundary and determining an intersection between a reference feature associated with the standard control boundary and a virtual representation of an anatomy of the patient. The method further includes identifying an anatomic perimeter at the intersection between the identified reference feature and the virtual representation of the anatomy. An anatomic feature on the virtual representation of the anatomy is determined from the intersection of the reference feature and the virtual representation of the anatomy. The standard control boundary is modified based on at least one anatomic feature to generate a customized control boundary.


Patent
MAKO Surgical | Date: 2017-02-13

The invention generally pertains to a combination of a surgical with a computer-assisted surgery system. The surgical tool may be used as an input device, allowing information to pass from the user to the computer-assisted surgery system, and providing functionality similar to common user interface devices, such as a mouse or any other input device. When used as an input device, it may be used for defining anatomical reference geometry, manipulating the position and/or orientation of virtual implants, manipulating the position and/or orientation of surgical approach trajectories, manipulating the positions and/or orientation of bone resections, and the selection or placement of any other anatomical or surgical feature.


System and method for performing a surgical procedure using a drill guide and a robotic device operable in multiple modes. The drill guide is mechanically coupled to the robotic device. A pre-defined virtual trajectory constrains movement of the drill guide. In a first mode, a user is able to manually manipulate the drill guide while movement of the drill guide is constrained by the pre-defined virtual trajectory. In a second mode, the robotic device operates autonomously, for instance, to perform service on the robotic device.


Patent
MAKO Surgical | Date: 2016-10-07

A method for calibrating a surgical device is provided. The method includes acquiring first data including a position and/or an orientation of a first object disposed on the surgical device at a first location; acquiring second data including a position and/or an orientation of a second object disposed on the surgical device at a second location; determining third data including a position and/or an orientation of the first object relative to the second location; and determining a position and/or an orientation of the second object relative to the second location based at least in part on the first data, the second data, and the third data.

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