Wise C.F.,Wise Laboratory of Environmental and Genetic Toxicology |
Wise C.F.,Maine Center for Toxicology and Environmental Health |
Wise J.T.F.,Wise Laboratory of Environmental and Genetic Toxicology |
Wise J.T.F.,Maine Center for Toxicology and Environmental Health |
And 10 more authors.
Aquatic Toxicology | Year: 2014
The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil rig explosion in the Gulf of Mexico drew attention to the need for toxicological studies of chemical dispersants. We are still learning the effects these spills had on wildlife. Little is known about the toxicity of these substances in marine mammals. The objective of this study was to determine the toxicity of the two dispersants (Corexit 9500 and 9527). Corexit 9500 and 9527 were both cytotoxic to sperm whale skin fibroblasts. Corexit 9527 was less cytotoxic than 9500. S9 mediated metabolism did not alter cytotoxicity of either dispersant. Both dispersants were genotoxic to sperm whale skin fibroblasts; S9 mediated metabolism increased Corexit 9527 genotoxicity. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.