Main Pulkovo Astronomical Observatory

Saint Petersburg, Russia

Main Pulkovo Astronomical Observatory

Saint Petersburg, Russia
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Antonyuk K.A.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Kolesnikov S.V.,Odessa I I Mechnikov National University | Pit N.V.,Crimean Astrophysical Observatory | Valyavin G.G.,Russian Academy of Sciences | And 4 more authors.
Astrophysical Bulletin | Year: 2016

We report the results of a polarimetric and photometric study of the cool white dwarf WD1748+508. Observations were performed during four consecutive nights on the telescopes of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory. As a result, polarization was detected in the V band at the level of −0.36 ± 0.087% and the star was found to be photometrically variable with a period ranging from five hours to about two days. Throughout the entire observing set the variability amplitude was constant and equal to about 10 ± 1 mmag. Non-zero circular polarization directly indicates that the white dwarf has a global magnetic field with a strength of 10 MG or higher.We interpret the photometric variations found in this study in terms of rotationally modulated variability of magnetic properties of the star’s atmosphere. © 2016, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.


Grauzhanina A.O.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Valyavin G.G.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Gadelshin D.R.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Baklanova D.N.,Crimean Astrophysical Observatory | And 8 more authors.
Astrophysical Bulletin | Year: 2017

We present first results of spectroscopic observations of transiting exoplanets in the Special Astrophysical Observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences with the Main Stellar Spectrograph of the 6-m BTA telescope. For the exoplanetWASP-32b, we detected a significant variation of intensity and equivalent width in the Hα spectral line of the parent star at the time of a transit. The equivalent width of the line during transit is by 8–10% larger than outside the planet passage. Residual intensity in the core of the line reveals the following tendency: the line is by 10–15% deeper inside transit than outside it. Observations with the long-slit spectrograph of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory at the 2.6-m ZTSh telescope also showed a transit event in the Hα line, although, with a smaller amplitude and shape inverted in relation to the data from the 6-m telescope. While in the observations with the BTA the Hα line becomes deeper during the transit, in the ZTSh observations, the residual intensity of the Hα line decreases during the transit. Reducing and analysis of the archive data of WASP-32b observations with the HARPS spectrograph also confirm the Hα line modulation at the time of the transit. The observed data give evidence of the envelope in WASP-32b filling the Roche lobe and a comet-like tail of changing geometry and orientation relative to the observer. These changes determine different depths and shapes of the Hα spectral line at the time of transits. © 2017, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.


Valeev A.F.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Antonyuk K.A.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Pit N.V.,Crimean Astrophysical Observatory | Moskvitin A.S.,Russian Academy of Sciences | And 15 more authors.
Astrophysical Bulletin | Year: 2017

We report the results of photometric observations of a number of magnetic white dwarfs in order to search for photometric variability in these stars. These V-band observations revealed significant variability in the classical highly magnetized white dwarf GRW+70◦8247 with a likely period from several days to several dozen days and a half-amplitude of about 0. m 04. Our observations also revealed the variability of the well-known white dwarf GD229. The half amplitude of its photometric variability is equal to about 0. m 005, and the likely period of this degenerate star lies in the 10–20 day interval. This variability is most likely due to the rotation of the stars considered.We also discuss the peculiarities of the photometric variability in a number of other white dwarfs. We present the updated “magnetic field–rotation period” diagram for the white dwarfs. © 2017, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

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