Ramsey L.B.,Mail Stop 313 |
Edick M.J.,Mail Stop 313 |
Williams R.T.,St Jude Childrens Research Hospital |
Sherr C.J.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute |
And 2 more authors.
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics | Year: 2014
BACKGROUND: Thiopurines are used for many cancers, including acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Patients with an inherited host defect in thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) are at high risk for life-threatening toxicity if treated with conventional dosages, but the impact on antileukemic efficacy is less clear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We treated thiopurine-sensitive BCR-ABL+Arf-null Tpmt+/+ ALL in Tpmt+/+, +/-, or -/- recipient mice to test the impact of the host polymorphism on antileukemic efficacy. RESULTS: Median survival was similar in untreated mice of different Tpmt genotypes (16-18 days). However, in mice treated with low-dose mercaptopurine (such as tolerated by TPMT-/- patients), the difference in 30-day leukemia-free survival by Tpmt genotype was profound: 5% (±9%) for Tpmt+/+ mice, 47% (±26%) for Tpmt+/- mice, and 85% (±14%) for Tpmt-/- mice (P=5×10), indicating a substantial impact of host Tpmt status on thiopurine effectiveness. Among Tpmt+/+ recipient mice, leukemia-free survival improved with higher doses of mercaptopurine (similar to doses tolerated by wild-type patients) compared with lower doses, and at higher doses was comparable (P=0.6) to the survival of Tpmt-/- mice treated with the lower dose. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the notion that germline polymorphisms in Tpmt affect not only host tissue toxicity but also antitumor effectiveness.