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Koley M.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | Saha S.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | Arya J.S.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | Choubey G.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | And 4 more authors.
Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies | Year: 2014

Background Homeopathic research conducted by new graduates [i.e. house staff (HS)] and postgraduate trainees (PGTs) in India remains seriously compromised. Objective To assess HS and PGT knowledge and attitudes towards homeopathic research and to identify the barriers to conducting research. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in four government homeopathic schools in West Bengal, India. A total of 118 HS and 54 PGTs were interviewed using a validated and pilot-tested self-administered questionnaire. Bivariate analyses were performed to look for putative associations between different variables and the knowledge and attitude scores. Results The survey response rate was 43%. Mean scores ± standard deviation on the knowledge and attitude scales were 31.35% ± 15.27 and 47.3% ± 18.2, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between the knowledge (P=0.234) and attitude scores (P=0.304) of HS and PGTs. Males had significantly better knowledge of (P=0.020) and attitude towards (P=0.033) research in comparison with females. Constraints in infrastructure (23%), research training (20%) and statistical support (15%) were the major hurdles to pursuing research. Conclusion Homeopathic HS and PGTs demonstrate inadequate knowledge, while having moderate attitudes towards research. Research training needs to undergo major transformation to encourage meaningful research. © 2014 Royal Pharmaceutical Society. Source


Mundle M.,West Bengal University of Health Sciences | Saha S.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | Koley M.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | Arya J.S.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of High Dilution Research | Year: 2014

Background: Prioritizing undergraduate research is emphasized to develop critical analytical skills and thinking, independent writing, future clinical practice, enhanced employability, and improved research productivity. Despite far reaching consequences, research perception of homeopathic undergraduate students has barely been investigated to date. Poor participation of homeopathic undergraduates in research is reflected by a single MEDLINE indexed publication with adequate students' contribution in the last decade. We aimed to assess their knowledge and attitude towards research and to identify barriers towards successful conduct of research. Methods: Institutional cross-sectional survey was carried out during August-September, 2013 in the four Government undergraduate homeopathic schools in West Bengal, India involving 902 participants. A semi-structured questionnaire was developed for the purpose depending on earlier studies on medical undergraduates. 364 completed responses were analyzed in the end. Results: Study sample mostly spanned 18-25 years of age group (94%), belonged to urban families (44.8%), with no gender differences (almost 1:1) and no physicians in family (73.1%). Maximum complete responses were obtained from 3rd year students (61.5%) and students of Calcutta Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital (51.2%). In spite of willingness to participate and keeping a positive attitude towards research, current involvement, training, knowledge and awareness remained quite unsatisfactory. Lack of infrastructure was identified as the chief barrier towards research. Conclusion: Undergraduates had a positive attitude towards homeopathic research, but need a realistic understanding of the research process. Opportunities for research skill development are underdeveloped. Source


Koley M.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | Saha S.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | Ghosh S.,Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital
Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2015

Few homeopathic complexes seemed to produce significant effects in osteoarthritis; still, individualized homeopathy remained untested. We evaluated the feasibility of conducting an efficacy trial of individualized homeopathy in osteoarthritis. A prospective, parallel-arm, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study was conducted from January to October 2014 involving 60 patients (homeopathy, n = 30; placebo, n = 30) who were suffering from acute painful episodes of knee osteoarthritis and visiting the outpatient clinic of Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital, West Bengal, India. Statistically significant reduction was achieved in 3 visual analog scales (measuring pain, stiffness, and loss of function) and Osteoarthritis Research Society International scores in both groups over 2 weeks (P <.05); however, group differences were not significant (P >.05). Overall, homeopathy did not appear to be superior to placebo; still, further rigorous evaluation in this design involving a larger sample size seems feasible in future. Trial registration: Clinical Trials Registry, India (CTRI/2014/05/004589). © The Author(s) 2015. Source


Saha S.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | Koley M.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | Ghosh A.,Midnapore Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital | Mondal R.,Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of High Dilution Research | Year: 2013

This research was an attempt to understand the views of students of homoeopathic undergraduate schools in West Bengal, India and to identify areas of strength and weakness in the learning environment. An institutional, cross-sectional, observational study was carried out involving 430 students in May, 2013 in two Government homoeopathic medical colleges in West Bengal, India. A seven-item close-ended questionnaire with four point Likert scale was used to determine students' perceptions of the learning environment, intellectual climate and teacher-student relationship in homoeopathic schools. The questionnaire generated seven subscales - flexibility, student to student interaction, emotional climate, supportiveness, meaningful experience, organization, and breadth of interest. 46.5% students belonged to rural areas and Bengali was the mother tongue of 93.7% students. 39.5% preferred Bengali as the medium of instruction and group study was preferable to 77.9% students. 47.7% students were dissatisfied with the teaching process and 79.8% preferred the use of multimedia over conventional classroom teaching. Flexibility remained low (mean=1.9, SD=0.9); meaningful experience (theoretical teaching) score was high (mean=2.6, SD=0.9). Scores did not vary significantly (P>0.05) across the pre-clinical and clinical students, but few subscales produced significant differences individually among students of different years. Internal consistency scores of the scale remained questionable (Cronbach's a 0.310-0.446); however, the scale showed acceptable test-retest reliability (Cohen's κ 0.680-0.838). This study emphasized the areas requiring improvement in homoeopathic school environment based on students' perspective. Changes in curriculum, faculty and infrastructure should be planned to improve students' satisfaction. Source


Ghosh S.,Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital | Panja S.,Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital | Ghosh T.N.,Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital | Sharma P.,Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2014

This pilot investigation initiated a research-targeted systematic dental homeopathy data collection in the dental outpatient section in a government homeopathic hospital in West Bengal, India. One conventionally trained dentist and 3 homeopathic doctors collected data from 949 appointments of 411 patients over 3 months. A specifically designed Excel spreadsheet enabled recording of consecutive dental appointments that was subjected to data synthesis and analysis in the end. A total of 87.3% conditions were chronic, and chronic periodontitis was most frequent (27.5%). Positive outcome was observed in 72.3% appointments. Strongly positive outcomes (scores of +2 or +3) were achieved most notably in toothache (84.6%). Single medicines were prescribed in 83.5% encounters, and mostly in tincture form (29.9%). Arnica montana constituted of 17.8% prescriptions. Considerable insight was gained into the homeopathic dental practice scenario in West Bengal, India. Positive findings suggest that dental homeopathy is a promising area for research in near future. © The Author(s) 2014. Source

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